Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
United States
Tuscaloosa County

Guide to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records. {{{link}}}

Tuscaloosa County, Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded February 6, 1818
County Seat Tuscaloosa
Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Tuscaloosa County Courthouse
714 Greensboro Avenue
Tuscaloosa, AL 35401
Phone: (205) 349-3870 County Website

County Information

Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1880 1823 1880 1823 1823 1823 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

County Courthouse

Probate Judge has marriage and probate records from 1823 [2]


The County was named in honor of the Choctaw chief Tuskalusa. The County has Dadeville as its seat and the County was created February 6, 1818. [3]The County is located in the west central area of the state.[4]


Parent County

1818--Tuscaloosa County was created 6 February 1818 from the Cherokee and Choctaw Cession of 1816.
County seat: Tuscaloosa [5]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

Besides many other ways record loss can occur, tornadoes have been common and sometimes very damaging.Tuscaloosa County has been no stranger to very damaging tornadoes in its history, and in April 2011 alone it was hit twice by damaging twisters in separate tornado events. The second one on 27 April 2011 was the most devastating, and some city and possibly county offices, mainly in the southern half of the city, were hit directly by that tornado.It is also possible that other places where one might look for records, such as funeral homes, also were damaged, as other reports about other tornadoes in the two April 2011 outbreaks reported many places of that type were directly hit and destroyed in other areas of Alabama and several surrounding states.

No government buildings were hit by the tornadoes of 2011.


Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Tuscaloosa County: [6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Dunns
  • Friersons
  • Hassell
  • Hickmans
  • Holt
  • Hughes
  • Jones
  • Kennedale
  • Marcomville
  • McDuff (Dobbs)
  • McMath
  • Mitchels
  • Mulenax
  • Parsons
  • Reese
  • Rickey
  • Smallwood
  • Smiths
  • Whitson
Ghost towns

Neighboring Counties




Cemeteries of Tuscaloosa, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Tuscaloosa county cemeteries.

  • Additional Tuscaloosa County cemeteries are included in Alabama Cemetery Records Vol. 1 at FamilySearch Books Online - free.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
Est. 2011197,21119.6%
For tips on accessing Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

State Census

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

The Tuscaloosa Genealogical Society has been involved in a long-term project to preserve and digitize 19th Century Circuit Court records. Books dating from 1822 and loose records dating mostly from the 1870s to 1950s are added monthly to http://seventhfloorrecords.com/. Indexes are also included on the site. http://seventhfloorrecords.com/

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2006. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at HistoryGeo.com ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.184 E7b.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.


FayetteWalkerJeffersonBibbHaleGreenePickensAL TUSCALOOSA.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Civil War

Civil War service men from Tuscaloosa County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Tuscaloosa County.

- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company D
- 5th Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company B
- 5th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H "Warrior Guards"
- 11th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G "North Port Rifles"
- 18th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E (Confederate Stars)
- 20th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K
- 32nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I
- 36th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D and K
- 41st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A, F and G
- 43rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D, H, I and K
- 50th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F, formerly Company D, 2nd Battalion
- 51st Regiment, Alabama Partisan Rangers, Company G

Online Records

World War I


Sellers, James B. Free Negroes of Tuscaloosa County Before the Thirteenth Amendment. Alabama Review. 23 April 1970: 110-27.

_____. Slavery in Alabama. University, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1950. FHL Collection  WorldCat


Finding More Alabama Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Alabama Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.

Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

Online Probate Records


Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Tuscaloosa County is in District 2.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth Records
Marriage Records
  • To 1825 Index to Marriages at Ancestry – ($); Index. contains over 12,000 names. Each entry includes groom, bride, marriage date, county, and state. Every name is indexed so you can search for one name, or two names that are linked.
  • 1821-1860, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry – ($); Index. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.

Death Records
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry – ($); Index. Volunteers extracted the details in this index from microfilmed copies of church, civil, family, and other records of Alabama deaths and burials. details vary depending on the original record. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.

Societies and Libraries


Tuscaloosa Genealogical Society
TGS Treasurer
P.O. Box 020802
Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35401


Tuscaloosa Library
1801 Jack Warner Parkway
Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35401
Telephone: 205-345-5820

Library collections include materials of local, state, and regional history as well as microfilms of the Tuscaloosa News. Limited research requests are honored; copy fees apply.

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

For information about the resources at Family History centers, see Introduction to Family History Centers.

Tuscaloosa Alabama Family History Center
2015 N 3rd Ave
Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States
Phone: 205-758-4820
Hours: T 6pm-9pm; W 9am-12pm, 6pm-9pm;
Closures: July 8 6-9pm;
July 14 6-9pm;
July 15 9-12noon;
July 28 6-9pm;
August 5 9-12noon;
August 11 6-9pm;
August 12 6-9pm

Family History Center Locator



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. Page 40 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 34.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tuscaloosa County p. 40. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Genealogy and History", http://genealogytrails.com/ala/tuscaloosa/ 6/27/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Tuscaloosa, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuscaloosa_County,_Alabama 6/27/2017.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Tuscaloosa County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuscaloosa_County,_Alabama, accessed 28 October 2018.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/4/4d/Igialabamatz.pdf.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/4/4d/Igialabamatz.pdf.