Scotland Census, 1851 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Scotland Census, 1851
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
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|The National Archives, Kew, Surrey and New Register House, Edinburgh|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Known Issues with This Collection
- 7 Citing This Collection
- 8 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801. This guide covers censuses of Scotland in 1851.
Scotland's population was enumerated on 31 March 1851.
This data has been provided by Findmypast.com.
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish. Some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. The information was recorded in columns on two pages that face each other. Information is recorded in entries that cover two facing pages. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page.
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.
The Registrar General created the national censuses of the British population. However, the actual gathering of information was usually done by the Home Office of each county with assistance from the county sheriff. The census was completed in one day, then the census books were sent to the Registrar General’s office in London. Almost all of the residents of Scotland are included in the census.
The Registrar General created censuses for several reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.
What Can These Records Tell Me?
The 1851 census includes the following:
- Parishes and counties of birth
- Relationships to the head of the household for each person
- Sometimes the birth country for people born outside of England
Sample of indexed information:
How Do I Search This Collection?
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
Search the Index
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
"Scotland Census, 1851." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "1851 England, Scotland & Wales census." Database. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : 2012. Citing PRO HO 107. The National Archives UK, Kew, Surrey.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?