St. Louis City, Missouri Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
(Redirected from St. Louis City, Missouri)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to St. Louis City Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Information[edit | edit source]

St. Louis City, Missouri Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1825 1766 1825 1830 1766 1766

Independent City Courthouse[edit | edit source]

History  [edit | edit source]

St. Louis City predates the state of Missouri which was admitted to the union in 1821. St. Louis was the capital of the St. Louis district of the Louisiana Territory from 1805-1812 and the capital of St. Louis County of the Missouri Territory from 1812 to 1821. 

On August 22, 1876 St. Louis City voted to separate from St. Louis County and became an independent city in early 1877. Since St. Louis had been the county seat up until that point, it maintains records prior to separation for both the county and city. Records for the County starting in 1877 are maintained by St. Louis County

  • All records for St. Louis City (1805-present) are maintained by the City of St. Louis. 
  • All records for St. Louis County (1805-1876) are also maintained by the city.

For a more detailed explanation see St. Louis City and County Split

Many of these records are available at both the St. Louis Public Library (City) and the St. Louis County Library. 

Boundary Changes  [edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss  [edit | edit source]

For a list of record loss in Missouri counties see: Missouri Counties with Burned Courthouses

Places/Localities  [edit | edit source]

  • The Ramsay Place Names File (State Historical Society of Missouri) has information on historical place names in the city of St. Louis. Places from St. Louis City and County are listed together under St. Louis County.

Populated Places  [edit | edit source]

Neighboring Counties  [edit | edit source]

Resources  [edit | edit source]

Archives and Libraries  [edit | edit source]

  • St. Louis Public Library (St. Louis City) owns a large collection of books, periodicals, maps, and other miscellaneous materials that deal with the history of St. Louis City, and Library staff have indexed many previously unindexed books and materials on that topic. They also own a large local history card file, and a large vertical file consisting of articles clipped from local newspapers and other local publications.
    St. Louis Public Library Local History Indexes and Bibliographies
  • St. Louis County Library has a large collection of genealogical records for St. Louis City and St. Louis County in its Special Collections Department located at its main headquarters. The collection includes holdings from the St. Louis Genealogical Society as well as parish records from the Archdiocese of St. Louis. In addition to its holdings, the staff of the Special Collections Department has created indexes for many records including St. Louis newspapers as well as birth, naturalization, probate, and church records.
  • Missouri History Museum Library has a collection of books, manuscripts, periodicals, newspapers, maps, and photographs including: Biographies, yearbooks, business and trade catalogs and military records. Their website has a searchable genealogy index that covers many of these collections.

Cemeteries  [edit | edit source]

- See St. Louis County for additional St. Louis area cemetery resources. 

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 1,600
1830 4,977
1840 16,469 230.9%
1850 77,860 372.8%
1860 160,773 106.5%
1870 310,864 93.4%
1880 350,518 12.8%
1890 451,770 28.9%
1900 575,238 27.3%
1910 687,029 19.4%
1920 772,897 12.5%
1930 821,960 6.3%
1940 816,048 −0.7%
1950 856,796 5.0%
1960 750,026 −12.5%
1970 622,236 −17.0%
1980 453,805 −27.1%
1990 396,685 −12.6%
2000 348,189 −12.2%
2010 319,294 −8.3%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

Online Records[edit | edit source]
Catholic[edit | edit source]
Lutheran[edit | edit source]
  • The St. Louis County Library has a page that lists its available Lutheran resources including some Immanuel Lutheran Church and St. Paul's Lutheran Church records.
Evangelical and United Church of Christ[edit | edit source]

* With the priests name from a civil marriage record, this list can be used to locate a church marriage record which often contains more family information.

City Directories  [edit | edit source]

Court Records  [edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Naturalization  [edit | edit source]

Ethnic Groups[edit | edit source]

African American Online Resources in St. Louis:

History  [edit | edit source]

Land and Deed Records  [edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Maps  [edit | edit source]

Military History and Records  [edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War records for both the city and county of St. Louis are maintained by the city.

Online Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Taxation  [edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records (Civil)  [edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

See St. Louis City, Missouri Vital Records for information on St. Louis City vital records and their indexes. 

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Death Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

  • German American Heritage Society,
    10 Maryland Plaza,
    St. Louis, MO 63108;
    (314) 367-4303
  • German Cultural Institute,
    326 N. Euclid Ave.,
    St. Louis, MO 63108;
    (314) 367-2452
  • German Cultural Society,
    3652 S. Jefferson, St. Louis, MO 63118;
    (314) 771-8368

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites  [edit | edit source]

References  [edit | edit source]

  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 422-438. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992