Wales - This Day in History

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Gotoarrow.png Wales Gotoarrow.png This day in history

Date Event
28 April 1197 Lord Rhys (Rhys ap Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Tudur) died and was buried at St David's cathedral.
11 April 1240 Death of Prince Llewelyn Fawr in Aberconwy.
7 February 1301 King Edward I of England revived the title, Prince of Wales and bestowed it on Edward of Caernarfon, later Edward II. (The Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies Newsletter 79)
20 March 1406 Owain Glŷndwr signs the famous Pennal Letter to Pope Benedict XIII in Avignon.
25 January 1457 Henry Tudor, later King Henry VII, founder of the Tudor dynasty, was born in Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire.
18 March 1536 Monasteries dissolved by Henry VIII. (Chronicle of Britain, p. 417)
14 April 1536 The Act of Union between Wales and England was signed by Henry VIII.
3 Dec 1538 Monastic wealth seized (Chronicle of Britain, p. 421)
28 July 1540 Every parish church to have a new Bible (Chronicle of Britain, p. 423)
15 May 1645 Judge Jeffreys (The Hanging Judge) was born in Acton Hall, Wrexham.
5 February 1722 Pirate Bartholemew Roberts (Black Bart) was killed in action against the Royal Navy.
14 May 1771 Industrialist and social reformer, Robert Owen, was born in Newtown, Montgomeryshire.
26 January 1788 Four convicts from Wales arrive in Australia with the First Fleet. (Australians From Wales by Lewis Lloyd, page 17)
4 July 1790 Surveyor and geographer, George Everest (after whom Mount Everest was named), was born in Crickhowell, Breconshire.
22 February 1797 The people of Fishguard, Pembrokeshire repelled an invasion of 1400 French soldiers
3 January 1800 Wesleyan Methodists began preaching at Ruthin at the request of Edward Jones. (History of Protestant Nonconformity in Wales by Thomas Rees)
21 February 1804 A steam locomotive built by Cornishman Richard Trevithick carried passengers between Penydarren and Abercynon in Glamorgan.
13 May 1839 The first of the Rebecca Riots took place in Carmarthenshire.
29 January 1841 Journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley (born John Rowland) was born in Denbigh, Denbighshire.
10 March 1846 A motion was made in the House of Commons for an inquiry into the state of education in Wales. The report that came from this inquiry was 1252 pages long and came to be known as, Treachery of the Blue Book. (Victorian School-days in Wales by Gerallt D. Nash, pp. 14-15)
17 January 1863 Politician and statesman David Lloyd George was born in Manchester.
28 May 1865 The Mimosa left Liverpool on route to Patagonia with the Welsh settlers who formed the colony of "Y Wladfa".
1 May 1869 The Western Mail was first published in Cardiff.
18 May 1872 Philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell was born in Ravenscroft, Monmouthshire.
4 January 1878 Painter Augustus John was born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire.
22 January 1879 Around 600 men of the South Wales Borderers were killed in battle with the Zulu armies in the Battle of Isandlwana.
23 January 1879 The South Wales Borderers faced the Zulu armies in the Battle of Rorke's Drift. Eleven Victoria Crosses were later awarded.
16 August 1888 T E Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) was born in Tremadog, Merionethshire.
5 April 1891 The national census showed that the number of Welsh speakers in Wales was 1,685,614.
15 January 1893 Composer and actor, Ivor Novello (born David Ivor Davies), was born in Cardiff.
15 January 1895 Lady Charlotte Guest, translator of Y Mabinogion into English, died.
6 April 1896 The Snowdon Mountain Railway was opened.
19 May 1898 William Ewart Gladstone, four times British Prime Minister, died in Hawarden, Flintshire.
17 February 1903 Dr Joseph Parry, composer of the love song Myfanwy died in Penarth, Glamorgan.
13 October 1913 439 miners died in Wales' worst mining disaster at Senghenydd Colliery, Caerphilly, Glamorgan.
27 October 1914 Poet and writer Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea.
13 September 1916 Children's author Roald Dahl was born in Llandaff, Cardiff.
31 July 1917 Poet Ellis Humphrey Evans (Hedd Wynn) was killed in action in Flanders. He was later posthumously awarded the Eisteddfodic Chair at the National Eisteddfod in Birkenhead.
31 March 1920 The disestablishment of the Church in Wales was took place, removing Anglicanism as the official religion.
31 October 1920 Dick Francis, author and jockey, was born in Lawrenny, Pembrokeshire.
10 November 1925 Actor Richard Burton (born Richard Jenkins) was born in Pontrhydyfen, Carmarthenshire.
3 May 1926 The General Strike began.
3 March 1927 Racing driver J G Parry Thomas was killed in his car Babs at Pendine Sands, Carmarthenshire.
22 September 1934 A massive gas explosion at Gresford Colliery, Wrexham, killed 265 miners.
8 January 1937 Singer Shirley Bassie was born in Bute Town, Cardiff.
31 December 1937 Actor Sir Anthony Hopkins was born in Port Talbot, Glamorgan
7 June 1940 Singer Tom Jones (born Thomas John Woodward) was born in Pontypridd, Glamorgan.
2 January 1941 165 people were killed, and hundreds more injured, during a German air-raid on Cardiff.
19 February 1941 A series of German air-raids on Swansea began, killing 240 people.
26 February 1942 The film How Green Was My Valley, based on the book by Richard Llewellyn, was awarded an Oscar for Best Film.
26 March 1945 David Lloyd George, politician and statesman, died in Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire.
25 January 1954 Dylan Thomas' play Under Milk Wood was first broadcast by the BBC.
13 February 1962 Saunders Lewis broadcast his influential lecture Tynged yr Iaith (The Fate of the Language) on BBC radio.
8 April 1963 Architect Clough Williams-Ellis, creator of Porthmeirion, died.
14 July 1966 Dr Gwynfor Evans is elected as the first Plaid Cymru MP in Carmarthenshire.
21 October 1966 A landslide buried the school at Aberfan, Glamorgan, killing 144 children and teachers.
25 September 1969 Actress Catherine Zeta Jones was born in Swansea.
2 February 1970 Philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell died in Penrhyndeudraeth, Merionethshire.
2 November 1982 Welsh-language TV channel S4C (Sianel 4 Cymru) began broadcasting.
7 May 1999 The first elections were held to choose members for the newly established Welsh Assembly in Cardiff Bay.
15 February 2000 Rhodri Morgan was elected as First Minister.