US Military Census Records
The federal censuses of 1840, 1890 (films, online index), and 1910 specifically identify veterans and pensioners. Some state censuses also have information about soldiers and veterans. The federal censuses of 1900, 1910, and 1920 include special enumerations of personnel serving at military and naval installations, ships, and hospitals at home and overseas.
- 1900 census: For a free online index to Armed Forces, click here. For more details see the Philippine Insurrection - Census Records Wiki page.
- 1910 census: military and naval, 1910 federal census: population schedules. (FHL film 1375797.)
- 1920 census: military and naval, 1920 federal census: soundex and population schedules. 20 rolls. (Soundex. FHL film 1831476–93; schedules film 1822040–41.)
The military and naval schedule includes name of military or naval station or vessel, country, seaport, company or troop, regiment, arm of service, rank, residence in the United States (state, city or town, street and number), in addition to the information provided on the population schedules.
Census Records by Conflict
- Colonial Wars, 1607 to 1763
- Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783
- War of 1812, 1812 to 1815
- Mexican War, 1846 to 1848
- Civil War, 1861 to 1865
- Indian Wars, 1780's-1890's
- Spanish-American War, 1898
- Philippine Insurrection, 1899 to 1902
- World War I, 1917 to 1918