Scotland County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States
North Carolina
Scotland County

Guide to Scotland County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Scotland County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Scotland County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1899
County Seat Laurinburg
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County Information


Scotland County is located in the South-Central portion of North Carolina and shares a border with South Carolina. It was named for the ancestral home of many of its inhabitants[1].

County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Scotland County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records

Scotland County Courthouse
212 Biggs Street
Laurinburg, NC 28352
Phone: 910-277-2577

Register of deeds has birth records from 1913
marriage, death and burial records from 1899
and  land records
Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate and court records from 1899[2]

Register of Deeds
P.O. Box 769
Laurinburg, NC 28352
Phone: 910-277-2577
Fax: 910-277-3133

Clerk Superior Court
P.O. Box 769
Laurinburg, NC 28353
Phone: (910) 266-4400


Scotland County was created in 1899 from Richmond County.
The earliest settlers in what is now Scotland County were composed largely of Highland Scots. It is fairly well established by several writers of Scottish history that there were Highlanders living in this area as early as 1729, when North Carolina became a royal colony. However, much of the Scot settlement came in the next quarter century. It was during this period that many Scots pushed up the Cape Fear River into the area surrounding their Cross Creek settlement, later Campbellton, now Fayetteville, and consequently, into the area that is now Scotland County.
Through the ensuing years, other groups and individuals have come to the county, bringing their own heritage to mingle with that of the Scots, Scotch-Irish, English, Welsh, and African. Some of our present-day citizens can even link their heritage to that of the first Americans -- the Native Americans. So although the name of the county is Scotland and the Scottish influence is quite strong, the Scots have no monopoly on the county or its history.
The political beginning for Scotland County came when the legislature of North Carolina, on February 20, 1899, created the new county. The county was formed entirely from Richmond County. The entire area had been a part of Anson County and, before that, a part of Bladen.

The main reason given for the movement to break away from Richmond County was that the county seat, Rockingham, being some twenty to thirty miles away, was too far from the eastern part of the county. Any business in the county seat required an all-day trip and sometimes an overnight stay on the part of many citizens. However, there seem to have been other factors at work, including a strong red shirt movement and much dissatisfaction with the county government at Rockingham. There were charges and counter-charges and strong feeling displayed by both proponents and opponents of the new county. A petition opposing the formation of the new county was circulated in the legislature of 1895 by Richmond County opponents of the separation, and in the petition attention was called to the small number of Populists and Republicans who voted in Laurinburg. The accusation was that the number was so small because of intimidation in the heavily Democratic town. One sentence read: Laurinburg, in politics, ought to be called Rottenburg.

Mr. Maxey John wrote the act which created the county. He had written similar acts twice before. In 1893, the act failed to pass the General Assembly, and in 1895, the act passed, but with a provision for an election in all Richmond County to approve or disapprove the new county. The election failed to approve the new county, and no serious attempt was made in the 1897 session of the General Assembly, which was Republican-Fusionist controlled. However, in 1899, another attempt was made. The act was introduced in the General Assembly by Mr. Hector McLean, who is sometimes called the Father of Scotland County.
In the act establishing the county, the legislature designated Laurinburg as the county seat and required that the county commissioners select a site for a jail within a mile of the center of town. The county began to function in December 1900, and the wills and deeds books begin in that month.

(written by Betty P. Myers, 1975, revised 1977, 1994 -

Parent County

1899--Scotland County was created from Richmond County.
County seat: Laurinburg [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

Visit Bill Meacham's Historical Photos of Laurinburg, North Carolina

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NCGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Scotland County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.


County Records


Clerk of Superior Court
Scotland county, district 16A, staff, officials, Clerk of Superior Court

The Clerk of Superior Court is elected for four years and must be a resident of the county in which he or she is elected. Unlike clerks of court in other states, the Clerk of Superior Court in North Carolina has numerous judicial functions.

As judge of probate, the Clerk has exclusive original jurisdiction over matters relating to the probate of wills, and the administration of estates, including appointing personal representatives, auditing their accounting, and removing them from office if necessary. The Clerk also presides over many other legal matters including adoptions, incompetency proceedings, condemnation of private lands for public use, and foreclosures. The Clerk is responsible for all clerical and record-keeping functions of the district and superior court. In addition, the Clerk receives and disburses money collected each year from court fees and fines.

Scotland County Courthouse Courthouse hours of operation are 8:30 am to 5:00 pm Monday - Friday. Courthouse is closed on Judicial branch holidays.

Scotland County Clerk of Court
Court and Probate Records from 1887

212 Biggs Street, Laurinburg, NC 28352
Mailing Address: P. O. Box 769, Laurinburg, NC 28353
Phone: 910-277-3240


 Scotland County Register of Deeds
 Land and Vital Records from 1900

212 Biggs Street, Room 250, Laurinburg, NC 28352
Mailing Address: P. O. Box 769, Laurinburg, NC 28353
Phone: 910-277-2575

Scotland County has an Online Deed Search for some of their records

Records can also be obtained through the North Carolina State Archives:

North Carolina State Archives
Check the MARS Online Catalog for land records processed.

109 E. Jones St., Raleigh, NC 27601
Mailing Address: 4614 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-4614
Phone: 919-807-7310

Local Histories


Scotland County


Revolutionary War
Civil War

Online Records

World War I
World War II



Online Probate Records

See information above under COURT


Vital Records

Birth, Marriage, Divorce and Death Records can be obtained from the following locations:

Has Vital Records from 1900

212 Biggs Street, Room 250, Laurinburg, NC 28352
Mailing Address: P. O. Box 769, Laurinburg, NC 28353
Phone: 910-277-2575

Has Death Records prior to 1930
Check the MARS Online Catalog for other records processed. 109 E. Jones St., Raleigh, NC 27601
Mailing Address: 4614 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-4614
Phone: 919-807-7310

Births (1913-Present)
Deaths (1930-Present)
Marriages (1962-Present)
Divorces (1958-Present) 1903 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1903
Phone: 919-733-3526

Birth Records
Death Records
Divorce Records
Marriage Records

Societies and Libraries 

Scotland County Genealogical Society
PO Box 496
Laurel Hill 28351

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scotland County, North Carolina. Page 513 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).