Image : Gotoarrow. png]] Australia Civil Registration -Vital Records
Civil registration (vital) records were created by the government and include births, marriages, and deaths. They are commonly referred to as vital records because they pertain to critical events in a person’s life. They are an excellent source of information for names, dates, birthplaces, marriages, and deaths. These records may also include divorce records.
For birth, death, and marriage records before civil registration, read the [[Australia Church Records|church records]] article.
=== General Historical Background == =
government of each colony or state began keeping civil registration records as follows:
*[[Tasmania BMDs|Tasmania]] 1838 *[[South Australia BMDs|South Australia]] 1842 *[[Western Australia BMDs|Western Australia]] 1842 *[[Victoria BMDs|Victoria]] 1854 *[[Queensland BDMs|Queensland]] 1856 *[[New South Wales BMDs|New South Wales]] 1856 *[[Northern Territory BMDs|Northern Territory ]] 1870 *Australian Capital Territory 1911
At first, civil registration required the clergy to make copies of marriage, baptism, and burial records. These records are known as civil transcripts of church records. Because churches were involved in early civil registration, it is difficult to clearly distinguish between civil registration and church records. Later, about 1856, the responsibility for civil registration was placed in the hands of government employees independent of the church. Civil registration then required people to report all births, marriages, and deaths to a civil registrar.
= == Information Recorded in Civil Registers
When civil registration first began, there was no common standard of recording information, so the information listed may vary from state to state. Later records generally give more complete information than earlier ones.
*Names of witnesses
*Surnames and forenames of parents
'''Death records''' may provide the following information:
*Date and place of civil registration<br>
=== Indexes to Civil Registration Records == =
Each of the several states in Australia have created indexes to their civil registration records. These indexes are on microfilm or microfiche and cover births, deaths, and marriages from the beginning of civil registration in the state to the present day. Where available, indexes can help you find your ancestor more easily.
New South Wales has an index to births 1788-1910, deaths 1788-1980, and marriages 1788-1960 available online at
[http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/ familyHistory/ searchHistoricalRecords.htm www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory/ searchHistoricalRecords. htm] .
Western Australia has online indexes of their civil registration beginning in 1841 at http://www.bdm.dotag.wa.gov.au/_apps/pioneersindex/default.aspx
A compilation of most of these Pioneer Indexes was produced by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in a set of four compact discs entitled ''Australian Vital Records Index 1788–1905''. It is available for purchase, except in Australia, through the Salt Lake Distribution Center, 1999 West 1700 South, Salt Lake City, Utah 84104-4233, USA and online http://www.ldscatalog.com,[http://www.ldscatalog.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/CategoryDisplay?catalogId=10151&storeId=10151&categoryId=13703&langId=-1&cg1=13669&cg2=13701&cg3=&cg4=&cg5= Vital Records Indexes].
=== Locating Civil Registration Records ===
Birth, marriage, and death records may be obtained from the state civil registration offices or archives in Australia.
Fisher MIC NEW South Wales Registry of Births, Deaths and<br>929.394 Marriages<br>1 NSW Registry of births, deaths and marriages<br>pre 1956 to 1905.<br>Sydney: W and F Pascoe 1982-<br><br>Internet: http://www.caslon.com.au/registersnote1.htm
= == Records at the Family History Library
The Family History Library has microfilmed very few Australian civil registration records because the government has placed restrictions on public access to these records. By law, personal application must be made to the various state archives for copies of the certificates.
<span>To find civil registration records in the Family History Library, look in the Place Search of the Family History Library’s catalog at [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/
FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/ FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp] under: </span>
AUSTRALIA, [STATE]- CIVIL REGISTRATION
'''Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:'''
*[[Australia Births and Baptisms
(FamilySearch Historical Records )|Australia Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records )]] *[[Australia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records )|Australia Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records )]] *[[Australia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records )|Austrailia Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records )]][[Australia, New South Wales, Greenwich Family History Center Miscellaneous Genealogical Index Cards (FamilySearch Historical Records )|<br>]] *[[Miscellaneous Australian Genealogical Records (FamilySearch Historical Records )]]