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Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers - FamilySearch Historical Records

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Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Virginia, United States
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Civil War flag 1861 (33 stars)
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service Records
Record Group RG 109: War Department Collection of Confederate Records
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M324. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia. 1075 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 586957438
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

The collection consists of Confederate service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Virginia for the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M324. Index courtesy of Fold3 (previously Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each Confederate soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

Service

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s full name
  • Year
  • Age (often estimated)
  • Military unit served in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, Union prison registers and rolls, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the soldier
  • Identifying information such as age

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date
  • Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have served in the same unit or a nearby unit
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
  • If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, check for variant spellings of the surnames

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
  • Look for an index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby localities
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals with the same family number

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Virginia.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.