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Indians of Utah

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''{{UT-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Utah Genealogy|Utah]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] link2=[[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] | link3=[[Image:Gotoarrow.pngUtah, United States Genealogy|Utah]] | link4=| link5=[[Indians_of_Utah|Indians of Utah]]'' {{Click|Image:AI_ORP.png|American Indian Online Genealogy Records|right}}{{TOC left}}
{{TOC left}}{{Click|Image:AI_ORP.png|American Indian Online Genealogy Records|center}} Learn about the tribes and bands, history, agencies, records and reservations of Utah .
Utah is a Ute word meaning ''People of the mountains''.
If you believe your family has Indian ancestry, first identify a specific time period and locality for your ancestor by using other Utah and United States records. Knowing and studying the history of a tribe is vital in finding available records. Many tribes have been or are found in Utah.
The State of Utah maintains a web site which provides a summary [ history History of the Indian tribes of Utah].
=== Tribes and Bands of Utah ===
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Utah has been compiled the following:
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [httphttps://wwwarchive.accessgenealogy.comorg/nativedetails/handbook_american_indians.htm handbookamindians02hodgrich Available online].</ref>
*Swanton, John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton, John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [ Available online]; {{FHL|1121826|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 S24i}}</ref>
*Cuch, Forrest. ''A History of Utah's American Indians''<ref>Cuch,Forrest S. ed. ''A History of Utah's American Indians''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Utah State Division of Indian Affairs c2000 {{WorldCat|45321868|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1054270|item|disp=FHL book 970.1 C892h}}.</ref>
*[[Bannock Indians|Bannock]]
*[[Goshute Indians|GosiuteGoshute]]
*[[Navajo Indians|Navajo]]
*[[Paiute Indians|Paiute]] (Southern)
*[[Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation, Utah|Shoshoni Shoshone]](Western, Eastern, and Northern) *[[Ute Indians|Ute]] (Northern, Southern, Mountain) [[Image:Ute Sarah Winnemucca -Paiute writer and lecturer.jpg|thumb|right|Ute Sarah Winnemucca -Paiute writer and lecturer.jpgleft]]
*Wiminuche Band of Utes
=== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs BIA ===
[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.
A brief history of each agency and an explanation of the availability of at least some records for each are listed on the page for the agency.
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*[[Carson Valley Indian Agency (Nevada)|Carson Valley Agency]]
*[[Fort Bridger Indian Agency (Wyoming)|Fort Bridger Agency]]
*Family Records of Uintah and Whiteriver Utes, 1867–1948. Two Volumes. N.p., 1958. {{FHL|1035932 item 3}}. The family group sheets are arranged alphabetically and also found by an index. The degree of Indian blood and tribe, parents, and spouses are listed.
===Allotment Records===
Allotted Tribes of Utah
•Uintah and Ouray Reservation, Uncompahgre
=== Church and Cemetery Records ===
*''Records of the Baptisms of the Indians in Grass Valley in 1875''. N.p., 19--? {{FHL|982289 item 5}}. Grass Valley is now known as Koosharem, Sevier County, Utah. The book and film have a typed list and a photocopy of the original baptisms. The names of the American Indians and the person who baptized and confirmed them are listed along with the date of baptism.
*Office of Indian Affairs-Utah Superintendency M834Family M834 Family History Library{{FHL|75709|title-id|disp=films 1025139 and 1025140}}.
*Census of St. George 1895-1905 Salt Lake Special___________
*Intermountain Inter mountain Indian School 1950-1951 Family History Library {{FHL|266493|title-id|disp=film1205530 Item 2}}
=== Censuses ===
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for several Indian groups in Utah. Some were associated with reservations and agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of the information in this census for Indian individuals and families were recorded on [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]]. In some cases, information for Indians were filed by the Bureau of Census along with the general population schedules for non-Indian residents. Separate districts exist for the Southern Utah Agency and for the Uintah and Ouray Agency. Schedules for groups not listed as separate districts exist for Shoshone Indians in Portage Precinct, Box Elder County, Utah and for Santa Clara Precinct, Washington County, Utah.
The 1900, 1910, and 1920 U.S. population censuses enumerated American Indians associated with reservations or agencies. These censuses are found in the population schedules of the federal census. The [[Utah Census|Utah Census]] page explains these records.  ==== Online Census Records ==== *'''1910''' - {{RecordSearch|2573753|Utah, Uintah County, Ute Indian Census, 1910}} at [ FamilySearch] — index*'''1944''' - {{RecordSearch|2790462|United States, Native American, Census of the Ute Tribe, 1944}} at [ FamilySearch] — index
=== Genealogy ===
Several sources include genealogies of the American Indians. These genealogies provide information about parents and other ancestors. Individuals and societies have gathered genealogies. One example is:
*Curry, Rex D. ''Indian Genealogical Records, 1835–1946''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1981. (Family History Library{{FHL|270353|title-id|disp=film 1033685 item 6}}). The names of the families are arranged in alphabetical order. The record includes name, tribe, birth and death information, and degree of Indian blood. The names of parents, spouse, and children are included with their birth and death information.
=== History ===
1853 [ Fountain Green Massacre] Ute Indians of Sanpitch attacked and killed four men: William Reed, James Nelson, William Luke and Thomas Clark.
1857 [ Mountain Meadows Massacre] Arkansas emigrants (120 individuals)and a few Missourians, attacked, most were killed, by pioneers and Indians. See Senate Executive Document 42, 36th Congress, 1st Session
1860 [ Pyramid Lake War], Utah Territory Washoe Indian War involved Northern Paiutes, Shoshone and Bannock against the United States
30 July 1963 [ Treaty of Box Elder] between the Northwestern Shoshone and the U.S. Government.
1865-1867 [ Black Hawk War] It is estimated 150 battles, skirmishes, raids and military engagements between MormonsLatter-day Saints, settlers and the Ute, Paiute, Apache, and Navajo tribes lead by [ Chief Antonga Black Hawk]
1866[ Pipe Springs]; [ Dr. James Montgomery Whitmore] and his brother-in-law Robert McIntyre Killed by Indians
1879 Indian agent, N. C. Meeker and others were killed at the White River Agency in western Colorado
March 1923 [ The Posey War], the Last Indian uprising - during the relocation of Ute and Paiute Indians from Bluff, (San Juan County) Utah to Navajo Mountain. Indians led by Chief Posey and Chief Polk. United States led by Hugh L. Scott and Charles Mabey.Included Ute Mountain Incident, Battle of Cottonwood Gulch, and Surrender at Mexican Hat. <br>
A History of Utah's American Indians.FHL book 970.1 C892h
<br> You may need to begin by learning some history of Utah Indian reservations. Two sources are:
The following list of Indian Schools in Utah has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.
*[[Intermountain Indian School (Utah)|Intermountain Indian School&nbsp;]] (Family History Library has some rec)
*Panquitch School
*San Juan School
=== Reservations ===
From the mid-1800s1800's, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
For a current reservation map -&nbsp;[http pdf Utah-Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
[ American Indian Reservations and Other Indian Trust Lands] BIA Western Region Map: Utah, Arizona, and Nevada
<br>The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.
*Corn Creek Reservation 1856-1869:
*White Mesa Ute Reservation:
=== Utah Superintendency (1850 to -1870) ===
American Indians living in Utah were administered by the Utah Superintendency of the United States Office of Indian Affairs from 1850 to 1870. Copies of records for the Utah Superintendency from 1853 to 1870 are at the National Archives—Denver Branch, and the Family History Library.
*United States. Office of Indian Affairs, Utah Superintendency. ''Records of the Utah Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1853–1870''. National Archives Microfilm Publication, M0834. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1971. {{FHL|Film 1025139}} to {{FHL|film 1025140}}. The record is arranged chronologically and does not have an index. The second film, "Miscellaneous Records," includes names of American Indians.
'''Records Created by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) (1870-present)'''
In 1870, BIA agencies replaced the Utah Superintendency. The largest agency in Utah is as follows:
*[ Uintah and Ouray Reservation] Uintah and Ouray Tribal Business Council P.O. Box 190 Fort Duchesne, UT 84026 Telephone: 801-722-5141 Fax: 801-722-2374 [http://wwwilovehistory.onlineutahutah.comgov/uintah-ourayreservationhistorytime/stories/uintah_reservation.shtml html History of Uintah-Ouray Indian Reservation, Utah]
Other agencies serving Utah's American Indians are the Southern Paiute Field Station in Utah, Western Navajo and Shiprock in Arizona, Fort Hall in Idaho, Elko in Nevada, and Ute Mountain in Colorado. Their addresses are found in:
The Family History Library has copies of some agency records. Two examples of agency records are:
*United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Uintah and Ouray Agency. ''Vital Records of the Ute Indians to 1946''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1953. (Family History Library {{FHL|film 01763}} to {{FHL|film 01769}}. The record is alphabetically arranged by family name. It gives degree of Indian blood, tribe, birth and death dates, parents' names with their birth and death dates, and siblings' birth, death, and marriage information. *United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. ''Indian Census Rolls'', Fort Hall, Utah 1883–1939. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0595. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1965. Family History Library {{FHL|film 576493}} to {{FHL|film 576499}}. This record covers Bannock tribes from 1885 to 1939. It is arranged into family units and gives sex, age, and family relationship information. The Indian and English names are also listed.
Major James McLaughlin was assigned to the American Indians in Utah for many years. His correspondence and documents contain many records about the Navajos and the Utes. The papers are found in the following:
*McLaughlin, James. ''Major James McLaughlin Papers, 1855–1937''. Richardton, North Dakota: Assumption Abbey Archives, 1968. (On 39 microfilm rolls at the Family History Library beginning with {{FHL|film 494467}}). These records include enrollments, school records, absentee Indians, and censuses. Two rolls of films index the collection. The indexes are on films 541379–80 and contain more than a hundred cards about Utah.
=== Other Repositories ===
*Utah. State Board of Education. Research and Planning. Navajo archives, chronological index, ca. 1835-1977 Microfilm of original materials at the Navajo Archives, now located in the Edge of the Cedars Museum, Blanding, Utah. Card file index to published government documents, unpublished archival material, material from the tribal archives at the Navajo Tribal Museum, material from the Utah State Commission on Indian Affairs, maps, photographs, oral history and clip file. Cards are arranged chronologically by the above sections. Material indexed dates from approximately 1835-1977. FHL Films 1670771 item 3, 1670769 item 8, and 1665840
*Utah. State Board of Education. Research and Planning. Navajo Tribal Museum Archives, 1832-1966: Indian Papers. FHL Films 1665840 and Tribal Museum Archives, 1832-1966 1670770
=== FamilySearch Wiki and Catalog ===
Agency records and tribal records are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog in the ''Places'' search under:
*'''[*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Utah+Native+Races&prekeyword=Utah+Native+Races UTAH - NATIVE RACES]''' Also, look under the ''Subject'' search for the name of the tribe, such as:  :'''NAVAJO INDIANS<br>PAIUTE INDIANS<br>UTE INDIANS'''<br> Additional records may be in the ''Subject'' search under:<br>  :'''INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA {{FHL|351217|subject- UTAH''' id|disp=== See Also === ''Native Peoples A to Z''. by Frank H. Gille. Santa Barbara, Ca.: Native Peoples PressUnited States, C. 2000 (available through University of Utah, Brigham Young University, Weber State University, University of Denver, University of Nevada, and University of Great Falls).[ WorldCat]  ''The Encyclopedia of Utah'Native races}}'. St. Clair Shores, Mich: Somerset Publishing C 2001 (available through University of Utah, Brigham Young University, Weber State University, Utah State University, and Dixie State University)  [ WorldCat]  ''Encyclopedia of Utah Indians''. ISBN-13: 9780403097838  [[Utah Church Records|Church Record]] are a good place to search for other types or records. This section will describe what type of records are available for Utah.  [[Utah History|History]] section will give history of the dealings with the state of Utah and the Indians. As well as the histories books and websites that will go into depth with the history of the Indians.
LDS Church Records if Also, look under the ''Subjects'' search for the Indians joined name of the Mormon Churchtribe, try looking through this section for other ideas of research. such as:
[[Utah Military Records|Military]] has a list of forts dealing with the Indian time period as well as the Indian Wars. :*'''Navajo Indians'''<br> :*'''Paiute Indians'''<br> :*'''Ute Indians'''<br>
=== Web Sites ===Additional records may be in the ''Subjects'' search under:<br>
{{AIDCright}} :*'''Indians of North America - Utah'''
*[] *[] *[] *[] *[ AAA Native] web site=== For Further Reading ===
=== Bibliography ===See also '''[[American Indian For Further Reading]]'''.
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011"Forrest S. Cuch, National Archives Microfilm Publicationsand David Begay, Appendix. *''A History of Utah's American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications.''. Washington DC(Salt Lake City: National Archives Trust Fund BoardUtah State Division of Indian Affairs, National Archives and Records AdministrationUtah State Division of History, 19982000). {{WorldCat|708059539}} {{FHL|1054270|item|disp=FHL Book 970. 1 C892h}} *HillFrank H. Gille, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating Native Peoples A to American IndiansZ''(Santa Barbara, Ca. Washington DC: National Archives and Records ServiceNative Peoples Press, General Services Administration, 19812000). {{WorldCat|44572341}}. *Hill, Edward E. ''The Office Encyclopedia of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical SketchesUtah''. New York(St. Clair Shores, New YorkMich: Clearwater Somerset Publishing Company, Inc2001)., 1974{{WorldCat|47076952}}. *''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office Encyclopedia of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105. *Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Utah Indians North of Mexico''(St. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian InstitutionClair Shores, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [httpMich:// Available online]. *Isaacs. Katherine M.Somerset Publishing, editor2001). ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''{{WorldCat|47068235}}. U{{Click|Image:AI_ORP.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of png|American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991. Online Genealogy Records|right}} *National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [httphttps://wwwutahindians.nationalatlas.govorg/printablearchives/images/pdf/fedlands/UT.pdf Available onlineUtah American Indian Digital Archive]. *''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepagesilovehistory.genealogyutah.rootsweb.ancestry.comgov/people/~texlancefirst_peoples/recordstribes/bia(dc)intro.htm Available onlineUtah's American Indian Tribes] *Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [ Available online]. *Cuch,Forrest S., ''A History of Utah's American Indians.'' Utah State DIvision of Indian Affairs, Utah State DIvision of History. Salt Lake City, Utah., 2000 [[/en/index.php?title=Special:BookSources&isbn=0913738484|ISBN 0-913738-48-4Tribes]]{{FHL|1054270|item|disp=FHL book: 970.1 C892h}}
=== References ===
<references />
{{American Indian}} {{Utah|Utah}} {{-}} </div>
[[Category:UtahIndian Tribes]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
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