Sweden Genealogy

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Sweden

Guide to Sweden ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Country Information

Sweden is a Scandinavian country bordering Denmark, Norway, and Finland.

Getting Started

Getting Started with Sweden Research

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Sweden Research Tools

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Sweden Clickable Map

Click on the map or the county list to link to detailed research instructions for each county. Click on the arrows next to County Name or County Code to order the list alphabetically.

Norrbotten CountyVästerbotten CountyJämtland CountyVästernoorland CountyKopparberg CountyGävleborg CountyVärmland CountyÖrebro CountyVästmanland CountyUppsala CountyStockholm CountyStockholm city and countySödermanland CountyÖstergötland CountySkaraborg CountyGöteborg och Bohus CountyÄlvsborg CountyJönköping CountyHalland CountyKronoberg CountyKalmar CountyBlekinge CountyKristianstad CountyMalmöhus CountyGotland CountySwedish Counties FSW.png
About this image
County Color County Name County Code
Blekinge K
Gotland I
Gävleborg  X
Göteborg och Bohus O
Halland N
Jämtland Z
Jönköping F
Kalmar H
Kopparberg W
Kristianstad L
Kronoberg G
Malmöhus M
Norrbotten BD
Skaraborg R
Stockholm B
Stockholm city and county AB
Södermanland D
Uppsala C
Värmland S
Västerbotten AC
Västernorrland Y
Västmanland U
Älvsborg P
Örebro T
Östergötland E


Provinces

The provinces of Sweden (called Landskap in Swedish) are political subdivisions based on cultural and geographical characteristics that many Swedes strongly identify with even today. Each province was unique from the others in many ways: such as spoken dialects, traditional clothing, and local social traditions. With such deep social and cultural roots associated to the provinces, it's not uncommon that immigrants referred to their origin in Sweden by the name of their province. They saw themselves as residents of a certain province rather than from Sweden. See Provinces of Sweden for a map and links.

Emigrants from large cities, however, such as Stockholm or Göteborg usually gave their origin by the name of the city.

Counties

With the Constitution of 1634, each Swedish Province (called Landskap) turned over its civil authority to a County administration (called Län in Swedish). Through the years some counties were added and others were dissolved. The above map represents the county structure as it was in the mid 1900s. It also matches the county structure used for the Swedish Record Collection in FamilySearch. See History of Swedish Counties and Swedish County Letter Abbreviations.

Districts

Parishes

More Sweden Research Strategies

Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first. Below are additional research strategy Wiki articles for Sweden.

More Sweden Research Tools

Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in Sweden.

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.

Research Tutorials

References