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Military records identify individuals who served in the military or who were eligible for service. Most young men were required Back to serve in or register for military service in [[Argentina. Evidence that an ancestor actually served may be found in family records, biographies, census, probate records, civil registration, and church records.]]<br>
Military records identify individuals who served in Argentina begin with the Spanish military records or who were eligible for service. Most young men were required to serve in or register for military service in the colonial period before Argentina’s independence and continue with the nation’s own recordsArgentina. They give information about Evidence that an ancestor's military career, such as promotions, places actually servedmay be found in family records, pensionsbiographies, and conduct. In additioncensus, these probate records usually include information about his age, birthplace, residence, occupation, physical descriptioncivil registration, and family members. Many military church records in Argentina provide very few details about individuals other than officers.
In Military records in Argentina begin with the late 15th century, during Spanish military records in the reign of Ferdinand colonial period before Argentina’s independence and Isabellacontinue with the nation’s own records. They give information about an ancestor's military career, such as promotions, places served, pensions, one out of every 12 Spanish males between the ages of 12 and 45 was required to serve in the armyconduct. In 1773addition, these records usually include information about his age, Charles III established the quinta systembirthplace, residence, occupation, physical description, which required every fifth Spanish male to serve and family members. Many military records in the militaryArgentina provide very few details about individuals other than officers.
The Quinta system was not practiced in Argentina. The Colonial armies included four kinds In the late 15th century, during the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, one out of troops:* every 12 Spanish soldiers assigned males between the ages of 12 and 45 was required to temporary service serve in the coloniesarmy.* In 1773, Charles III established the quinta system, which required every fifth Spanish soldiers permanently assigned male to colonial serviceserve in the military.* Provincial militia* Local militia
The provincial militias were composed of men from the colonies, but the officers were almost exclusively from SpainQuinta system was not practiced in Argentina. Local militias were created toward the end The Colonial armies included four kinds of the 18th century for community defense. Both the provincial and local militias were instrumental in the independence movement.troops:
Except for the military records *Spanish soldiers assigned to temporary service in the Archivo Historico Nacional, almost all of the military records since the organization of the Argentine military are in the Archivo Historico del Ejercitocolonies. *Spanish soldiers permanently assigned to colonial service.*Provincial militia *Local militia
The provincial archive do have historical military accounts in which you may be able to find mention militias were composed of some military personnelmen from the colonies, but the officers were almost exclusively from Spain. The Family History Library has a few Local militias were created toward the end of these military records, primarily the 18th century for community defense. Both the 18th provincial and 19th centurieslocal militias were instrumental in the independence movement.
Military archives is open to Except for the public. You do need to show military records in the purpose Archivo Historico Nacional, almost all of your visit and relationship to the person you are researching, and perhaps a letter of recommendation. Following are addresses military records since the organization of the Argentine military archives are in Argentina:the Archivo Historico del Ejercito.
* Archivo Historico Nacional (Mayor del Ejercito) <br>Azopardo 250 <br>Buenos Aires, Argentina<br>Telephone: 4331-6827<br>Internet: '''http://cvcThe provincial archive do have historical military accounts in which you may be able to find mention of some military personnel.cervantes.es/obref/arnac/nacional/'''<br>* Biblioteca del Circulo Militar Argentino<br>Palacio Paz<br>Avenida Santa Fe 750<br>Buenos Aires, Argentina<br>Telephone: 4314-9932* Escuela Superior de Guerra<br>Buenos AiresThe Family History Library has a few of these military records, Argentina<br>Internet: '''http://www.esdegue.mil.co/apps/www/index-7primarily for the 18th and 19th centuries.jsp'''<br>
Census records also have information on military personnelMilitary archives is open to the public. For example You do need to show the 1895 census purpose of San Martin in your visit and relationship to the province person you are researching, and perhaps a letter of Buenos Aires, records the cadets which were enrolled in the college Colegio Militar de la Nacionrecommendation. Most Following are addresses of the officers for the army came out of this college. Also military archives in the census of the city of Buenos Aires you can find listings of marines who belonged to the Prefectura Maritima.Argentina:
A census taker may have also recorded a squadron which was posted in the outlying provinces*Archivo Historico Nacional (Mayor del Ejercito) <br>Azopardo 250 <br>Buenos Aires, Argentina<br>Telephone: 4331-6827<br>Internet: '''http://cvc. Military records are potentially of great genealogical valuecervantes. For Argentine research in the military records is not practical. They are difficult to accesses/obref/arnac/nacional/'''<br> *Biblioteca del Circulo Militar Argentino<br>Palacio Paz<br>Avenida Santa Fe 750<br>Buenos Aires, partially destroyedArgentina<br>Telephone: 4314-9932 *Escuela Superior de Guerra<br>Buenos Aires, and may not be indexedArgentina<br>Internet: '''http://www.esdegue.mil.co/apps/www/index-7.jsp'''<br>
Other sources such as church Census records and civil registration are more easily available and contain much also have information on military personnel. For example the 1895 census of San Martin in the province of Buenos Aires, records the cadets which were enrolled in the college Colegio Militar de la Nacion. Most of the same informationofficers for the army came out of this college. The few military records that have been microfilmed are unindexed, but Also in the census of the city of Buenos Aires you can be searchedfind listings of marines who belonged to the Prefectura Maritima.
To use Argentinian military records, you will A census taker may have to determine also recorded a squadron which was posted in the specific unit that your ancestor served outlying provinces. Military records are potentially of great genealogical value. For Argentine research in. If the military records of your ancestor do is not provide this informationpractical. They are difficult to access, partially destroyed, it and may not be possible to learn which units were inducted in the area where he lived. To do this, you must know at least the town where the individual was living when he was of military ageindexed.
=== Military History ===Other sources such as church records and civil registration are more easily available and contain much of the same information. The few military records that have been microfilmed are unindexed, but can be searched.
The following dates are important To use Argentinian military records, you will have to determine the specific unit that your ancestor served in. If the records of your ancestor do not provide this information, it may be possible to learn which units were inducted in the area where he lived. To do this, you must know at least the town where the individual was living when he was of military history of Argentina:age.
'''1580''' Spain established Buenos Aires.=== Military History ===
'''1776''' Spain created The following dates are important to the Viceroyalty military history of La Plata.Argentina:
'''1806–71580''' British troop tried to seize Spain established Buenos Aires to establish a British Colony, to have a foothold in the region for British trade. Local troops fought them off.
'''18121776''' Jose de San Martin lead fight against Spaincreated the Viceroyalty of La Plata.
'''18161806–7''' Argentina declared its independence from SpainBritish troop tried to seize Buenos Aires to establish a British Colony, to have a foothold in the region for British trade. The Ejército de los Andes received official sanction and Jóse de San Martín is named General of the armyLocal troops fought them off.
'''18591812''' Justo Jose de Urquiza tries to get Buenos Aires to join the Confederation. He defeated the Buenos Aires army led by General Bartolomé MitreSan Martin lead fight against Spain.
'''19301816''' Army officers overthrew Argentina declared its independence from Spain. The Ejército de los Andes received official sanction and Jóse de San Martín is named General of the elected governmentarmy.
'''19551859''' A military revolt overthrew Justo Jose de Urquiza tries to get Buenos Aires to join the Perón dictatorshipConfederation. He defeated the Buenos Aires army led by General Bartolomé Mitre.
'''19761930''' Military leaders removed Isabel Perón from officeArmy officers overthrew the elected government.
'''19821955''' War with Greath Britain over A military revolt overthrew the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Perón dictatorship.
===Additional Resources==='''1976''' Military leaders removed Isabel Perón from office.
For more historical information about '''1982''' War with Greath Britain over the Argentinian military see:Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas).
* Grau, Carlos A. ''El Fuerte 25 de Mayo en Cruz de Guerra.'' (The Fort 25th of May in Cruz de Guerra.). La Plata: Dirección de Impresiones Oficiales, 1949. (FHL book 982.12/V1 H2g.)* ''Reseña Histórica de la Infantería Argentina.'' (Review History of the Argentine Infantry). Buenos Aires: Círculo Militar, 1969. (FHL book 982 M2r.)* Rodríquez, Augusto G.''Reseña Histórica del Ejército Argentino 1862–1930.'' (Review History of the Argentine army 1862–1930). Buenos Aires: Dirección de Estudio Históricos, 1964–. (FHL book 982 M25ro.)=== Additional Resources ===
Also any general encyclopedia will give you a good history of For more historical information about the Argentinian military history of Argentina.see:
===Resources at *Grau, Carlos A. ''El Fuerte 25 de Mayo en Cruz de Guerra.'' (The Fort 25th of May in Cruz de Guerra.). La Plata: Dirección de Impresiones Oficiales, 1949. (FHL book 982.12/V1 H2g.) *''Reseña Histórica de la Infantería Argentina.'' (Review History of the Family Argentine Infantry). Buenos Aires: Círculo Militar, 1969. (FHL book 982 M2r.) *Rodríquez, Augusto G.''Reseña Histórica del Ejército Argentino 1862–1930.'' (Review History Library===of the Argentine army 1862–1930). Buenos Aires: Dirección de Estudio Históricos, 1964–. (FHL book 982 M25ro.)
Additional Also any general encyclopedia will give you a good history of the military histories are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:history of Argentina.
ARGENTINA - MILITARY HISTORY=== Resources at the Family History Library ===
ARGENTINA, (PROVINCE) - MILITARY HISTORYAdditional military histories are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:
Military Records of Genealogical Value The following records include information on most soldiers, and can be useful in researching your family.ARGENTINA - MILITARY HISTORY
* Hojas de servicio (Service records). Lists of officers’s name, birth date, birthplace, family information, and military ranks and assignments.* Expedientes personales (Personal petitions files). Personal requests by servicemen such as their petitioning for military advancements after citing their military record. The files may include a number of documents of genealogical interest, such as family baptismal and marriage certificates.* Listas de quintas o conscripciones (Conscription Lists). Lists of new recruits and in some cases a census of all males eligible for military service. The town or municipal archives (Archivo de Ayuntamiento) sometimes house these records.* Filiaciones (Enlistments). Lists of common soldiers in the military, excluding officers. Enlistments include the soldiers’s name, birth date and birthplace, parents’ names, residence, religion, marital statusARGENTINA, and physical description. They may also list the soldier’s military history. Enlistments are less likely than service sheets to be indexed.* Padrones y Listas de Revistas (Census and muster rollsPROVINCE). Censuses of military men and their families were often taken in various areas.- MILITARY HISTORY
Military Records of Genealogical Value The census following records may include all the citizens who were served information on most soldiers, and protected by the military outpostcan be useful in researching your family.
For more information on the military *Hojas de servicio (Service records ). Lists of Argentinaofficers’s name, including where the records are foundbirth date, birthplace, family information, see:and military ranks and assignments. * RyskampExpedientes personales (Personal petitions files). Personal requests by servicemen such as their petitioning for military advancements after citing their military record. The files may include a number of documents of genealogical interest, George Rsuch as family baptismal and marriage certificates. ''Tracing Your Hispanic Heritage*Listas de quintas o conscripciones (Conscription Lists).'' RiversideLists of new recruits and in some cases a census of all males eligible for military service. The town or municipal archives (Archivo de Ayuntamiento) sometimes house these records. *Filiaciones (Enlistments). Lists of common soldiers in the military, Califexcluding officers.: Hispanic Family History ResearchEnlistments include the soldiers’s name, 1984birth date and birthplace, ppparents’ names, residence, religion, marital status, and physical description. 591–632They may also list the soldier’s military history. Enlistments are less likely than service sheets to be indexed. *Padrones y Listas de Revistas (FHL book 946 D27rCensus and muster rolls). Censuses of military men and their families were often taken in various areas.)
=== Spanish Military Records ===The census records may include all the citizens who were served and protected by the military outpost.
The Spanish For more information on the military records are located in several archives in Spain. The records include Spanish soldiers who served in of Argentina in the colonial era as well as soldiers from Argentina who joined , including where the Spanish service. The records of the Army are found in the archives of Simancas, Sevilla, and Segovia.see:
A listing of Spanish civil and military archives that contain military service records is found in*Ryskamp, George R. ''Tracing Your Hispanic Heritage.'' Riverside, Calif.:Hispanic Family History Research, 1984, pp. 591–632. (FHL book 946 D27r.)
* Cadenas y Vicent, Vicente de. ''Archivos Militares y Civiles donde se Conservan Fondos de Carácter Castrense Relacionados con Expedientes Personales de Militares.'' (=== Spanish Military and Civil Archives Which Hold Sources of a Military Nature Dealing with Records of Military Men). Madrid: Hidalguía, 1963. (FHL book 946 m2.) ===
The most extensive Spanish military archive records are located in several archives in Spain is . The records include Spanish soldiers who served in Argentina in the colonial era as well as soldiers from Argentina who joined the Archivo General Militar de Segovia (General Military Archive of Segovia)Spanish service. Service files The records of soldiers and officers the Army are housed found in the archivearchives of Simancas, Sevilla, and Segovia.
'''Requesting Information'''A listing of Spanish civil and military archives that contain military service records is found in:
You may obtain information about an individual by writing to*Cadenas y Vicent, Vicente de. ''Archivos Militares y Civiles donde se Conservan Fondos de Carácter Castrense Relacionados con Expedientes Personales de Militares.'' (Military and Civil Archives Which Hold Sources of a Military Nature Dealing with Records of Military Men). Madrid:Hidalguía, 1963. (FHL book 946 m2.)
* The most extensive military archive in Spain is the Archivo General Militar de Segovia Secretaria (General del Ejército Subsecretaria<br>Archivo Militar de Military Archive of Segovia Alcázar 40071<br>Segovia, Spain). Service files of soldiers and officers are housed in the archive.
If your ancestor was an officer, check the published indexes of the Archivo General Militar.'''Requesting Information'''
The files on officers are indexed (those of common soldiers are not) and references You may be found in: * Cadenas y Vicent, Vicente de. ''Indice de Expedientes Personales.'' (Index to Personal Records). 9 vols. Madrid: Hidalguía, 1959–1963. (FHL book 946 m23s.)* Ocerin, Enrique de. ''Indice de los Expedientes Matrimoniales de Militares y Marinos.''(Index obtain information about an individual by writing to Marriage Records of Soldiers and Sailors). Madrid: Zurita, 1959. (FHL book 946 M2oe; film 0897927 item 1.)
In your written request to the *Archivo General Militarde Segovia Secretaria General del Ejército Subsecretaria<br>Archivo Militar de Segovia Alcázar 40071<br>Segovia, include the name of the index you used, the page number of the information, and a copy of the information in the index about your ancestor.Spain
The If your ancestor was an officer, check the published indexes of the Archivo General de Simancas (General Archive of Simacas) in Spain houses military records of Spanish soldiers who served in the Americas from 1780 to 1810Militar. An alphabetic listing and index of these soldiers is found in:<br>
* Catálogo XXII del Archivo de Simancas The files on officers are indexed (Catalog XXII those of the Archive of Simancascommon soldiers are not). Valladolidand references may be found in: Secretaríade Guerra, c1958. (FHL book 946 m23e.)
=== Availability ===*Cadenas y Vicent, Vicente de. ''Indice de Expedientes Personales.'' (Index to Personal Records). 9 vols. Madrid: Hidalguía, 1959–1963. (FHL book 946 m23s.) *Ocerin, Enrique de. ''Indice de los Expedientes Matrimoniales de Militares y Marinos.''(Index to Marriage Records of Soldiers and Sailors). Madrid: Zurita, 1959. (FHL book 946 M2oe; film 0897927 item 1.)
For additional military records of Spain, you may write In your written request to the following archives:* Archivo General de Simancas <br>Carretera de Salamanca C.P. 47130 SimanacasMilitar, Valladolidinclude the name of the index you used, Spain Servicio Histórico de Segovia* Archivo General Militar Plaza Reina Victoria Eugenia s/n C.P. 40071 Segoviathe page number of the information, Spain &nbsp;&nbsp; <br>Archivo General de Indias Avda. De la Constitución C.Pand a copy of the information in the index about your ancestor. 41004 Sevilla, Spain Military Records at the Family History
=== Library ===The Archivo General de Simancas (General Archive of Simacas) in Spain houses military records of Spanish soldiers who served in the Americas from 1780 to 1810. An alphabetic listing and index of these soldiers is found in:<br>
Some *Catálogo XXII del Archivo de Simancas (Catalog XXII of the Argentine military records and Spanish military records that list service in Argentina at the Family History Library includeArchive of Simancas). Valladolid:Secretaríade Guerra, c1958. (FHL book 946 m23e.)
* ''Tomas de razón: de despachos militares, cédulas de premio, retiros, empleos civiles y eclesiásticos, donativos, etc., 1740–1821.''(Alphabetical index to registrations of government personnel, including the military, the civil service and the Catholic Church). Buenos Aires: El Archivo, 1925. (FHL book 982 N22t; film 1614820 item 8.) This is an index by surname of the personnel listing military status, regiment, citing book, page and date of original document, which are housed in the National Archives.<br>=== Availability ===
* ''Censo Argentino, ejército de operaciones en el Paraguay, 1869.''(Argentine Census of Army For additional military records of Operations in Paraguay, 1869). Buenos Aires: Archivo General de la NaciónSpain, 1992. (FHL film 1840686 items 1–2.) This record is not indexed but is on a printed form and easy you may write to search. It lists name, age, sex, civil statues, nationality, province of birth or country, profession, etc.<br>** ''Batallón de Buenos Aires: Varias filiaciones, regimientos, y listas de revistas 1778–1809.'' (Battalion of Buenos Aires: Muster rolls, regimental registers, and review lists 1778–1809). Buenos Airesthe following archives: Archivo General de la Nación, 1992. (FHL film 1840686 item 3.) These are miscellaneous documents which are not indexed and are hard to read but have good information on the personnel listed.
The following two records are on printed forms and give the same type of personal data: name*Archivo General de Simancas <br>Carretera de Salamanca C.P. 47130 Simanacas, ageValladolid, province or country of birthSpain Servicio Histórico de Segovia *Archivo General Militar Plaza Reina Victoria Eugenia s/n C.P. 40071 Segovia, health, service record, war complaints, and civil statusSpain &nbsp;&nbsp; <br>Archivo General de Indias Avda. De la Constitución C. These records are easy to searchP.41004 Sevilla, Spain Military Records at the Family History
=== Library === Some of the Argentine military records and Spanish military records that list service in Argentina at the Family History Library include:  *''Tomas de razón: de despachos militares, cédulas de premio, retiros, empleos civiles y eclesiásticos, donativos, etc., 1740–1821.''(Alphabetical index to registrations of government personnel, including the military, the civil service and the Catholic Church). Buenos Aires: El Archivo, 1925. (FHL book 982 N22t; film 1614820 item 8.) This is an index by surname of the personnel listing military status, regiment, citing book, page and date of original document, which are housed in the National Archives.<br> *''Censo Argentino, ejército de operaciones en el Paraguay, 1869.''(Argentine Census of Army of Operations in Paraguay, 1869). Buenos Aires: Archivo General de la Nación, 1992. (FHL film 1840686 items 1–2.) This record is not indexed but is on a printed form and easy to search. It lists name, age, sex, civil statues, nationality, province of birth or country, profession, etc.<br> **''Batallón de Buenos Aires: Varias filiaciones, regimientos, y listas de revistas 1778–1809.'' (Battalion of Buenos Aires: Muster rolls, regimental registers, and review lists 1778–1809). Buenos Aires: Archivo General de la Nación, 1992. (FHL film 1840686 item 3.) These are miscellaneous documents which are not indexed and are hard to read but have good information on the personnel listed. The following two records are on printed forms and give the same type of personal data: name, age, province or country of birth, health, service record, war complaints, and civil status. These records are easy to search.  * ''Fojas de servicio, siglos XVIII–XIX: Buenos Aires.'' (Service records from the 18th and 19th centuries: Buenos Aires). Buenos Aires: Archivo General de la Nación, 1992. (FHL film 1840688 item 2–3 [surnames A–G] and 1840689 [surnames I–Z].)* ''Hojas de Servicios Militares de América: Virreinato de Buenos Aires, 1787– 1799.'' (Military Service Records of America: Viceroyalty of Buenos Aires, 1787–1799). Madrid: Servicio Nacional de Microfilm, 1971. (FHL film 1156322–1156323.) This record has an index in the FHL book 946 M23e.
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