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New York Land and Property

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''{{NY-sidebar}}''{{breadcrumb| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  link2=[[United States Land and Property|U.S. Land and Property]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  link3=[[New York , United States Genealogy|New York]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png| link4=|go to]]  link5=[[New_York_Land_and_PropertyNew York Land and Property|Land and Property]]'' }}
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 === Online Resources === *[ New York Indorsed Land Papers, 1643-1676] *[ Lords of Manors of New York, The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record at Internet Archive] *{{RecordSearch|2078654|New York, Land Records, 1630-1975}} Browse images only. *[ Landholders of Northeastern New York, 1739-1802] ($) *[ New York, Sales of Loyalist Land, 1762-1830 ] ($) index/images *[ Western New York Land Transactions, 1804-1824 ]($) *[ Western New York Land Transactions, 1825-1835] ($) *[ New York Land Records], by county *[ Bureau of Land Management Land Patents]*[ New York Will Books Testators Records], In the FREEFind box, type the last name first and put quotations around the name to search on the phrase, such as “Robertson John.” Optionally, add a town or county (“Robertson John” Worcester) to narrow the search.  == Early Land Records ===
There are few pre-1660 New York land records. Some records of earliest land grants during the Dutch period are in the following publications:
*Van Laer, Arnold Johan Ferdinand, translator. ''New York Historical Manuscripts. Dutch. Register of the Provincial Secretary''.<ref>Van Laer, Arnold Johan Ferdinand, translator; Kenneth Scott and Kenn Stryker-Rodda, editors. ''New York Historical Manuscripts. Dutch. Register of the Provincial Secretary''. Four Volumes. Published under the Direction of The Holland Society of New York. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1974.</ref> Volumes 1-3 contain translations of conveyances recorded in the minutes of the provincial secretary, 1638–1660. Gives name, date, and location of the patent. {{FHL|196619|item|disp=FHL book 974.7 H2vL v. 1–4}}.
=== Patents ===
A patent is a right to a parcel of land granted by the governor. A map and information about the larger patents can be found in:
Bowman, Fred Q. ''Landholders of Northeastern New York, 1739–1802'' (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983). Indexes patents, 1739–1775, and deeds and mortgages, 1764–1802, for the present-day counties of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Warren, and Washington. {{FHL|343454|item|disp=FHL book 974.7 R24b; film 1321009 item 8}}. [ Other libraries with this book].
=== Surveys ===
Surveys sometimes contain descriptions, proprietor's records, names of buyers, names of neighbors, and maps. These surveys and accompanying maps sometimes show settlers or occupants of property; most of the surveys were made prior to subdivision of patents or other tracts.
New York. Department of Transportation. ''Land Survey Field Notes, 1665–1927''. These are at the State Archives and consist of notes and maps of land surveyed as well as books of sale, cashbooks, and registers.
=== Secretary of State's Deeds and Mortgages ===
Some pre-1810 land sales between individuals were recorded by the secretary of state instead of a county clerk. Many are deeds in which one of the parties resided in another county, state, or country. Many are transfers between wealthy people. The deeds are not recorded chronologically. Deeds deposited with the Secretary of State are now at the State Archives.
==== Deeds ====
Deeds usually show buyer, seller, residence, and dates. Sometimes they show previous residence and give relationships.
*New York. Secretary of State. ''Abstracts and Indexes of Deeds''. Seven Volumes. {{FHL|634818|item}}, Family History Library films 947105–106 and 947114–15. These are handwritten ledgers indexing and abstracting the 43 volumes of deeds, years 1659–1846, giving volume and page references.
==== Mortgages ====
Mortgages establish when a family resided at a specific place. Mortgage information is found in:
*New York. State Comptroller. ''Bonds and Mortgages for the Sale of State Lands, 1797–1878''. 38 Volumes. (Not at Family History Library.) These are account books recording mortgage payments on land purchased from the state.
=== Manorial Records ===
A manor was a tract of land granted by the governor. In some cases, manors had their own courts and exercised civil and criminal jurisdiction over the tenants who leased land. Manorial records are used to establish a place of residence.
*The Viscount de Fronsac. "Lords of Manors of New York," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record'', Vol. 39, No. 4 (Oct. 1908):292-300. Digital version at [ Internet Archive] - free; [ New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 39}}.<br>
=== Military Bounty Land ===
New York granted military bounty land patents for service in the French and Indian War, and in the Revolutionary War, but did not grant lands to veterans of the War of 1812. Most French and Indian War grants were in the region of the upper Hudson River. In 1782, Revolutionary War veterans were issued land by lottery in the Finger Lakes region of central New York (28 townships in the present counties of [[Onondaga County, New York Genealogy|Onondaga]], [[Cayuga County, New York Genealogy|Cayuga]], [[Seneca County, New York Genealogy|Seneca]], [[Cortland County, New York Genealogy|Cortland]], [[Oswego County, New York Genealogy|Oswego]], [[Wayne County, New York Genealogy|Wayne]], [[Schuyler County, New York Genealogy|Schuyler]], and [[Tompkins County, New York Genealogy|Tompkins]]). Many men sold their grants and never settled the land. Before this, lands were made available in the Old Military Tract—located in present-day [[Clinton County, New York Genealogy|Clinton]], [[Essex County, New York Genealogy|Essex]], and [[Franklin County, New York Genealogy|Franklin]] counties—but few soldiers settled there.
*Pierce, Grace M. "The Military Tract of New York State," ''The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record'', Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jan. 1909):15-22. Digital versions at [ Internet Archive] - free; [ New York Family History] ($); {{FHL|161380|item|disp=FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 40}}.
=== Land Companies ===
Between 1786 and 1791, the New York Land Commission sold 5.5 million acres of western New York to speculators. Many settlers first obtained land from companies such as the Holland Land Company. The Hartford Treaty of 1786 gave Massachusetts the title to land in western New York but reserved political governance to New York.
Massachusetts sold this land, which ultimately resulted in three large tracts: theHolland the Holland Land Purchase, the Morris Reserve, and the Phelps and Gorham Purchase.
In 1791, New York sold a large area of northern New York to Alexander Macomb.
[[File:Holland Land Co holdings in NY & PA.png|right|400px]][[File:Monroe County New York Early Land tracts.PNG|border|right|500px]]
'''The Holland Land Purchase'''
This purchase included present Niagara, Erie, Chautauqua, and Cattaraugus counties and the western parts of Allegany, Wyoming, Genesee, and Orleans counties.
The Holland Land Company surveyed the land and then sold it to individualsfrom 1801 to 1840. The records are described in Wilhelmina C. Pieterse's ''Inventory of the Archives of the Holland Land Company. 1789–1869'' (Amsterdam, Netherlands: Municipal Printing Office of Amsterdam, 1976; Family History Library book 974 R2p; film 1421412 item 2, {{FHL|266830|item}}.
A partial index to the collection is Karen E. Livsey, ''Western New York Land Transactions, 1804–1835: Extracted from the Archives of the Holland Land Company'', Two Volumes. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1991, 1996; Family History Library book 974.7 R28L, {{FHL|382438|item}}. This record indexes land tables (company accounts) and is useful for finding someone in a particular place at a particular time.
The collection is at the [[Stadsarchief Amsterdam|Municipal Archives of Amsterdam ]] and on microfilm at the [[New York State Library]], the [[SUNY Fredonia Reed Library|Daniel E. Reed Library at the State University of New York at Fredonia]], the [[Library of Congress]], and the [[New York Public Library]].
The largest single set of Holland Land Company records at the Family History Library is the Van Eeghen collection, Holland Land Company Records (Family History Library 202 microfilms).
A history of the Holland purchase is Wyckoff, William, ''The Developer's Frontier: The Making of the Western New York Landscape''(New Haven, Connecticut and London, England: Yale University Press, 1988; Family History Library book 974.7 E3w, {{FHL|675325|item}}.
'''The Phelps and Gorham Purchase'''<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1293645131234_257" />
This purchase included Ontario, Yates, and Steuben counties; the eastern portions of present Monroe and Livingston counties; the western parts of Wayne and Schuyler counties; and part of Allegany County.&nbsp;It was purchased by Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham. The Phelps and Gorham Papers are located at the New York State Library.
'''The Macomb Purchase'''
The Macomb Purchase was made in 1791<ref>Dill, David Jr. "Portrait of an Opportunist: The Life of Alexander Macomb." Watertown Daily Times. 9, 16, 23 September 1990. (, accessed 29 December 2010)</ref>. This four-million-acre tract included all of modern Lewis County; most of modern St. Lawrence, Franklin, and Jefferson counties; and parts of Oswego and Herkimer counties.
=== County Land Records ===
'''Deeds and Mortgages'''. After land was transferred from the proprietors to individual owners, county clerks were to record subsequent transactions. Sadly, in many cases the deeds were never recorded. Some colonial deeds were, however, recorded in town records.
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