Tennessee, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|Access the Records|
Tennessee, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Tennessee, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Compiled Service Records|
|Record Group||RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office|
|Microfilm Publication||M395. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Tennessee. 220 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||300398423|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What Is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can This Collection Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What Is in This Collection?
The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Tennessee. The records cover the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:
- Muster rolls
- Appointment books
- Hospital registers
- Union prison registers and rolls
- Parole rolls
- Inspection reports
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M395. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously known as Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. The collection covers the years 1861 to 1865.
The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
To Browse This Collection
|This collection contains searchable content in the NARA Catalog. They can be accessed by clicking on the National Archives identifier in the Record Description. Once inside the Catalog, click on the "Search Within This Series".|
What Can This Collection Tell Me?
Each file usually contains:
- Jacket name
- Soldier’s full name and rank
- Date and place where mustered-in for service and by whom
- Company and regiment in which served
- Age (often estimated)
- Length of time for service
- Type of records in file
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier
How Do I Search This Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The approximate age of your ancestor
- The company or regiment in which your ancestor served
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor. Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name
- Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life
- If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor’s service record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Use the estimated age to calculate a birth date
- Use the age and location of the military unit to find the soldier’s family in census, church, and land records
- Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct
- Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
- Search the indexes and records of nearby localities and military units
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
"Tennessee, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Tennessee." Database. Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2010. Citing NARA microfilm publication M395. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1963.
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.