South Sudan History

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History[edit | edit source]

South Sudan gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011, making it the newest country with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba. Sudan was occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty and was governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence in 1956. Following the First Sudanese Civil War, the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region was formed in 1972 and lasted until 1983.

A second Sudanese civil war soon broke out, ending in 2005 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011, following 98.83% support for independence in a January 2011 referendum. South Sudan has suffered ethnic violence and has been in a civil war since 2013.
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Timeline[edit | edit source]

2011 - The country gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan, making it the newest country with widespread recognition
2013 -South Sudan has suffered ethnic violence and has been in a civil war since 2013

Websites[edit | edit source]