United States Census, 1820 - FamilySearch Historical Records
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United States Census, 1820
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag July 4, 1820 - July 3, 1822 (23 stars)|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Census Population Schedules|
|Record Group||RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census|
|Microfilm Publication||M33. Fourth census of the United States, 1820. 142 rolls.|
|Arrangement||Alphabetical by state, by county, by city, township.|
|National Archives Identifier||2353535|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Known Issues
- 7 Citing This Collection
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States taken August 7, 1820. The schedules are from NARA microfilm publication M33 Fourth census of the United States,1820 and is from Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. No schedules are known to exist for New Jersey. Index provided by Ancestry.com.
Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1820. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
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To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for United States Census, 1820.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Township, county and state where census was taken
- Name of head of household
- Number of free white males and females under age 10
- Number of free white males and females between ages 10-16
- Number of free white males and females between ages 16-26
- Number of free white males and females between ages 26-45
- Number of free white males and females over the age of 45
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Image[edit | edit source]
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
To begin your search it would be helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The approximate age of your ancestor
- The state where your ancestor lived
Search the Index[edit | edit source]Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
- Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
- Click Search to show possible matches
View the Images[edit | edit source]
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page
- Select State
- Select County
- Select Township to view the images
Note: The phrase "Not Stated" indicates the information wasn't present in the census.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at United States Census, 1820. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range
- Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records
- Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
- You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
- Search the indexes and records of nearby localities
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor
- There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census
- Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.
Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]
- An Act for taking the fourth census, or enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States for other purposes
- Census schedules, 1820
- Records of the 1820 census of manufactures
- Census of Michigan Territory, 1820
- Records of the Bureau of the Census (RG 29) population schedules of the fourth census of the United States, 1820, Indiana, v. 4 : Lawrence and Martin Counties
Related FamilySearch historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]
Related Digital Books[edit | edit source]
- The history and growth of the United States census : prepared for the Senate Committee on the Census
Known Issues[edit | edit source]
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.