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From the Norman Conquest to 1660, strict legal theory meant that all land in [[England_Land_and_Property|England was either held by the King or held of the King “in fee.” Land was held in this manner either directly, as Tenant-in-Chief, or indirectly, by a mesne tenant. When a deceased person’s land was thought to be held directly from the king, an inquest was convened to inquire into the identity and extent of the land at the time of death, by what rents and services they were held, and the name and age of the next heir. If there was no heir, the land escheated (reverted) to the crown. If the heir was under aged, the crown claimed rights of wardship and marriage over the lands and the heir until the heir came of age. In the case of an adult heir, livery of seisin of lands was granted on performance of homage to the King and payment of reasonable fine, also called a relief. The heir was the oldest male child. In the event there was no male child, the property may have been divided equally among the daughters.Property]]
In general, when a tenant-Research use: Inquisitions Post Mortem are one of the major sources in-chief died, the lands reverted to a special official of the King, called an escheator (at first there were only two) and an inquisition was calledMedieval time period. A draft of the information was given They are used to the escheator by lawyers acting for the family. The escheator summoned juries show relationship of free men in each of the districts where the land(s) in question were located in order individuals to ascertain by sworn testimony certain facts about the estates their parents and also list individual tenants living on the heir. The escheator acted sometimes through his own authority, but usually through a writ from Chancerymanor or estate.
These records began about 1235 and end From the Norman Conquest to 1660, strict legal theory meant that all land in England was either held by the King or held of the King “in fee.” Land was held in this manner either directly, as Tenant-in 1660-Chief, or indirectly, by a mesne tenant. They name When a deceased person’s land was thought to be held directly from the deceasedking, an inquest was convened to inquire into the identity and extent of the date land at the time of death (seldom before 1342), described the propertyby what rents and services they were held, and gave the name and age of the next heir. If there was no heir , the land escheated (if one was namedreverted)to the crown. The user should be cautioned that not all If the heir was under aged, the crown claimed rights of wardship and marriage over the lands and the heir until the information is reliableheir came of age. Some In the case of an adult heir, livery of seisin of lands was granted on performance of homage to the King and payment of these records are calendaredreasonable fine, also called a relief. The heir was the oldest male child. Some In the event there was no male child, the property may have been transcribed and printeddivided equally among the daughters.
'''Bibliography'''<br>''In general, when a tenant-in-chief died, the lands reverted to a special official of the King, called an escheator (at first there were only two) and an inquisition was called. A Dictionary draft of Genealogy'' the information was given to the escheator by Terrick Vlawyers acting for the family.HThe escheator summoned juries of free men in each of the districts where the land(s) in question were located in order to ascertain by sworn testimony certain facts about the estates and the heir. FitzHugh<br> “Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry III - Charles I: Landholders and Their HeirsThe escheator acted sometimes through his own authority,” [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/RdLeaflet.asp?sLeafletID=290 Research Guide Legal Records Information 10] but usually through a writ from The National ArchivesChancery.<br>''The Local Historian'' by John Richardson
Two articles appear These records began about 1235 and end in The Amateur Historian 1660. They name the deceased, the date of death (942 B2ahseldom before 1342) volume 1 , described the property, identify the tax paid, may include manorial surveys of the tenants of the manor, and gave the name of the heir (Dec/Jan 1953if one was named) pages 77. The user should be cautioned that not all of the information is reliable. Some of these records are calendared. Some have been transcribed and printed.<ref name="profile">The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-81day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: England,” Word document, and volume 6 (Spring 1965) pages 235private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1984-412000.<br/ref>
'''Bibliography'''<br>''A Dictionary of Genealogy'' by Terrick V.H. FitzHugh<br> “Inquisitions Post Mortem, Henry III - Charles I: Landholders and Their Heirs,” [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/RdLeaflet.asp?sLeafletID=290 Research Guide Legal Records Information 10] from The National Archives.<br>''The Local Historian'' by John Richardson  Two articles appear in The Amateur Historian (942 B2ah) volume 1 (Dec/Jan 1953) pages 77-81, and volume 6 (Spring 1965) pages 235-41.<br>  == References == {{reflist}}  [[Category:England|Inquisitions Post MortemLand and Property]]
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