St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States
Missouri
St. Clair County

Guide to St. Clair County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Osceola
Organized: January 16, 1833
Parent County(s): Lafayette[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bates  • Benton  • Cedar  • Henry  • Hickory  • Polk  • Vernon
See County Maps
Courthouse
MissouriStClairCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Missouri St. Clair County map.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The county was named for Arthur St. Clair. The county has Osceola as its seat and the county was created January 29, 1841. The County is located in the west central area of the state. [2]

County Courthouse

St.Clair County Courthouse
PO Box 525
Osceola, MO 64776-0405
Phone: 417-646-2315
St. Clair County Website

Recorder's Office has marriage records from 1855, marriages from 1855 and land records from 1867.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and probate records. [3]

St. Clair County, Missouri Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1883 1855 1883 1841 1867 1865 1830
Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss

1861 Courthouse burned in September 1861.

1864 Courthouse burned in November 1864. Probate Court records were destroyed.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1833 St. Clair County was created January 16, 1833 from Lafayette County. St. Clair lost land to Pettis County January 26, 1833 and attached to Rives County, until formally organized January 29, 1841.
  • County seat: Osceola[5]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in St. Clair County, Missouri:

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of St. Clair County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

For tips on accessing St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • The History of Henry and St. Clair Counties, Missouri. 1883. St. Joseph, Mo. : National Historical Co. Available online at FamilySearch

Maps and Gazetteers

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Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments
Service men in St. Clair County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in St. Clair County, Missouri:

- 60th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 16th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company I
- 23rd Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company A
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company B
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company C
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company D
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company E
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company F
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company G

- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company H
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company I
- 2nd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company K
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company C
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company G
- 5th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 5th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company L
- 5th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company M
- 5th Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company F
- 5th Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company I
- 60th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as St. Clair County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

  • St. Clair County Library
    Main Branch: Osceola
    115 Chestnut
    Osceola, MO 64776
    Phone: 417-646-2214
    Website

Museums

Societies

  • St. Clair County Historical Society
    660 Main Street
    PO Box 376
    Osceola, MO 64776
    Phone: 417-646-8455
    Email: stcchs@gmail.com
    Website

Websites

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "St. Clair County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Clair_County,_Missouri, accessed 17 Sept 2018.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), St. Clair County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.