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United States Colonial Records

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List of General U.S. Colonial Resources:[edit | edit source]

States with Colonial Settlements[edit | edit source]


Spanish Colonization (1490s-1898)[edit | edit source]

Spanish Colonization.jpg

In the late 15th century to early 16th century, Spain established colonies in America that were called New Spain. Throughout the years, New Spain consisted of Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Puerto Rico, and most areas west of the Mississippi River in the United States. In 1763, as part of the Treaty of Paris, Florida became a British territory, and in 1800, Louisiana was transferred to France under the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso. From the Louisiana Purchase (1803), the Adams–Onís Treaty (1819), the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), and the Spanish–American War (1898), the United States acquired lands that had constituted New Spain.[1]

List of Spanish Colonial Record resources:






States with Spanish Colonization[edit | edit source]

Colony Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records
Arizona
California
Colorado
Florida
Louisiana
New Mexico
Nevada

British Colonization (1607-1776)[edit | edit source]

British Colonization.jpg

Beginning in the 17th century, Britain established colonies in America. Colonists came to the New World for both economic and religious reasons. The first successful colony was Jamestown in Virginia in 1607. The British established colonies in the Chesapeake Bay area, New England, Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida (Spain ceded it in 1763). Some of the colonies were established by private financiers, royal charters, or religious groups. The colonies declared their independence from Great Britain in 1776. [2]
List of British Colonial Record resources:

Thirteen Colonies Records at a glance[edit | edit source]

Below is a list of the earliest records for the original thirteen British colonies.[3]

Colony Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records
Connecticut 1636 1635 1636
Delaware 1646 1640 1642
Georgia 1733 1732 1751
Maryland 1640 1633 1635
Massachusetts 1620 1620 1620
New Hampshire 1634 1623 1629
New Jersey 1662 1629 1664
New York 1639 1630 1624
North Carolina 1677 1663 1663
Pennsylvania 1683 1683 1683
Rhode Island 1636 1636 1638
South Carolina 1694 1671 1671
Virginia 1646 1619 1608

French Colonization (17th c.-1803)[edit | edit source]

French Colonization.jpg

During the mid-17th century, France began trading in the North West. They established colonies along the Saint Lawrence river, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River. During the French and Indian Wars, England and Spain acquired most of New France, although Louisiana reverted back to France in 1800. Most of the territory that had been New France was acquired by the United States in 1783 during the Treaty of Paris and with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Lands not obtained by the United States, with the exception of the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, became part of Canada.[4]

List of French Colonial Record resources:















States Colonized by France[edit | edit source]

Colony Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records
Florida
Illinois
Louisiana
Michigan
Missouri
Ohio

Dutch Colonization (1614-1664)[edit | edit source]

Dutch Colonization1.jpg

In 1614, the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands charted a colony, New Netherlands, in what now consists of New York, New Jersey, and surrounding states. In 1664, the colony was captured by the British and was renamed New York in 1674.[5]

States Colonized by the Dutch[edit | edit source]

Colony Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records
New Jersey 1662 1629 1664
New York 1639 1630 1624
Pennsylvania 1683 1683 1683

Swedish Colonization (1638-1655)[edit | edit source]

Swedish Colonization.jpg

A Swedish colony, known as New Sweden, was established along the Delaware River Valley about 1638. It consisted of lands that are now Delaware, southern New Jersey, and southeastern Pennsylvania. The Dutch captured the colony in 1655 and it was merged with New Netherlands.[6]

List of New Sweden Colonial Record resources:











States Colonized by Sweden[edit | edit source]

Colony Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records
Delaware 1646 1640 1642

Russian Colonization (1784-1867)[edit | edit source]

Russian Colonization.jpg

Russia first established a colony in Alaska in 1784. Trading posts were later established in Aleutian Islands, Hawaii, and Northern California. In 1867, Russia sold Alaska to the United States.[7]

List of Russian Colonial Record resources:

States Colonized by Russia[edit | edit source]

Colony Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records
Alaska
California
Hawaii

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Colonial history of the United States," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_history_of_the_United_States#English_colonies, accessed 30 July 2019.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Colonial history of the United States," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_history_of_the_United_States#English_colonies, accessed 30 July 2019.
  3. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the counties of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 183. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Colonial history of the United States," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_history_of_the_United_States#English_colonies, accessed 30 July 2019.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Colonial history of the United States," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_history_of_the_United_States#English_colonies, accessed 30 July 2019.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Colonial history of the United States," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonial_history_of_the_United_States#English_colonies, accessed 30 July 2019.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Russian Colonization of the Americas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_colonization_of_the_Americas, accessed 30 July 2019.