United States Census Colonial
Censuses for some towns and counties exist for the early British colonies of North America, and for the colonies of Sweden, the Netherlands, France, Spain (and later Mexico).
Sometimes there are also lists of early residents, referred to as “censuses,” that have usually been reconstructed from other records, such as tax and land.
These earliest censuses and census substitutes are listed on the census Wiki page for each respective state. Only a few colonial censuses are indexed.
State, Territorial, and Colonial Censuses