<br>''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Alabama Genealogy| Alabama]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[ Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[ Indians_of_Alabama|Indians of Alabama]] '' <br>
Learn about the Indians of Alabama, information on the tribes and bands living in Alabama, the State recognized tribes, list of agencies, and links to available records
The word '''Alabama''' is from a Choctaw word meaning "thicket-clearer" or vegetation-gatherers." <br><br>
=== '''Tribes and Bands of Alabama''' ===
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Alabama has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [
http:// www. accessgenealogy.com/ native/ handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/alabama/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.
'''Tribes:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abihka Abihka],[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alabama_people Alabama,] [http://www.ehow.com/info_8620690_apalachee-indians.html Apalachee,] [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/apalachicola-tribe.htm Apalachicola], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscogee_people Atasi], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/chatot-tribe.htm Chatot], [[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee]], [[Chickasaw Indians|Chickasaw,]] [[Choctaw Indians|Choctaw,]] [[Creek Indians|Creek]], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/eufaula-tribe.htm Eufaula], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/fus-hatchee-tribe.htm Fus-hatchee], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/hilibi-tribe.htm Hilibi], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/hitchiti-tribe.htm Hitchiti], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kogi_people Ispokogi], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kan-hatki-tribe.htm Kan-hatki], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kealedji-tribe.htm Kealedji], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/koasati-tribe.htm Koasati], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kolomi-tribe.htm Kolomi], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/mobile-tribe.htm Mobile], Mukalsa, [[Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma|Muskogee]], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/napochi-indians.htm Napochi], [[Natchez Indians|Natchez, ]][http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/okchai-tribe.htm Okchai], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/okmulgee-tribe.htm Okmulgee], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/osochi-tribe.htm Osochi], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pakana-tribe.htm Pakana], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/pawokti-indians.htm Pawokti], Pilthlako, [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/sawokli-tribe.htm Sawokli], [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee,]] [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/taensa-tribe.htm Taensa], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tohome-tribe.htm Tohome], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tukabahchee-tribe.htm Tukabahchee], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tuskegee-tribe.htm Tuskegee], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscogee_people Wakokai], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/wiwohka-tribe.htm Wiwohka], [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/yamassi-indian-tribe.htm Yamasee], [[Yuchi Indians|Yuchi.]]
*'''Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes''' ([[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes|'''Dawes Commission''']]) In 1893 Congress established a commission to exchange Indian tribal lands in the southeastern United States for land allotments to individuals in [[Indians of Oklahoma|Oklahoma]]. More than 250,000 people applied to the commission for enrollment and land. Just over 100,000 were approved. The records include Applications for enrollment, Enrollment cards, and Letter logs. Indexes and images on line:
[http://go.fold3.com/results.php?category=dawes&links=0&xid=1153&vs=2 Fold3] [
http://www.archives.gov/research/native-americans/dawes/ intro.html National Archives]
*'''[[The U.S. Eastern Cherokee or Guion Miller Roll|Guion Miller Roll]]''' - Easter Cherokee In 1902 the Eastern Cherokee sued the United States to get the funds due then under the treaties of 1835, 1836, and 1845. In 1906, the court awarded more than $1 million to be split among the Eastern Cherokees. There were 45,847 applications filed, representing some 90,000 individuals.Indexes and Images on line:
[http://go.fold3.com/results.php?category=guion-miller&links=0&xid=1153 Fold 3]<br>[http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/native-americans-guion-miller.html National Archives ](Index)<br>[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/guion.php AccessGenealogy] (Index)
=== Alabama State Recognized Tribes ===
=== Some Important Historical Events ===
Most American Indians in Alabama were forced to go to the Indian Territory (now a part of [[Oklahoma Genealogy|Oklahoma]]) in the 1830s. A few remained in Alabama.
General histories with information about the events involving the American Indians in Alabama are:
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [
http:// nationalatlas.gov/printable/fedlands. html Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.
:[[Creek Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Creek Reservation]]
:[[Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama|Poarch Band of Creek]] - State, under jurisdiction of [[Choctaw Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Choctaw Agency]] Tribe: Poarch Band of Creek
Map - [
http:// nationalatlas.gov/printable/ printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/ preview/fedlands/AL. gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Alabama- Indian Reservations]- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
=== References ===
Records of American Indians can also be found in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
http:// tinyurl. com/ 7slagwq ALABAMA — NATIVE RACES]
=== Major Research Facilities for American Indian Research ===
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. [http://
picasaweb. google.com/ craingen/Surviving_Indian_Groups# Available online].
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [
http:// www. accessgenealogy.com/ native/ handbook_american_indians.htm Available online]. *Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America ''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991 . [http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/holland/micro/micrmaps.htm ISBN 1-55888-336-3] L of C E154.045 1990 *National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [ http:// nationalatlas.gov/printable/fedlands. html Available online].
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/alabama/index.htm Available online]. ([http://public.csusm.edu/nadp/swanton/ ISBN 0-8063-1730-2 ]L of C 2002117802)