|Virginia Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
Online Resources[edit | edit source]
- Indexed Images of the Virginia Gazette, 1736-1780
- Virginia Online Historical Newspapers
- Chronicling America Virginia Digitized Newspapers
- Virginia Newspapers ($)
- NewspaperArchive ($)
- Virginia Gazette for the years 1774-1775, 1791-1803, 1807-1809 Google News
- Virginia Gazette and General Advertiser for the years 1803-1805 Google News
- Virginia Herald for the years 1792-1795, 1807-1809 Virginia Herald for the years 1792-1795, 1807-1809Google News
- Virginia Argus for the years 1799-1802, 1804-1805, 1810-1811, 1816Google News
- Virginia Newspaper Archives (1736 - 1986) GenealogyBank ($)
History[edit | edit source]
Virginia's earliest newspaper, the Virginia Gazette, was first published in Williamsburg in 1736. Other towns began publishing local newspapers in the 1780s and 1790s.
Resources for Virginia Newspapers[edit | edit source]
Published Transcriptions and Abstracts[edit | edit source]
- Crouse, Randy F. McNew. "the freshest Advices, Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogical Records from Newspapers, 1736-1850," 2019. ISBN: 978-1-7343481-0-1, Available at: Lulu ($): "the freshest Advices" Randy F. McNew Crouse has transcribed newspaper articles relating to Buckingham County and central Virginia including Richmond, Charlottesville, Farmville, Lynchburg, Appomattox and vicinity. A chronicle of the history and life of Buckingham county and environs up through 1850. The 800 page volume, transcribed from some 140 news periodicals' more than 75,000 issues, contains, in its 2,037 fully transcribed articles, images of a great many of the actual articles and a 56 page, 3-column index with nearly 17,000 references. There are photographs, illustrations and numerous footnotes, a bibliography, statistics and a source guide. The index is extremely thorough and includes nearly every noun, including watercourses, counties, cities, towns, over 10,000 personal names, (among which are a few thousand named women and children and 522 named slaves,) occupations, taverns, pastimes, entertainment, plantations, geographical features, natural resources, social and political events, agricultural crops, technology, medicine, crime, punishment, weather and more. There are slave sale ads, land sale ads, ads for lost horses and runaway slaves, marriage and death notices, obituaries, chancery cases (some naming entire and extended families over multiple generations,) committee appointments, removal notices and more. This compilation, that bridges the records gap for this burned county until the 1850 census, is an important addition to Buckingham's all too few available historical and genealogical sources. The reader will find a discriminating selection of the “freshest Advices” of the sort that slaked the thirst for intelligence and for the amusement of yeomen, tavern patrons, gentry and wealthy planters all. Arguably, the most thorough and complete work of its kind yet produced for a single Virginia county. This valuable resource will be especially appreciated by genealogists, antiquarians, historians, demographers, journalists and sociologists as it offers a glimpse into the life and mores of early America.
- Headley, Robert K. "Genealogical Abstracts from 18th-Century Virginia Newspapers." Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. FHL Book 975.5 D2hr.
- Hiatt, Marty. "Marriage and Death Notices from the Genius of Liberty, 1817–1843." Northern Virginia Genealogy, 2005. Published in 2005 as a special issue of Northern Virginia Genealogy.
- Henley, Bernard J., Virginia Genealogical Society, Marriages and Deaths from Richmond, Virginia Newspapers, 1780-1820, Southern Historical Press, 1983. 285 pages. “Since Richmond was the state capital and a center of commerce for a wide area, the marriage and death notices abstracted here frequently refer to persons in other states, and other areas of Virginia. Some of the notices included were news items rather than obituaries or social notes. Many were obviously copied from out-of-town papers of unknown dates and a number of these were apparently included for their humor content or strangeness.”
- Henley, Bernard J., Virginia Genealogical Society, Marriage Notices from Richmond, Virginia, Newspapers, 1821-1840. Virginia Genealogical Society, 1997. 238 pages.
- Henley, Bernard J., Virginia Genealogical Society, Marriage Notices from Richmond, Virginia, Newspapers, 1841-1853. Virginia Genealogical Society, 1997. 238 pages.
A more extensive list of published newspaper transcriptions may be found in the bibliography of Crouse's book "the freshest Advices, Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogical Records from Newspapers, 1736-1850," 2019. ISBN: 978-1-7343481-0-1, Available at: Lulu ($): "the freshest Advices"
Libraries and Archives[edit | edit source]
Library of Virginia
University of Virginia Library
Jones Memorial library
Newspaper Directory[edit | edit source]
The U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present is a national directory from the Library of Congress of over 140,000 newspaper titles. The directory provides a list of libraries from around the country that have the newspapers in their collections.
Digital Issues Online[edit | edit source]
NewspaperArchive ($) has a collection of digitized Virginia newspapers online. This database is sometimes free at libraries. It may be under the name Access NewspaperArchive.
Issues of the Virginia Gazette for the years 1774-1775, 1791-1803, 1807-1809 are available online at Google News - free.
Issues of the Virginia Gazette and General Advertiser for the years 1803-1805 are available online at Google News - free.
Issues of the Virginia Herald for the years 1792-1795, 1807-1809 are available online at Google News - free.
Issues of the Virginia Argus for the years 1799-1802, 1804-1805, 1810-1811, 1816 are available online at Google News - free.
Chronicling America has some historical issues for the state of Virginia online.
Indexes[edit | edit source]
The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available at FamilySearch. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.
Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.
The Family History Library[edit | edit source]
The Family History Library has acquired very few copies of newspapers from Virginia. A bibliography of Virginia newspapers is:
- Cappon, Lester J. Virginia Newspapers 1821-1935: A Bibliography with Historical Introduction and Notes. New York, NY: D. Appleton Century, 1936. (Family History Library book 975.5 B33c; fiche 6104102.)
Earlier newspapers are discussed in:
- Brigham, Clarence Saunders. History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820. Two Volumes. Worcester, Massachusetts: American Antiquarian Society, 1947, 1975. (Family History Library book 973 A3bc.)
Wikipedia contributors have compiled a useful List of newspapers in Virginia in the 18th century.
The Family History Library has copies of some published indexes of newspapers, such as:
- Cappon, Lester J. and Stella F. Duff. Virginia Gazette, Index 1736-1780. Williamsburg, Virginia: Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1950. (Family History Library book 975.54252 B32c; film 1036212 items 2-3; fiche 6051225. The newspapers for these years are on Family History Library films 029718-23.) This duplicates what is now available on the Colonial Williamsburg site.
- Hall, Virginius Cornick. Abstracts of Marriage and Obituary Notices in Virginia Newspapers Before 1820. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1987. (On four Family History Library films 1508537 and 1508567-69.)
- Headley, Robert K. Genealogical Abstracts from 18th-Century Virginia Newspapers. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. FHL Book 975.5 D2hr.
The Library of Virginia has indexes to obituaries and marriage notices printed in the Richmond Whig and the Richmond Enquirer from 1804 to 1857. Some of this information has also been published in:
- McIlwaine, H.R. Index to Obituary Notices in the Richmond Enquirer from May 9, 1804 through 1828, and the Richmond Whig from January 1824 to 1838. 1921. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1974. (Family History Library book 975.5 A1 no. 52; film 908702 item 6.)
The Family History Library has begun to digitize its Virginia newspaper collection, see Virginia, Winchester, Evening Star Obituaries - FamilySearch Historical Records for an example.
Websites[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Genealogical Abstracts from 18th-Century Virginia Newspapers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1999):235.