Tuscarora Indians

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png Indians of New York Gotoarrow.png Tuscarora Indians

Guide to Tuscarora Indians ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.

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Tuscarora Indian, Oneida portraits.jpg

Ancestral Homeland: New York, New England states,Pennsylvania and North Carolina

One of the Five or Six Iroquois Nations

Tribal Headquarters

Tuscarora Nation
2006 Mt. Hope Road
Via: Lewistown, NY 14092
Phone: 1.716.622.7061
Fax: 1.716.297.7355


Brief Timeline

1711: Tuscarora War began when the tribe raided

1715: The Tuscarora Indians moved north and joined the Iroquois Confederacy

1722: Officially became part of the Iroquois Confederacy as the Sixth Nation

  • 1784 Treaty, October 22, at Fort Stanwix with The Six Nations
  • 1789 Treaty, January 9, at Fort Harmar, with The Six Nations
  • 1792  Treaty, with the Five Nations of Indians
  • 1794 Treaty,  December 2, at Oneida, with the Oneida, Etc.,
  • 1794  Treaty, with The Six Nations

1824-34: The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the Six Nations Agency

1832-34: The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the Michigan Superintendency

1835-80: The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the New York Agency

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Tuscarora tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.


Six Nations Agency

New York Agency



Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

Michigan Superintendency


The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1800 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Roll 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Roll 693




Tuscarora Six Nations Agency, 1824-34 Washington D.C. Roll 832 - - -
Tuscarora New York Agency,1835-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 582-97 - - 579700-579709
Tuscarora Michigan Superintendency,1832-34 Washinton D.C. Rolls 418-27 - - -

Military Records

A record of Native Americans Mustered into Service in theWar of 1812 from the Tuscarora Nation has been compiled by the New York Adjutant General's Office.


  • 1784 October 22, at Fort Stanwix with The Six Nations
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmar, with The Six Nations
  • 1792 Treaty, with the Five Nations of Indians
  • 1794 December 2, at Oneida, with the Oneida, Etc.,
  • 1794  Treaty, with The Six Nations
  • 1838 January 15, at Buffalo Creek with The New York Indians

Important Websites



  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published