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Sumter County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Sumter County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Sumter County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Sumter County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832
County Seat Livingston
Sumter County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Sumter County Courthouse
Washington Street
Livingston, AL 35470
Phone: (205) 652-2291 Sumter County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Sumter County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1888 1833 1881 1876 1825 1833 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Probate Judge has a few birth records from 1888-1918
marriage and probate record from 1833,
land records and historical voters maps [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named in honor of General Thomas Sumter, of South Carolina. The County has Livingston as its seat and the County was created December 18, 1832. [3]The County is located in the west central area of the state.[4]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1832--Sumter County was created 18 December 1832 from the Choctaw Cession of 1830.
County seat: Livingston [5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]


Sumter County had a destructive courthouse fire in 1901.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
  • Bluffport
  • Boyd
  • Brewersville
  • Brownstown
  • Derby
  • Dove
  • Dug Hill
  • Fair Oaks
  • Gaston
  • Hall Creek
  • Hamner
  • Hixon
  • Intercourse
  • Kinterbish
  • Lilita
  • McCainville
  • McDowell
  • Millville
  • Old Bluffport
  • Parker
  • Payneville
  • Persimmon Grove
  • Scratch Hill
  • Siloam
  • Ward
  • Warsaw
  • Whitfield
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Sumter County

Resources[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Sumter, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Sumter county cemeteries.

  • Additional Sumter County cemeteries are included in Alabama Cemetery Records Vol. 1 at FamilySearch Digital Library - free.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.

For tips on accessing Sumter County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Alabama, Sumter County Circuit Court Files - FamilySearch Historical Records

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Sumter County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Sumter County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2007. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.141 E7b.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Sumter County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

PickensGreeneMarengoChoctawLauderdale County, MSKemper County, MSNoxubee County, MSAL SUMTER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military [edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Sumter County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Sumter County.

- 5th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B
- 5th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F "Cahaba Rifles"
- 36th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A
- 40th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A and C

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Alabama Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Sumter County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Sumter County is in District 2.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]
  • To 1825 Index to Marriages at Ancestry – ($); Index. contains over 12,000 names. Each entry includes groom, bride, marriage date, county, and state. Every name is indexed so you can search for one name, or two names that are linked.
  • 1833-1838, 1847-1901, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry – ($); Index. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1847-1900 "Alabama Marriages, 1809–1920" at Ancestry – ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided. Containing about 150,000 records and the names of nearly 300,000 men and women.

Death Records[edit | edit source]
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry – ($); Index. Volunteers extracted the details in this index from microfilmed copies of church, civil, family, and other records of Alabama deaths and burials. details vary depending on the original record. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Sumter County Historical Society
p.o. Box 213
Livingston, Alabama 35470

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Hightower Memorial Library
630 Ave. A
York, Alabama 36925
Telephone: 205-392-2004

Ruby Pickens Tartt Public Library
201 Monroe St.
Livingston, Alabama 35470

Family History Centers
[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Family History Centre Locator

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Sumter County, Alabama. Page 37 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Sumter County p. 39. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Sumter County, Alabama Genealogy and History", 6/26/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Sumter, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 6/26/2017.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Alabama Counties: Sumter County in Alabama Department of Archives and History (accessed 16 March 2014).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Sumter County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 26 October 2018.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at

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