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User:NelsonKC/Sandbox/United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1860 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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United States

Access the Records
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This article describes a collection of records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
US 33 Star Fort Sumter Flag.jpg
US Flag July 4, 1859 – July 3, 1861 (33 stars)
NARA logo circular black on white.jpg
National Archives and Records Administration Logo
Record Description
Record Type Census Slave Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census
Collection years 1860
Microfilm Publication M653. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. 1438 rolls.
Arrangement Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.
National Archives Identifier 2353568
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1860. This was the second time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M653 Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. Slave schedules for 1860 exist for the following:

  • Alabama, rolls 27-36
  • Arkansas, roll 53-54
  • Delaware, roll 100
  • District of Columbia, roll 105, Georgetown and City of Washington
  • Florida, roll 110
  • Georgia, rolls 142-153
  • Kentucky, rolls 401-406
  • Louisiana, rolls 427-431
  • Maryland, rolls 484-485
  • Mississippi, rolls 595-604
  • Missouri, rolls 661-664
  • North Carolina, rolls 920-927
  • South Carolina, rolls 1229-1238
  • Tennessee, rolls 1281-1286
  • Texas, rolls 1309-1314
  • Utah Territory
  • Virginia, rolls 1386-1397
  • Slave schedules are not available for other states.

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1860.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Image[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the slave owner
  • The age of the slave
  • The state where the slave may have lived

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

You will be able to search this collection when it is published.

View the Images[edit | edit source]

You will be able to view the images in this collection when it is published.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
  • Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
A citation will be available on the Collection Details page when the collection is published.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.