Trnava Region (Trnavský kraj), Slovakia Genealogy
Europe Slovakia Trnava Region (Trnavský kraj), Slovakia Genealogy
Guide to Trnava Region (Trnavský kraj), Slovakia ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.
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"The Trnava Region (Slovak: Trnavský kraj; Hungarian: Nagyszombati kerület) is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions. It was established in 1996, from 1923 Trnava Region districts were mostly part of Bratislava Region. It consists of 251 municipalities, from which 16 have a town status.Wikipedia  states it is the second most densely populated region in Slovakia." It is located in the middlewest part of Slovakia and forms a territorial band between the Bratislava Region and the rest of Slovakia, between Austrian and Czech borders in the north and Hungarian border in the south. This territory belongs to the oldest cultural areas of Slovakia. Many ancient archeological objects have been found in this area. The most famous is "Moravian Venus". It is more than 22 500 years old. Many nations have lived here: Celts, Germans, Slovenians, Hungarians.
- 1 History
- 2 Church Records
- 2.1 1. First search the indexed and online digitized copies of the church records.
- 2.2 2. If the records for either the parish or the time period you need are not in the online collections, try to find them in microfilmed records of the Family History Library.
- 2.3 3. Try contacting the regional archives that should have collected the records for Trnava.
- 3 Word Lists - Language Aids
- 4 Search Strategy
The town, along with the rest of the territory of present-day Slovakia, gained importance after the conquest of most of what is today Hungary by the Ottoman Empire in 1541.
In the 16th and 17th century, Trnava was an important center of the Counter-Reformation in the Kingdom of Hungary and the town became very important.
After the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, Trnava was one of the most industrialized cities of Slovakia.
During World War II, Trnava was captured on 1 April 1945 by troops of the Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front. After the establishment of Slovakia in 1993, Trnava became the capital of the newly created Trnava Region in 1996.
Church records are the prime source for information about the vital events in an individual's life. This information can be used to compile pedigrees and family groups. They identify children, spouses, parents, and often grandparents as well as dates and places of vital events. They establish individual identity and are excellent sources for linking generations and identifying relationships.
- Christening registers – infant's name, name and surname of father and mother, christening date (most also give the birth date); sometimes names of grandparents; names of godparents.
- Marriage registers – names of groom and bride, date of marriage, often include ages, residences, occupations, previous marital status, names of parents, sometimes the birthplace; names of witnesses.
- Burial registers–name of the deceased, date and place of death and burial, residence; sometimes cause of death, names of survivors, occasionally the date and place of birth.
In December of 1949, all church vital records were declared state property. In 1952 the state began centralizing all these records into state archives (štátné archívy). In many cases records as late as the 1940s have been placed in state regional archives. Registers more recent than those in the state archives are still at local city or subdistrict registration offices (matričné úrady). The Family History Library has copies of almost all birth, marriage, and death registers for the following religions: Catholic (the majority religion), Evangelical Lutheran, Reformed, Jewish, Greek Catholic, and Orthodox.
1. First search the indexed and online digitized copies of the church records.
- 1592-1935 - Slovakia Church and Synagogue Books, 1592-1935 at FamilySearch — index and images. The Slovakia Church and Synagogue Books Coverage Table will show which parishes are included in the index. Other parishes will need to be searched in browsable images, microfilms, or by writing to the local parish.
- 1592-1910 - Slovakia Church and Synagogue Books, 1592-1910 - at FamilySearch Historical Records — free, browseable images only, not complete for all localities.
- Slovakia, Church and Synagogue Books, 1592-1910, at Ancestry.com, index and images ($), not complete for all localities.
The following records include areas of Hungary that are now part of Trnava:
- 1895-1980 - Hungary Civil Registration, 1895-1980 - at FamilySearch Historical Records — free, index, not complete for all localities.
- 1895-1980 - Hungary Civil Registration, 1895-1980 - at FamilySearch Historical Records — free, browsable images, not complete for all localities.
- 1624-1895 - Hungary Reformed Church Christenings, 1624-1895 - at FamilySearch Historical Records — free, index, not complete for all localities.
- 1636-1895 - Hungary, Catholic Church Records, 1636-1895 - at FamilySearch Historical Records — free, index, not complete for all localities.
2. If the records for either the parish or the time period you need are not in the online collections, try to find them in microfilmed records of the Family History Library.
Currently, these microfilms are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a Family History Center near you.
To find a microfilm:
- a. Click on this link to see a list of records for Slovakia, Trnava.
- b. Click on "Church Records" topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
- c. Choose the correct event and time period for your ancestor.
- d. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. . The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.
In some cases, parish records were collected after the major filming effort. If records for your parish of interest are not microfilmed, next contact the archives to ask about the location of the records:
Štátny archív v Trnave
917 38 Trnava
Telephone: 033/ 551 11 80; 033/ 551 15 03
Fax: 033/ 551 15 03
Word Lists - Language Aids
- You do not have to be fluent in any foreign language to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary: born, married, buried, mother, father, husband, names of the month, etc. Names of people and numbers in dates don't have to be translated.
- Before 1918 the Slovak lands were part of the Kingdom of Hungary which, together with Austria, constituted the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Records written before 1918 may be in Hungarian, Latin, German, or Slovak. Slovak records often contain Hungarian, Latin, or German words.
- To help you read genealogical records see the following:
- Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the births of his brothers and sisters.
- Next, search for the marriage of his parents. The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
- You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
- Search the death registers for all known family members.
- Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
- If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.