Thayer County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Thayer County

Guide to Thayer County, Nebraska ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Hebron
Organized: May 9, 1871
Parent County(s): Jefferson[1]
Neighboring Counties
Clay  • Fillmore  • Jefferson  • Nuckolls  • Republic (KS)  • Saline  • Washington (KS)
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Nebraska highlighting Thayer County svg.bmp

County Information


The County was named for John Milton Thayer. The County has Hebron as its seat and the County was created 1871. The County is located in southeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Thayer County Courthouse
225 N. 4th Street
P.O. Box 208
Hebron, NE 68370-1549
Phone: 402.768.6126
Thayer County Website

County Judge has marriage, probate and court records.
Clerk District Court has divorce records.
County Clerk has land records.[1]

Thayer County, Nebraska Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1904 1871 1904 1870 1871 1871 1854
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in late 1904. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Thayer County, Nebraska:[4]

  • Alexandria
  • Belvidere
  • Bruning
  • Byron
  • Carleton
  • Chester
  • Davenport
  • Deshler
  • Gilead
  • Hebron
  • Hubbell

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Thayer County, Nebraska online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 6,113
1890 12,738 108.4%
1900 14,325 12.5%
1910 14,775 3.1%
1920 13,976 −5.4%
1930 13,684 −2.1%
1940 12,262 −10.4%
1950 10,563 −13.9%
1960 9,118 −13.7%
1970 7,779 −14.7%
1980 7,582 −2.5%
1990 6,635 −12.5%
2000 6,055 −8.7%
2010 5,228 −13.7%
Source: "".

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Thayer County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.


  • Records of St. John's Lutheran Church, Byron, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Thayer County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Clay CountyFillmore CountySaline CountyNuckolls CountyJefferson CountyJewell CountyRepublic CountyWashington CountyNE THAYER.PNG
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Early migration routes to and from Thayer County for European and African American settlers included:

Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Thayer - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


  • Davenport Public Library
    109 N. Maple Avenue
    Davenport, NE 68335
    Phone: 402-364-2147
  • Hebron Secrest Library
    146 N 4th St
    PO Box 125
    Hebron, NE 68370-0125
    Phone: 402-768-6701
    Fax: 402-768-6701
  • Deshler Public Library
    310 E Pearl Ave
    Deshler, NE 68340
    Phone: 402-365-4107



  • Thayer County Historical Society
    Thayer County Museum Complex
    110 9th Street
    Belvidere, NE 68315
    Phone: 402-768-2147
  • Thayer County Genealogical Society
    Box 388
    Belvidere, NE 68315


Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nebraska.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Thayer, Nebraska," in,_Nebraska accessed 8/22/2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Thayer County, Nebraska. Page 428-435 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 417-420.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Thayer County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 2 August 2016.
  5. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in Oregon National Historic Trail at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  6. National Park Service, "(Auto Tour Route) Maps" in California National Historic Trail at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  7. National Park Service, "Auto Tour Route Maps" in Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail at (accessed 18 July 2011).