St Martin in the Fields, Middlesex Genealogy

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St Martin in the Fields

Guide to St Martin in the fields, Middlesex ancestry, family history, and genealogy: Parish registers, transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

St Martin in the Fields, Middlesex
The Parish of St Martins in the Fields.jpg
The Parish of St Martins in the Fields
Type Ancient Parish
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred Westminster
County Middlesex
Poor Law Union St Martin in the Fields
Registration District St Martin in the Fields
Records begin
Parish registers: 1550
Bishop's Transcripts: 1800
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Not created until 1858
Diocese London
Province Canterbury
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster (Abbey) Post-1699 - Court of the Archdeaconry of London
Location of Archive
Middlesex Record Office

Parish History[edit | edit source]


St. Martin-in-the-Fields is a parish, in the city and liberty of Westminster. The patron is the Bishop. Other churches standing within its boundaries included those listed below. St. Martin-in-the-Fields parish, stood in the city and liberty of Westminster. St Martin-in-the-Fields parish was one of about 13 parishes within the City. To view or print out an excellent and helpful list of all of the parishes and their attached chapels for the City of Westminster, visit the City of Westminster Archives "Parishes" page. [1]

Additional information:

The church of St. Martin's in the Fields is situated on the northern side of the western extremity of the Strand, and derives its name from being dedicated to St. Martin an Hungarian Saint, who was distinguished for his ferocity against the Arians, and its addition from its former situation in the fields.

The original church on this site is of great antiquity, as there are authentic records of the dispute between the abbot of Westminster and the Bishop of London, concerning the exemption of this church from episcopal jurisdiction. At the time of the Reformation the church was in such bad condition that Henry VIII had built a small church at his own expense, which being found not sufficiently capacious, was much enlarged in 1607 at the expense of Prince Henry and some of the nobility. At length after many expensive repairs, that building was taken down in 1721, and the first stone laid shortly after. It was finished, consecrated and opened for divine service in 1726.

'King George I who laid the first stone, gave the workmen a hundred guineas; and when the church was nearly finished he presented the parish with £1500 pounds for an organ.

'This church is remarkably handsome edifice of the Florida Roman or Italian style of architecture,designed by James Gibbs. The interior is richly ornamented and has a splendid appearance. 'This parish is supposed to have been abstracted from that of St. Margaret, Westminster. The advowson is a vicarage in the county and archdeaconry of Middlesex, in the diocese of London, and in the patronage of the Bishop of London.'[2]

The following churches at some point, stood within the civil parish of St Martin-in-the-Field by act of Parliament:

  • St Martin le Grand, Westminster - pulled down in 1548 [3]
  • St Matthews, Spring Gardens Chapel - 1731 [4]
  • St. Michael, Burleigh St. - 1848
  • St. John the Evangelist, Drury Lane - 1855

Resources[edit | edit source]

Church records[edit | edit source]

The parish registers of St Martin-in-the-Fields have been indexed and the christening and marriages data are available online at FamilySearch . Also, will be posting digital images of these parish registers with an index for all events including the burials, in the very near future. Pallot's Marriage Index, and Boyd's Marriage Index both provide a considerable portion of the marriages of this celebrated and 'fashionable' Westminster parish. Boyd's Marriage Index is available online at Pallot's Marriage Index, can be seen at (see table with links, below).

St Martin in the Fields Online Parish Register Images and Indexes

Images 1681-1926 findmypast[5] 1757-1915 findmypast[5] 1684-1856 findmypast[5]
1799-1811 Ancestry baptisms, marriages, and burials[6]
1813-1856 Ancestry[7] 1800-1834 Ancestry[8] 1813-1855 Ancestry[9]
Indexes 1550-1619 InternetArchive[10] 1550-1619 InternetArchive[10] 1550-1619 InternetArchive[10]
1550-1619 TheGenealogist[11] 1550-1619 TheGenealogist[11] 1550-1619


1550-1877 FamilySearch[12] 1550-1897 FamilySearch[13] 1550-1812 findmypast[14]
1681-1926 findmypast[5] 1550-1703 findmypast[15] 1684-1856 findmypast[5]

1757-1915 findmypast[5]

1800-1837 Ancestry[16]    

FamilySearch has recently cataloged into its Greater London collections, just about all of the City of Westminster parish and chapel registers of baptisms, marriages and burials in collections (about 65). These microfilmed registers are available for searching either at any of its 4,600 satellite Family History Centers worldwide, or through FindMyPast's scanned and imaged version of the City's registers--including St Martin-in-the-Fields.

Non-Conformists (All other Religions)[edit | edit source]

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Census and Inhabitants Lists[edit | edit source]

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.

1600s-1800 Occupiers of Houses[edit | edit source]
1634-1900 Rate Books[edit | edit source]
1666 Hearth Tax[edit | edit source]
1693-1694 Four Shilling in the Pound Aid[edit | edit source]
1755-1840 Land Tax[edit | edit source]

The Westminster, Poor Law and Parish Administration collection at findmypast includes St Martin in the Fields Land Tax records (1755-1840).

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Middlesex Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Cemetery[edit | edit source]

A 1940 survey of monuments and wall tablets in the crypt is available online.[17]

St Martin in the Fields Churchyard database at Find A Grave.

Poor Law Records[edit | edit source]

St Martin-in-the-Fields Settlement Examinations Index (1732-1775) is available online at the Westminster Archives website.

Before the formation of Poor Law Unions the workhouse for the parish was established. Refer to for history and free online searchable database 1680 - 1820 for the parish records.

The Westminster, Poor Law and Parish Administration collection at findmypast includes:

  • 1514-1840 - St Martin in the Fields, Examinations
  • 1574-1834 - St Martin in the Fields, Bastardy records
  • 1638-1802 - St Martin in the Fields, Apprentices
  • 1638-1871 - St Martin in the Fields, Paupers
  • 1660-1856 - St Martin in the Fields, Workhouses Further description.

On 29th April, 1835, St Martin's became a Poor Law Parish under the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. Its poor relief activities were then overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 24 in number.

In 1868, St Martin's parish was incorporated into the Strand Poor Law Union. The St Martin's workhouse was demolished in 1871 to make way for an extension to the National Gallery. Records are held at:

  • City of Westminster Archives Centre, 10 St Ann's Street, London SW1P 2DE.

Extensive holdings include:

  • Churchwardens' and overseers' minutes (1755-64, 1772-1892, indexed 1774-84, 1856-63);
  • List of churchwardens and overseers (1755-1856, indexed);
  • Churchwardens' and overseers' accounts (1598-1844);
  • Lists of the poor in churchwardens' accounts (1741-42, 1758-61);
  • Workhouse building minutes (1770-83);
  • Workhouse sub-committee reports (1817-22);
  • Workhouse admission and discharge registers (1725-29, 1741-1846);
  • Workhouse admission registers (1818-33);
  • Workhouse day books including admissions and discharges (1737-1826);
  • Workhouse selling books [forfeits of food in return for day out] (1826-35);
  • Workhouse building accounts (1770-1830);
  • Workhouse accounts (1725-50);
  • List of lunatics in workhouse day book (1744-48);
  • Lists of nurses and children (1762-3, 1768-9, 1779-95); etc.
  • London Metropolitan Archives, 40 Northampton Road, London EC1R OHB.
  • Holdings for St Martin-in-the-Fields workhouse: Admissions and discharges (1824-70); Births and deaths (1848-57); etc. Other holdings: Guardians' minute books (1836-68).

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848) Adapted. Date accessed: 22 January 2014.
  2. James Elmes, A Topographical Dictionary of London and its Environs (London: Whittaker, Treacher and Arnot, 1831). Adapted. Digitised by Google Books.
  3. Dunn, P.B, Guide to Ancestral Research in London. (Salt Lake City, UT: 2010)
  4. St. Matthew, Spring Gardens Chapel (redundant by 1885) Adapted. Date Accessed: 22 Jan 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 'Westminster parish records coverage,' Find My Past, accessed 27 March 2012. Indexed collection.
  6. London, England, Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812, courtesy: Ancestry (£). Described as St Martin in the Fields in Westminster Borough. Marriages from 1754 to 1812 are not included in this database. Partially indexed.
  7. London, England, Births and Baptisms, 1813-1906, courtesy: Ancestry (£). Described as Westminster St Martin in the Fields in Westminster Borough. Partially indexed.
  8. London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921, courtesy: Ancestry (£). Described as Westminster St Martin in the Fields in Westminster Borough. Partially indexed.
  9. London, England, Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980, courtesy: Ancestry (£). Described as St Martin In The Fields in Westminster Borough. Partially indexed.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Thomas Mason, A Register of Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials in the Parish of St. Martin in the Fields, In the County of Middlesex, from 1550 to 1619 (London, 1898). Digital version at InternetArchive.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 'London Parish Record Transcripts,' The Genealogist, accessed 10 March 2012.
  12. Batches C001452, C001453, C001454, C001455, C001456, C001457, C001458, C001459, C037211, C037213, J037212, J037214, K037212, K037214, P001451,see: Hugh Wallis, "IGI Batch Numbers for London including Middlesex (N-Z), England," IGI Batch Numbers, accessed 17 March 2012.
  13. Batches M001451, M001452, M001453, M001454, M001455, M001456, M001457, M037215, see: Hugh Wallis, "IGI Batch Numbers for London including Middlesex (N-Z), England," IGI Batch Numbers, accessed 17 March 2012.
  14. "Boyd's London Burials Index - places and counts," Find My Past, accessed 8 June 2011. Indexes adult male burials only.
  15. "Boyd's Marriage Index - Parish details by county,", accessed 12 June 2011.
  16. Pallot's Marriage and Birth Indexes, Guide to Parishes (n.p.: n.p., n.d.). FHL British Book 942 V25pm
  17. 'The church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields: Monuments', Survey of London: volume 20: St Martin-in-the-Fields, pt III: Trafalgar Square and Neighbourhood (1940), pp. 31-54. URL: Date accessed: 15 March 2012.