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Guide to Clay County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Ashland
Organized: December 7, 1866
Parent County(s): Randolph, Talladega[1]
Neighboring Counties
Cleburne  • Coosa  • Randolph  • Talladega  • Tallapoosa
See County Maps
Courthouse
Clay County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Clay County Alabama.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named after the statesman Henry Clay.[2]The county is located in the east-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Clay County Courthouse
County Square
P.O. Box 1120
Ashland, AL 36251
Phone: (256) 354-7926
Website

Probate Court has land records from 1861, probate records from 1865, marriage records from 1872. County Court has death records 1920-1940 and Voting Register 1903-1936.[4]

Clay County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1920 1872 1920 1876 1861 1865 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Clay County had a destructive courthouse fire in 1875.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1866 Clay County was created 7 December 1866 from Randolph and Talladega Counties.
  • County seat: Ashland[7]

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Clay County:[8]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
  • Barfield
  • Berwick
  • Bluff Springs
  • Bowden Grove
  • Brownsville
  • Campbell Springs
  • Campbells Crossroads
  • Carr Mill
  • Chambers Springs
  • Clairmont Springs
  • Cleveland Crossroads
  • Concord
  • Cooley Crossroads
  • Corinth
  • Cragford
  • East Mill
  • Erin
  • Gage
  • Gibsonville
  • Glades
  • Gunthertown
  • Harkins Crossroads
  • Hatchet Creek
  • Haynes Crossroad
  • High Pine
  • Highland
  • Mellow Valley
  • Midway
  • Motley
  • Mount Moriah
  • Needmore
  • Pinkneyville
  • Pyriton
  • Rays Crossroads
  • Roselle
  • Shady Grove
  • Shiloh
  • Sikesville
  • Skeggs Crossroads
  • Springhill
  • Union
  • Watts Crossroads
  • Weathers
Census-designated places


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Clay, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Clay County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Clay County census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Clay County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1870 9,560
1880 12,938 35.3%
1890 15,765 21.9%
1900 17,099 8.5%
1910 21,006 22.8%
1920 22,645 7.8%
1930 17,768 −21.5%
1940 16,907 −4.8%
1950 13,929 −17.6%
1960 12,400 −11.0%
1970 12,636 1.9%
1980 13,703 8.4%
1990 13,252 −3.3%
2000 14,254 7.6%
2010 13,932 −2.3%
Sources: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.  through 1960

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Clay County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

CalhounCleburneRahdolphTallapoosaCoosaTalladegaAL CLAY.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Clay County has one book.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the RogersBA/Sandbox Al 14 Probate Court. Most records are housed at the RogersBA/Sandbox Al 14 Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Family History Center Locator

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Clay Ashland City Public Library
113 North 2nd Avenue, W
P.O. Box 296
Ashland, AL 36251-0296
Phone: 256-354-3427
Website


Public Library of Anniston - Calhoun County
108 E. 10th St.
Anniston, Alabama 36201
Phone: 256-237-8501
Website

Their Alabama Room collections include local history and genealogical records of Clay County.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Clay County Historical and Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 1849
West Point, MS 39773
Facebook

Northeast Alabama Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 8268
Gadsden, AL 35902
Publication Northeast Alabama Settlers
Publication

Clay County Historical Society
P. O. Box 998
Ashland, AL 36251

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Clay County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ala/clay/ 06/02/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clay_County,_Alabama 06/02/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Clay County Alabama in AllFreeRecords.com (accessed 5 March 2014).
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clay_County,_Alabama, accessed 7 October 2018.