Separate books were kept for baptism, confirmation, marriage banns, marriage, and burial or death records. However, in smaller areas, all records may be recorded on one register. The entries were normally made in chronological order. In smaller parishes, most of the marriage banns (informaciones matrimoniales) were included in the marriage entry. In larger parishes, these records may be registered separately. In smaller parishes, the confirmations may have been included with the baptisms or even with marriages. In larger parishes, a separate book of confirmations was usually maintained. The records are in relatively fair condition, with the exception of some older records that may be damaged, and therefore hard to read or missing some information. Most of the older records are handwritten in narrative style and follow a common text with some variations depending on the style used by the priest. Newer records are handwritten in formatted registers, and some are even written in ledger style registers.
After the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards, Catholic priests began going from one place to another baptizing most of the population. By order of the Queen of Spain, priests began keeping a record of all the sacramental ordinances performed. The registers hold records of baptisms, marriages, deaths, and burials and other ecclesiastical documents. Most often, the different types of ordinances are recorded separate volumes. Each record is written in narrative style, and in more recent years, they are handwritten in formatted records. The registers were created and kept by the priest. Later, as the church grew in numbers, the registers were kept at the parish, and a copy was sent to the diocesan archive for preservation.
Catholic priests established parishes starting in 1521. In 1527, the Roman Catholic Church established dioceses in Tlaxcala and Mexico City. It was only in the late 19th century that other religious groups began establishing congregations in Mexico.
Parishes were local congregations that may have included smaller villages within their boundaries. A large city may contain several parishes. The parishes had jurisdiction over both vice parishes (vice parroquias) and chapelries (feligresias). Multiple parishes (parroquias) were under the jurisdiction of a diocese. The highest level of local government in the Catholic Church is the archdiocese (arquidiócesis), which is made up of several dioceses.
In 1995, the Catholic Church in Mexico had 14 archdioceses; 58 dioceses; 5,345 parishes; and 1,611 chapelries (sub-parishes). Together they hold a great number of records.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1909191/waypoints Browse].
=== Citation for This Collection ===
"Mexico, Oaxaca Catholic Church Records", database, FamilySearch ([https://familysearch. org https://familysearch.org]), 2009; from Diocese of Huajuapan, Diocese of Tehuantepec, Archdiocese of Oaxaca, Diocese of Puebla, Prelate of Hautla, Diocese of Tuxtepec, Prelate of the Mixes. Original records are also housed in local parish archives throughout the State of Oaxaca, Mexico . FHL 6,574 microfilm reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.<!--bibdescend--> }}
Digital images of original records housed at various Catholic Church archive repositories throughout the State of Oaxaca, Mexico.
'''The key genealogical facts found in most baptism records are:'''
[[Image:Mexico Aguascalientes Roman Catholic Parish Registers Baptism Example 1.jpg|thumb|right
|Mexico Aguascalientes Roman Catholic Parish Registers Baptism Example 1.jpg]]
*Date of baptism
'''The key genealogical facts found in most marriage records are:'''
[[Image:Mexico Aguascalientes Roman Catholic Parish Registers Marriage.jpg|thumb|right
|Mexico Aguascalientes Roman Catholic Parish Registers Marriage.jpg]]
*Date of marriage
'''The key genealogical facts found in most burial or death records are:'''
[[Image:Mexico Baja California Catholic Church Records Death.jpg|thumb|right
|Mexico Baja California Catholic Church Records Death.jpg]]
*Date of death or burial
The following are examples of records found in different collections. Please help us by replacing these examples with a citation for a record you have found in this collection.
*“Delaware Marriage Records,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 4 March 2011), entry for William Anderson and Elizabeth Baynard Henry, married 23 November 1913; citing marriage certificate no. 859; FHL microfilm 2,025,063; Delaware Bureau of Archives and Records Management, Dover.