Sumter County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Sumter County, Florida ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Bushnell
Organized: January 8, 1853
Parent County(s): Marion[1]
Neighboring Counties
Citrus  • Hernando  • Lake  • Marion  • Pasco  • Polk
See County Maps
Courthouse
Florida Sumter Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Fl-sumter.png
Adoption
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for General Thomas Sumter, a general in the American Revolutionary War. The County is located in the central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Sumter County Courthouse
209 N Florida Street
Bushnell, FL 33513-9402
Phone: 352-793-0200
Sumter County Website

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage and land records from 1853, probate records from 1856, divorce records from 1900, court records from 1913 and delayed birth records 1943-1972 [3]

Sumter County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1943 1853 1899 1913 1853 1856 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

A courthouse fire in 1909 destroyed nearly all the contents.[5]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Sumter, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Sumter County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,549
1870 2,952 90.6%
1880 4,686 58.7%
1890 5,363 14.4%
1900 6,187 15.4%
1910 6,696 8.2%
1920 7,851 17.2%
1930 10,644 35.6%
1940 11,041 3.7%
1950 11,330 2.6%
1960 11,869 4.8%
1970 14,839 25.0%
1980 24,272 63.6%
1990 31,577 30.1%
2000 53,345 68.9%
2010 93,420 75.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing census records online, see: Florida Census.

  • 1783 - Spanish Census USGenWeb
  • 1821 - Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1823 - Census/Tax List Index USGenWeb
  • 1880 - Census African Born Blacks and Mulattos USGenWeb
  • 1885 - Florida State Population Census includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.
  • Federal Census Information from National Archives USGenWeb
  • State Census Information from Florida State Archives USGenWeb
  • Census of Pensioners Revolutionary Military Service USGenWeb

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page. List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

  • NARA Ships Passenger Lists - These passenger lists cover:
    • 1834-1897 - Immigration of Russians to the United States
    • 1/12/1846-12/31/1851 - Irish Famine
    • 1850-1897 - Germans to the United States
    • 1855-1900 - Italians to the United States

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Florida Territorial Land Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for most counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Marion CountyLake CountyPolk CountyPasco CountyHernando CountyCitrus CountyFL SUMTER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • Early Florida Newspapers at the Florida State Library USGenWeb

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes and Records

  • 1784–1990 - FamilySearch Florida Probate Records 1784-1990
  • 1810–1974 - Ancestry.com $ Florida Wills and Probate Records 1810-1974

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

The Villages Genealogical Society
2322 Wilton Way
The Villages, FL 32162
Phone: 352-751-6966
Email: info@vgsfl.org
Website

Florida Historical Society
435 Brevard Ave.
Cocoa FL 32922
Phone: 321-690-1971
Website

Florida State Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 940927
Maitland, FL 32794-0927
Phone: 407-494-3747
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, " Sumter County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia 04/26/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Sumter County Florida, County Courthouse, sumter county accessed 18 January 2020.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "sumter County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia accessed 12 February 2019.