Solomon Islands History
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The first European to visit the islands was the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, coming from Peru in 1568.
Missionaries began visiting the Solomons in the mid-19th century. The United Kingdom declared a protectorate over the southern Solomons in June 1893 and in 1898 and 1899, more outlying islands were added to the protectorate. Missionaries settled in the Solomons under the protectorate, converting most of the population to Christianity.
With the outbreak of the Second World War most planters and traders were evacuated to Australia and most cultivation ceased. Some of the most intense fighting of the war occurred in the Solomons. Local councils were established in the 1950s as the islands stabilised from the aftermath of the Second World War. A new constitution was established in 1970 and elections were held, although the constitution was contested and a new one was created in 1974. Following the independence of neighbouring Papua New Guinea from Australia in 1975, the Solomon Islands gained self-government in 1976. Independence was granted on 7 July 1978.
1500s Mendana sails from Peru searching for the treasures of King Solomon, lands on the island.
1558 Mendana’s pilot, Hernan Galleto, names Guadalcanal after his birthplace.
1589 Mendana starts a colony on his second voyage, which does not succeed.
1767 Frenchman Pilip Carteret arrives on the Swallow.
1893 The southern Solomon Islands become a British protectorate.
1898-1899 Other parts become a British protectorate.
1900 German rights to some of the northern islands are ceded to the British.
1944 Guadalcanal and New Georgia are fought over in WWII.
1976 Self government is granted.
1978 Full independence is granted.
2008 There are 231 LDS Church members in the Solomon Islands.