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Australia Civil Registration

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{{Australia-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb | link1=[[Australia Genealogy|Australia]] | link2=| link3=| link4=| link5=[[ImageAustralia Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]}}  ''View the ''[https:Gotoarrow//www.familysearch.png]] org/ask/learningViewer/138 ''Australia BDM Civil Registration-Vital Records Index online tutorial''] ''from FamilySearch.''
Civil registration (vital) records were created by the government and include births, marriages, and deaths. They are commonly referred to as vital records because they pertain to critical events in a person’s life. They are an excellent source of information for names, dates, birthplaces, marriages, and deaths. These records may also include divorce records.
For birth, death, and marriage records before civil registration, read the [[Australia Church Records|church records]] article.
=== General Historical Background == Civil registration of births, deaths and marriages was introduced in England in 1837 but was not made compulsory until 1875.<ref>Chas. H. Wickens, "Messenger Prize Essay (1905)" (1909) 43 (1) '''Journal of the Institute of Actuaries''' PP 23-84 accessed via JStor lt;; accessed 15 July 2013, p. 38.</ref> As was often the case, the colonial legislators considered applying Imperial legislative innovations and began to pass their own laws establishing civil registration. However, the schemes implemented were ahead of the mother Parliament by requiring from the beginning '''compulsory''' civil registration soon after the event. The dates of commencement of civil registration in each colony/state and territory are: <ref>[ Deaths outside Tasmania] Government of Tasmanaia. LINC Tasmania, bringing together the State Library of Tasmania, Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office (TAHO), Adult Education and Online Access Centres. Accessed 15 Jul 2013.</ref>  {||-| [[Tasmania BMDs|Tasmania]] | 1838 | 1 Dec | <br>|-| [[South Australia BMDs|South Australia]] | 1842 | 1 Jul | <br>|-| [[Western Australia BMDs|Western Australia]] | 1841 | 9 Sep | <br>|-| [[Victoria BMDs|Victoria]] | 1853 | 1 July | <br>|-| [[Queensland BDMs|Queensland]] | 1856 | 1 March | ¶ Note 1|-| [ New South Wales ] | 1856 | 1 March | <br>|-| [[Northern Territory BMDs|Northern Territory]] | 1870 | 24 Aug | ¶ Note 2|-| [[Australian Capital Territory BMDs|Australian Capital Territory]] | 1930 | 1 Jan | ¶ Note 3|}
Note 1. Civil registration commenced in Queensland when it was still part of the Colony of New South Wales. The government relevant records were transferred to the control of each colony or state began keeping civil registration records as follows: the new Colony of Queensland at its formation in 1859.
*[[Tasmania BMDs|Tasmania]] 1838 *[[Note 2. Civil registration began in the Northern Territory when it was administered from Adelaide. Responsibility was taken over by the Commonwealth from South Australia BMDs|South Australia]] 1842 *[[Western Australia BMDs|Western Australia]] 1842 *[[Victoria BMDs|Victoria]] 1854 *[[Queensland BDMs|Queensland]] 1856 *[[New South Wales BMDs|New South Wales]] 1856 *[[Northern Territory BMDs|in 1911. The function was transferred to the Northern Territory]] 1870 *Australian Capital Territory 1911Government in 1978 when internal self-government was granted.
At first, civil Note 3. Civil registration required began in the clergy to make copies Australian Capital Territory from the creation of marriage, baptism, and burial recordsthe Territory. These records are known as civil transcripts of church records. Because churches were involved in early civil registrationAt first, it is difficult to clearly distinguish between civil registration and church recordsthe function was carried out by New South Wales until 1930 when the Commonwealth took over. Later, about 1856In 1988, the responsibility for civil registration function was placed in transferred to the hands Government of the Australian Capital Territory when internal self-government employees independent of the church. Civil registration then required people to report all births, marriages, and deaths to a civil registrarwas granted. <br>
<br> == State Registrars' Details and Costs of Certificates == *[ Australia: BDM registry details and certificate costs]  The table in the site lists the names and addresses of the Registrars of Birth, Deaths and Marriages in each state and territory of Australia and indicates the current cost of certificates. Please check the identification requirements before ordering certificates. Costs current as of 1 May 2010.  Indexes or transcripts of the original birth, marriage or death records may be online. Check there before ordering a certificate.  At first, civil registration required the clergy to make copies of marriage, baptism, and burial records. These records are known as civil transcripts of church records. Because churches were involved in early civil registration, it is difficult to clearly distinguish between civil registration and church records. Later, about 1856, the responsibility for civil registration was placed in the hands of government employees independent of the church. Civil registration then required people to report all births, marriages, and deaths to a civil registrar. == Information Recorded in Civil Registers ===
When civil registration first began, there was no common standard of recording information, so the information listed may vary from state to state. Later records generally give more complete information than earlier ones.
*Names of witnesses
*Surnames and forenames of parents
'''Divorce records''' may be a clue to search for a subsequent marriage and children:
*[ Public Record Office Victoria]&nbsp;Watch the video to learn how to search.
*[ State Records NSW]
*[ State Records of WA]
*[ Tasmanian Archives]
*[ South Australia]
*[ Queensland] A PDF outline gives the steps for divorce information
*[ Northern Territory]
*[ Australian Capital Territory]
'''Death records''' may provide the following information:
*Date and place of civil registration<br>
=== Indexes to Civil Registration Records === Indexes to Australian births, marriages and deaths may be found at at local, state, national and genealogical society libraries on microfiche and CD. Some Registrars' websites include free or fee-based index search facilities. Certificates may be ordered from the Registrar of the appropriate state or territory. Online ordering and delivery of certificates is available on some Registrars' web sites. Death information may also be obtained from inquests, wills, newspaper and other indexes.
Each of the several states in Australia have created indexes to their civil registration records. These indexes are on microfilm or microfiche and cover births, deaths, and marriages from the beginning of civil registration in the state to the present day. Where available, indexes can help you find your ancestor more easily.
New South Wales has an index to births 1788-1910, deaths 1788-1980, and marriages 1788-1960 available online at&nbsp;[ Registry records]&nbsp;.
Western Australia has online indexes of their civil registration beginning in 1841 at
A compilation of most of these Pioneer Indexes was produced by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in a set of four compact discs entitled ''Australian Vital Records Index 1788–1905''. It is available for purchase, except in Australia, through the Salt Lake Distribution Center, 1999 West 1700 South, Salt Lake City, Utah 84104-4233, USA and online,[ Vital Records Indexes].
=== Locating Civil Registration Records ===
Birth, marriage, and death records may be obtained from the state civil registration offices or archives in Australia.
Fisher MIC NEW South Wales Registry of Births, Deaths and<br>929.394 Marriages<br>1 NSW Registry of births, deaths and marriages<br>pre 1956 to 1905.<br>Sydney: W and F Pascoe 1982-<br><br>Internet:
== Ryerson Index == * "The Ryerson Index is an index to death notices appearing in current Australian newspapers. It also includes some funeral notices, probate notices and obituaries.  "Because the Index was originally created by the Sydney Dead Persons Society, it concentrates on notices from NSW papers. However, the representation from papers from other states continues to grow, with additional papers being regularly added, so that the Index can now truly be considered an Australian index....  "The index itself cannot by definition be considered a primary source of data, but is purely a research aid to direct the researcher to the original source of a notice."  == Colonial Tasmanian Family Links Database == The Colonial Tasmanian Family Links database is designed to provide an '''initial''' online genealogical research resource. It links individuals with other members of their families living in Tasmania in the 19th Century. The information about individuals is based primarily on records of births, deaths, and marriages and similar events, held in the Archives Office and the linkages have been developed by family historians associated with the former National Heritage Foundation in the late 1990s. The database contains approximately five hundred thousand entries.  *[ Colonial Tasmanian Family Links Database] <br>  == Records at the Family History Library ===
The Family History Library has microfilmed very few Australian civil registration records because the government has placed restrictions on public access to these records. By law, personal application must be made to the various state archives for copies of the certificates.
<span>To find civil registration records in the Family History Library, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library’s catalog at [ Catalog/frameset_fhlc.asp Catalog/frameset_fhlc.asp] under: </span>
'''Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:'''
*[[Australia Births and Baptisms (- FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia Births and Baptisms (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Australia Deaths and Burials (- FamilySearch Historical Records)|Australia Deaths and Burials (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] *[[Australia Marriages (- FamilySearch Historical Records)|Austrailia Marriages (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]][[Australia, New South Wales, Greenwich Family History Center Miscellaneous Genealogical Index Cards (Records - FamilySearch Historical Records)|<br>]] *[[Miscellaneous Australian Genealogical Records (- FamilySearch Historical Records]] ===Online Records===*'''1839-1938''' - {{RecordSearch|2514003|Australia, Tasmania, Civil Registration (District Registers), 1839-1938}} at [ FamilySearch]— index and images*'''1803-1933''' - {{RecordSearch|2125029|Australia Tasmania Civil Registration 1803-1933}} at [ FamilySearch]— index and images  <references />  {{Template:Pros-AU}}
[[Category:Civil Registration]]
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