Scott County, Illinois Genealogy

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Guide to Scott County, Illinois ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Scott County, Illinois
Boundary map of Scott County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: February 16, 1839
County Seat Winchester
Scott County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD), Illinois State Archives
Address Scott County Courthouse
101 E. Market Street
Winchester, Illinois 62694
(217) 742-3178

Scott County Organization[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Marriage Court Land Probate Census
1860 1839 1877 1839 1839 1839 1810
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1916. General compliance by 1922.

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Scott County are kept, see the Scott County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Scott County was established on February 16, 1839 from a portion of Morgan County. It's territory was first part of Illinois County, created by Virginia in 1783. In 1787 this sparsely settled county became part of the Territory Northwest of the Ohio River. In 1790 present day Scott became part of St. Clair County which was one of the initial counties located in Indiana Territory when it was formed in 1800. In 1809, that county became part of the new Illinois Territory and Scott county's territory moved through several county organizations as the population of Illinois began to expand rapidly: first Madison in 1812; next Greene in 1821; and as the last step before becoming its own county it became part of Morgan in 1823. This very rural county retains much the look it had during it's early days. See the diagram of the county's derivation at the Scott County ILGenWeb Project

  • Scott County was formed 16 February 1839 from Morgan County.
  • Named after Scott County, Kentucky through influence of emigrants from that county.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • 1839--Scott County was created 16 February 1839 from Morgan County.  County seat:  Winchester [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Scott County, KY. The county seat is Winchester and the county was organized on 1839. The County is located in the West Central area of the state.[3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • No known changes

For animated maps illustrating Illinois county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Illinois County Boundary Maps" (1790-1869) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Scott, Illinois online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Illinois Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites have additional information on Scott county cemeteries.

  • Scott County Cemeteries in the Rootsweb site has many cemeteries listed and some have a list of people buried in those cemeteries. The give coordinates, section, township, and range. If there is a township name, that is also listed.
  • Cemetery Location Project of the Illinois State Genealogical Society lists cemeteries in Scott County by their names, aliases, and locations, noting their type (Church, veterans, etc.), their conditon, and whether they are or have been online.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 6,215
1850 7,914 27.3%
1860 9,069 14.6%
1870 10,530 16.1%
1880 10,741 2.0%
1890 10,304 −4.1%
1900 10,455 1.5%
1910 10,067 −3.7%
1920 9,489 −5.7%
1930 8,539 −10.0%
1940 8,176 −4.3%
1950 7,245 −11.4%
1960 6,377 −12.0%
1970 6,096 −4.4%
1980 6,142 0.8%
1990 5,644 −8.1%
2000 5,537 −1.9%
2010 5,355 −3.3%
Source: "".
  • 1840 Pensioners
A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Scott County on page 188.]
  • 1850 Census
Index: 1850 Census of Scott County, IL at Rootsweb – Free; index
  • 1850 Mortality Schedule
1850 Scott County Mortality Schedule at Rootsweb – Free; alphabetical
  • 1860 Census
1860 Census of Scott County, IL at Rootsweb – Free; index
  • 1860 Mortality Schedule
1860 Scott County Mortality Schedule at Rootsweb – Free; Alphabetical
  • 1870 Census
1870 Census of Scott County, IL at Rootsweb – Free; Index
  • 1870 Mortality Schedule
1870 Scott County IL Mortality Schedule at Rootsweb – Free; Alphabetical
  • 1880 Mortality Schedule
1880 Scott County IL Mortality Schedule at Rootsweb — Free; Alphabetical

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

The earliest Christian congregations in Scott County were likely Camp Meetings organized by Methodist preachers who came to the area in the early 1820s. The Baptists were also in the county by about 1825. Other denominations didn't appear to be established till later: the Catholics in 1860, Episcopalians in the 1870s, followed by like the Free Methodists and German Lutherans. [5]

A few resources referring to Scott County churches and their records have been found on the internet.

  • See Linkpendium. For references to various church related sources.
  • WorldCat has Scott County church directories for 196? and 1979
  • Records for 1891 to 1900 of the Presbyterian Church in Wincester are available through the Family History Library FHL film 468338 item 2.

Major denomination in Scott County, Illinois include Evangelical Denominations, Catholic Church, American Baptist Churches, Assemblies of God, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Evangelical Lutheran Church, United Methodist Church. To see more about the churches by town, Click here.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Ethnic Research[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

The following have information concerning African American research.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.

Records at the Family History Library

IRAD holdings

  • Deed records 1839 to 1874

Online Resources

Maps[edit | edit source]

Brown CountyMorgan CountyGreene CountyPike CountyIL SCOTT.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War 1861–1865[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Scott County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Scott County.

- 14th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company K.
- 27th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 28th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company C.
- 33rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 61st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 91st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company G.
- 129th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies D, F, H, and I.
- 137th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company E.

Other Civil War records may be locate to help you with your ancestors.

Spanish-American War 1898[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

IRAD Holdings

  • Natutalization Records, Circuit Court  1859 to 1904 
  • Naturalization Records, County Court 1864 to1906 

Online Records

Newspapers and Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Repositories[edit | edit source]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Scott County are kept, see the Scott County Courthouse page.

Family History Center
[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Though there are no family history centers in Scott County, certers in nearby couties include:

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)[edit | edit source]

IRAD Depository (UIS)
LIB 144
University of Illinois at Springfield
One University Plaza, MS BRK 140
Springfield IL 62703-5407
Telephone: (217) 206-6520

Public Libraries[edit | edit source]

Bluffs Public Library
110 North Bluff Street
Bluffs, IL 62621
Phone: (217) 754-3804

Winchester Public Library
215 North Main Street
Winchester, IL 62694
Phone: (217) 742-3150

Social Groups Online[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Scott County Historical Society
PO Box 85
Winchester, IL 62694-0085

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Illinois Vital Records or order electronically online.

Marriages were first recorded in Scott County in 1839--when the county was organized. The early marriage records may or may not contain the marriage application (which would contain parent names).  Birth records were first recorded in Scott County in 1860; deaths were first recorded in 1877. It was not until 1916 that the recording of births and deaths became mandatory.  These vital records are available through the Scott County Clerk/Recorder, 35 East Market St., Winchester, IL 62694.  Phone: 217.742.3178.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]

IRAD Holdings

  • Birth Certificates  1880 to 1900
  • Birth Records  1877 to 1903
  • Birth Records Index  1877 to 1903
  • Birth Afftdavit Records, Chidren of Civil War Casualties  1861 to 1875

Published abstracts:

Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

IRAD Holdings

  • Marriage License Applications  1876 to 1900
  • Marriage Licenses 1876 to 1927
  • Marriage Records 1839 to 1914
  • Marriage Record Index 1839 to1945

Published abstracts:

Death Records[edit | edit source]

IRAD Holdings

  • Death Records 1877 to 1913
  • Death Record Index 1877 to 1913

Published abstracts:

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scott County, Illinois. Page 192-199 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 194-197.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Scott County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Illinois 04/19/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Scott County, Illinois," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Illinois, accessed 14 March 2020.
  5. Scott county bicentennial book, 1976, ([S.l.] : Bluffs Times : Winchester Times, 1976)p. 28-33.