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The population stood at 189,618 (2000 est.). There were approximately a million inhabitants in 1800 but diseases contracted from missionaries and other factors reduced the population to its lowest point of 45,000 by 1935. Indigenous Melanesian constitutes 94% , French 5% of the population. In 2000 religious persuasion was 37% Presbyterian, 15% Roman Catholic, 15% Anglican, 10% other Christian, and 23% indigenous beliefs and other.
The population is about 190,000. 94 percent are ni-Vanuatu, of Melanesian descent. The rest are European, Vietnamese, Chinese, and other Pacific islanders.
- The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: Melanesia,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1987-2000.