United States Census, Slave Schedule, 1850 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850
CID1420440
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Slave Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census
Collection years 1850
Microfilm Publication M432. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850.
Arrangement Arrange alphabetically by state, and by county or parish.
National Archives Identifier 598246
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?

The collection consists of an index and images of slave schedules listing slave owners and only age and gender of the slaves in 1850. This was the first time that slave information was captured as a separate schedule. Census enumerators created slave schedules at the same time as population schedules. The slave schedules were microfilmed along with the population schedules are and part of NARA microfilm publication M432 Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 in Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census.Slave schedules for 1850 exist for the following:

  • Alabama, rolls 17-24
  • Arkansas, roll 32
  • Delaware, roll 55
  • District of Columbia, roll 57
  • Florida, roll 60
  • Georgia, rolls 88-96
  • Kentucky, rolls 223-228
  • Louisiana, rolls 242-247
  • Maryland, rolls 300-302
  • Mississippi, rolls 383-390
  • Missouri, rolls 422-424
  • North Carolina, rolls 650-656
  • South Carolina, rolls 861-868
  • Tennessee, rolls 902-907
  • Texas, rolls 917--918
  • Utah Territory
  • Virginia, rolls 983-993

Slave schedules are not available for other states.

While nearly one-third of Southern families owned slaves, the number of slave owners named in the slave schedules is 1.7 percent of the total population (in 1860). Depending on the state, slaves numbered less than one to nearly 50 percent of the population (12.5 percent of the total population in 1860).

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The following information may be found in these records:

Slave schedules

  • Name of slave owner
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, gender, and color of slave
  • If slave is a fugitive, from what state
  • Has slave been emancipated
  • Very few schedules list the names of the slaves

Collection Content

Sample Image

How Do I Search This Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the slave owner
  • The age of the slave
  • The state where the slave may have lived

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page

  1. Select State
  2. Select County
  3. Select Township or other division of county to view the images

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use slave schedules to identify the slave holdings of owners
  • Use the slave schedules with other sources to identify individuals and families who were slaves

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor

Record Finder

Consult the United States Record Finder to search other records.

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 ." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M432. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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