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Union County, New Jersey Genealogy

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Union County, New Jersey ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


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Union County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Union County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
Location of New Jersey in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1857
County Seat Elizabeth
Courthouse
Address Union County Courthouse
2 Broad Street

Elizabeth, NJ 07207-2204
Phone: (908) 527-4966
Union County Website


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Union County is located in the region of the state. It was created in 1857. Elizabeth is the county seat. The county was named for The union of the United States, which was being threatened by the dispute over slavery.[1]


Union County, New Jersey Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1901 1857 1901 1857 1857 1857 1830
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1840. General compliance by 1920.

Union County, New Jersey Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories.


Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • 9 March 1857, created from Essex County. [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1860, received part of Woodbridge twp., Middlesex County as part of Rahway twp.
  • 1871, Essex County boundary clarified
  • 1871, Plainfield boundary with Piscataway twp. of Middlesex County changed
  • 1876, boundaries with Essex and Somerset counties clarified
  • 1882, Essex County boundary clarified and again in 1892
  • 1891, part of Millburn twp., Essex County to Springfield twp. and returned in 1958.

For animated maps illustrating New Jersey county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Jersey County Boundary Maps" (1683-1928) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NJGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NJGenWeb Archives
NJTombstone Project
NJInterment
EPodunk
Billion Graves
See New Jersey Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about denominations, view the New Jersey Church Records wiki page.


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories.


Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Jersey Land and Property for information about New Jersey Proprietary land records. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.


Maps[edit | edit source]

Essex CountyMorris CountyHudson CountyMiddlesex CountySomerset CountyStaten Island Borough (previously Richmond County)NJ UNION.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources



Migration[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

  • Goodwin, Aaron. "The Elizabeth-Town Associates: Signatures on the Original Answer, 1751," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 138, No. 3 (Jul. 2007):189-198. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 138.

Civil War

- 83rd Regiment, New York Infantry, Company K

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Union County, New Jersey Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Courtesy of the Plainfield Public Library:

Occupations[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Poorhouse, Almshouse[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Union County, New Jersey Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Union County, New Jersey Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page New Jersey Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Obtaining Copies of County Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Copies of recorded probate records and the estate files can be obtained from the surrogate's offices for a fee. Addresses of surrogate's offices are found in:

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. Revised Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 D27rb 1992.) Explains state-by-state history, vital records, census, background sources, periodicals, archives, libraries, societies, maps, land, probate, court, tax, cemetery, church, and military records. Includes county boundary map and table which shows when each county was created and the parent counties.

In addition, copies of the original wills, administrations, inventories, and guardianships sent to Trenton since 1901 can be ordered from:

Clerk of the Superior Court
Records Information Center
P.O. Box 967
Trenton, NJ 08625-0967
Phone: (609) 292-4978
Fax: (609) 777-0094

Online Probate Records

Repositories[edit | edit source]

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Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Union County,  New Jersey
Archives[edit | edit source]
Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Union County Courthouse
2 Broad Street
Elizabeth, NJ 07207-2204
Phone: (908) 527-4966

County Clerk has land records from 1857 and military discharge records from 1941. Clerk Superior Court has divorce records from 1848 and court records. County Surrogate has probate records from 1857. Town Clerks have birth and death records. [4]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Plainfield Public Library
800 Park Avenue
Plainfield, NJ 07060
Telephone: 908-757-1111
The Local History Department offers newspapers, city directories, local histories, church records, biographies, and more.
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

Union County Historical Society
116 E. Fourth Ave.
Roselle, NJ 07203
Telephone: 908-245-9010


Cranford Historical Society and Union Count Historical Society
38 Springfield Avenue
Cranford, NJ 07016
Telephone: 908-276-0082
E-mail:info@unioncountyhistoricalsocietynj.org
Website
Website

Hillside Historical Society
111 Conant St
Hillside, NJ 07205
Telephone: 908-353-8828

New Providence Historical Society
1350 Springfield Ave.
New Providence 07974
Website

Plainfield, Historical Society
602 West Front Street
Plainfield NJ

Rahway Historical Society
1632 St. Georges Ave.
Rahway

Springfield Historical Society
126 Morris Ave
Springfield, NJ.
Telephone: 973-912-4464

Summit Historical Society
90 Butler Parkway
Summit, NJ 07901
Telephone: 908-277-1747
Website

Westfield, Genealogical Society Of
550 East Broad Street
Westfield

Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

New Jersey tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page New Jersey Taxation.


Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the New Jersey Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. Original marriage records are usually held at the county Bureau of Vital Statistics.


Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

1606-1981 - New Jersey, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $

Union County, New Jersey Websites[edit | edit source]

Union County, New Jersey Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Union County


Union County, New Jersey Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Union County, New Jersey" in Wikipedia : the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_County,_New_Jersey accessed 23 September 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, New Jersey . Page 464-465 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 460.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, New Jersey page 465, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.