St. Louis County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States
Missouri
St. Louis County

Guide to St. Louis County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Clayton
Organized: October 1, 1812
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Franklin  • Jefferson  • Madison (IL)  • Monroe (IL)  • St. Charles  • St. Clair (IL)  • St. Clair (IL)
See County Maps
Courthouse
MissouriStLouisCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Missouri Saint Louis County map.svg.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The county was named for St. Francis River. The county has Clayton as its seat and the county was created October 1, 1812. The County is located in the east central area of the state. [2]

County Courthouse

St. Louis County Courthouse
41 S. Central Avenue
Clayton, MO 63105
Phone: 314-889-2041
St. Louis County Website

County Clerk has birth records 1877-1910.
Recorder of Deeds has marriage and land records.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records.[3]

St. Louis County, Missouri Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1877 1876 1883 1876 1876 1876 1830
Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1812 St. Louis County was created October 1, 1812 as an original county.
  • County seat: Clayton[5]
The separation was not official until a court case decided the issue in March of 1877. St. Louis County started separate record-keeping from St. Louis City in 1877. It was not until December 1878, however, that the county established a new courthouse in the new county seat of Clayton, Missouri.
County records from 1805-1876 are maintained by the City of St. Louis and records from 1877 are maintained by the county. Records from 1877 and 1878 are a gray area and may be in the city records. Many of these records are available at both the St. Louis Public Library (City) and the St. Louis County Library.

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in St. Louis County, Missouri:

History Timeline

Resources

  • St. Louis Public Library (St. Louis City) owns a large collection of books, periodicals, maps, and other miscellaneous materials that deal with the history of St. Louis City, and Library staff have indexed many previously unindexed books and materials on that topic. They also own a large local history card file, and a large vertical file consisting of articles clipped from local newspapers and other local publications.
    St. Louis Public Library Local History Indexes and Bibliographies
  • St. Louis County Library has a large collection of genealogical records for St. Louis City and St. Louis County in its Special Collections Department located at its main headquarters. The collection includes holdings from the St. Louis Genealogical Society as well as parish records from the Archdiocese of St. Louis. In addition to its holdings, the staff of the Special Collections Department has created indexes for many records including St. Louis newspapers as well as birth, naturalization, probate, and church records.
  • Missouri History Museum Library and Research Center has a collection of books, manuscripts, periodicals, newspapers, maps, and photographs including: Biographies, yearbooks, business and trade catalogs and military records. Their website has a searchable genealogy index that covers many of these collections.

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of St. Louis County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

For tips on accessing St. Louis County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

Catholic

Evangelical and United Church of Christ

Lutheran

Presbyterian
Fairmount Presbyterian Church, St. Louis

  • 1871-1875 Fairmount Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, Baptism Index 1871-1875. Batch C515742 at FamilySearch.[6]
  • 1871-1879 Fairmount Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, Marriage Index 1871-1879. Batch M515741 at FamilySearch.

North Presbyterian Church, St. Louis

  • 1850-1857 North Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, Baptism Index 1850-1857. Batch C515751 at FamilySearch.

Third Presbyterian Church, St. Louis

  • 1842-1850 Third Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, Baptism Index 1842-1850. Batch C515761 at FamilySearch.
  • 1843-1846 Third Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, Marriage Index 1843-1846. Batch M515762 at FamilySearch.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

African Americans

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for St. Louis County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • The Annals of St. Louis and a Brief Account of its Foundation and Progress, 1764-1928. 1929. [S.l. : s.n.]. Available online at FamilySearch
  • Annals of St. Louis in its Territorial Days, From 1804 to 1821 : being a continuation of the author's previous work the Annals of the French and Spanish period. By Frederic Louis Billon. 1888. St. Louis, Missouri : F.L. Billon. Available online at FamilySearch; InternetArchives
  • The Early History of St. Louis and Missouri : from its first exploration by white men in 1673 to 1843. By Elihu H. Shepard. 1870. Saint Louis : Southwestern Book and Pub. Co. Available online at FamilySearch; GoogleBooks
  • Heritage of St. Louis. 1964. St. Louis, Mo. : St. Louis Public Schools. Available online at FamilySearch
  • History of Saint Louis City and County. By John Thomas Scharf. 1883. Philadelphia : L. H. Everts & Co. Vol 1 available online at FamilySearch; Vol 2 available online at FamilySearch
  • A Souvenir of the Diamond Jubilee of St. Anthony Parish. St. Anthony Parish (St. Louis, Missouri). 1938. St. Louis : Blackwell Wielandy Company. Available online at FamilySearch

Maps and Gazetteers

Madison CountyMonroe CountySt. Charles CountyFranklin CountyJefferson CountyIllinoisMO ST. LOUIS.PNG
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Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments Civil War service men from St. Louis County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed of men of St. Louis County; men from St. Louis County also served in Illinois companies, which are included in the below list.

- 2nd Regiment, Illinois Light Artillery, Battery E.
- 10th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 16th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Company E.
- 43rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company A.
- 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 1st Regiment Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 10th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 11th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 12th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company A
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company F
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company L
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company G
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Compnay E
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 13th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 14th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company G
- 14th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 14th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company B
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company G
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company G
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 17th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 1st Regiment, Missouri Infantry (3 months 1861) (Union), BATTERY "B," 1st REGIMENT LIGHT ARTILLERY
- 26th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 26th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C

- 26th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 27th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 27th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 27th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Merrill's Horse) (Union), Company "L"
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Union),
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company G
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Light Artillery (Union),
- 2nd Regiment, US Reserve Corps, Missouri Infantry (3 months, 1861) (Union),
- 30th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 30th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 30th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 30th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 30th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company G
- 30th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 30th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 31st Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 32nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 33rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 33rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 35th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company G
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company G
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 40th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 4th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia Cavalry (Union), Company D
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 8th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 9th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- Engineer Regiment of the West, Missouri Volunteers (Union), Company A
- Engineer Regiment of the West, Missouri Volunteers (Union), Company D
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 1st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 10th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 14th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 14th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 14th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 16th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Abbreviations found in the Naturalization Records of St. Louis Court records

  • CCC for Court of Criminal Corrections
  • CCCC for Criminal Court
  • Cir for Circuit Court
  • Com Pl for Court of Common Pleas
  • Law for Law of Common Court

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as St. Louis County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

  • St. Louis Obituary index: Compiled from the St. Louis Post Dispatch Newspaper covering the years 1880-1930, 1942-1945, 1960-1969, and 1992-2009. Sponsored by the St. Louis Public Library.

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

See St. Louis County, Missouri Vital Records for information on St. Louis County vital records and their indexes.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

  • Florissant Valley Historical Society
    P.O. Box 298
    Florissant, MO 63032
    Website
  • St. Louis Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 43010
    #4 Sunnen Drive, Suite 140
    St. Louis, MO 63143-0010
    Phone: 314-647-8547
    Website
    Also:
9011 Manchester, Suite 3
St. Louis, MO 63144-2543
  • German American Heritage Society
    10 Maryland Plaza
    St. Louis, MO 63108
    Phone: 314-367-4303
  • German Cultural Society
    3652 S. Jefferson
    St. Louis, MO 63118
    Phone: 314-771-8368
    Website

Websites

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "St. Louis County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Louis_County,_Missouri, accessed 17 Sept 2018.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), St. Louis County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.