Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Scioto County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Scioto County, Ohio
Boundary map of Scioto County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Scioto County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Scioto County Courthouse
607 7th St.
Portsmouth, Ohio 45662-3948
Scioto County Website

Scioto County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1856 1804 1856 1817 1803 1810 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Adams County in 1803.
  • County Seat: Portsmouth

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for an Indian word referring to deer or deer-hunting. Its county seat is Portsmouth and was founded March 24, 1803. It is located in the Southcentral area of the state.[2]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [3]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Adams County  • Pike County  • Jackson County  • Lawrence County  • Greenup County, Kentucky  • Lewis County, Kentucky

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census and Directories[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 3,399
1820 5,750 69.2%
1830 8,740 52.0%
1840 11,192 28.1%
1850 18,428 64.7%
1860 24,297 31.8%
1870 29,302 20.6%
1880 33,511 14.4%
1890 35,377 5.6%
1900 40,981 15.8%
1910 48,463 18.3%
1920 62,850 29.7%
1930 81,221 29.2%
1940 86,565 6.6%
1950 82,910 −4.2%
1960 84,216 1.6%
1970 76,951 −8.6%
1980 84,545 9.9%
1990 80,327 −5.0%
2000 79,195 −1.4%
2010 79,499 0.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Finding Church Records at Other Repositories

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Political Groups[edit | edit source]
Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]
  • Keyes, James, Pioneers of Scioto County: Being a Short Biographical Sketch of Some of the First Settlers of Scioto County, Ohio, (Portsmouth, Ohio: J. Keyes, 1880). Digital copy at Google Books FHL book 977.187 D3k
  • Gargiulo, Barbara Keyser, Scioto County, Ohio: As Extracted From Henry Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio, (Milford, Ohio: Little Miami Pub. Co., 2002). FHL book 977.187 H2g
  • Bannon, Henry Towne, Scioto Sketches: An Account of Discovery and Settlement of Scioto County, Ohio, (Scioto, Ohio: A. C. McClurg, 1920). Digital copy at Google Books Internet Archive
  • Portsmouth Area Recognition Society, A History of Scioto County, Ohio: A Narrative Account of Its Beginning, Its Development, and Its People, (Portsmouth, Ohio: Portsmouth Area Recognition Society, 1986). FHL book 977.187 H2h

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Pike CountyJackson CountyLawrence CountyGreenup CountyLewis CountyAdams CountyOH SCIOTO.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]

Many Military Records for Scioto County have been microfilmed or abstracted. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. For a listing of their holdings, see topic details.

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Scioto County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Scioto County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery,  Companies A, D, and F
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company G, also known as the Portsmouth Guards
- 56th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B, C, D, F, G, H, and K

-[War Research Database] $
-8th Independent Company Ohio Volunteer Sharp Shooters
-91st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry Field and Staff
-"Final Roll Call" First Ohio Light Artillery, Battery L
-Fifth Independent Ohio Sharpshooters

World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Korean War[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

  • Many Newspapers for Scioto County have been microfilmed or abstracted. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. For a listing of their holdings, see topic details.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Online Probate Indexes and Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Scioto County Courthouse
602 7th Street
Portsmouth, OH 45662-3948
Phone: 740.355.8313

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1817;
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
County Recorder has land records[4]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]
General[edit | edit source]

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scioto County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/27/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Scioto County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 14 January 2019.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scioto County, Ohio. Page 545 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.