Socorro County, New Mexico Genealogy

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United States
New Mexico
Socorro County
 

Guide to Socorro County, New Mexico ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Socorro
Organized: April 17, 1907
Parent County(s): unorganized land[1]
Neighboring Counties
Catron  • Cibola  • Lincoln  • Sierra  • Torrance  • Valencia
See County Maps
Courthouse
NewMexicoSocorroCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Nm-socorro.png
Adoption


County Information

Description

Socorro was founded 1 July 1850. The County Seat is Socorro. [2] Socorro was originally the name given to a Native American village (see: Puebloan peoples) by Don Juan de Oñate in 1598.[3]

County Courthouse

Socorro County Courthouse
200 Church St
PO Box 1
Socorro, NM 87801
Phone: 505.835.0589
Socorro County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1885, probate records from 1912, land records from 1859, birth and death records 1907-1941.[1]

Socorro County, New Mexico Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1907 1885 1907 #7 1859 1912 1790

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • Until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • In 1821Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
  • 1846 - United States forces occupied New Mexico starting during the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 -  Land that became Socorro County formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • 9 Jan 1852 -  Socorro County was created from unorganized land.[1] It extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona.[5] [6] [7] Residents who lived far from the
  • County seat: Socorro[1]
  • Interactive Formation Boundary Map of New Mexico - shows boundary changes for New Mexico Counties
  • New Mexico Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  • 30 January 1868 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of GRANT county. [8]
  • 16 January 1869 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of LINCOLN county. [9]
  • 3 April 1884 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of SIERRA county. [10]
  • 30 January 1899 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of OTERO county. [11]
  • 1 January 1905 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of TORRANCE county. [12]
  • 1 July 1921 - SOCORRO county lost land to the creation of CATRON county. [13]

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona for further details.

Socorro and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Socorro County, New Mexico:[14]

City

  • Socorro (county seat)

Village

  • Magdalena

Unincorporated communities

  • Bernardo
  • Claunch
  • Luis Lopez
  • Polvadera
  • Sabinal
  • San Antonio
  • Ghost towns[edit]
  • Adobe
  • Carthage
  • Council Rock
  • Field
  • Kelly
  • Park City

Census-designated places

  • Abeytas
  • Alamillo
  • Alamo
  • Chamizal
  • Escondida
  • La Joya
  • Las Nutrias
  • Lemitar
  • Luis Lopez
  • Polvadera
  • San Acacia
  • San Antonio
  • San Antonito
  • Veguita

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Socorro County, New Mexico online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 14,761
1920 14,061 −4.7%
1930 9,611 −31.6%
1940 11,422 18.8%
1950 9,670 −15.3%
1960 10,168 5.1%
1970 9,763 −4.0%
1980 12,566 28.7%
1990 14,764 17.5%
2000 18,078 22.4%
2010 17,866 −1.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Federal Census Records
Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Socorro County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Nmsocorro.jpg

Migration

Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Socorro County.

Map showing Civil War battles in New Mexico. 

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers


Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.

Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office

Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court

Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.

See also How to order New Mexico Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for New Mexico Birth Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Birth

Marriage

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

New Mexico, County Death Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Socorro County Historical Society, Inc.
PO Box 923
Socorro, New Mexico 87801-0923
Website

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), New Mexico.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. http://genealogytrails.com/newmex/socorro/ accessed 09/29/2016
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socorro_County,_New_Mexico
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Socorro County, New Mexico. Page 475 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 471.
  5. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  6. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  7. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  8. N.M. Terr. Laws 1867-1868, 17th assy., ch. 20/p. 88
  9. N.M. Terr. Laws 1868-1869, 18th assy., ch. 8/pp. 28-31
  10. N.M. Terr. Laws 1884, 26th assy., ch. 109/pp. 223-225
  11. N.M. Terr. Laws 1899, 33d assy., ch. 3/pp. 21-30
  12. N.M. Terr. Laws 1903, 35th assy., ch. 70/pp. 132-134
  13. N.M. Laws 1921, 5th reg. sess., ch. 28/pp. 37-45
  14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socorro_County,_New_Mexico#Communities
  15. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 8 August, 2012)