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Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Scioto County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


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Scioto County, Ohio
Map
Boundary map of Scioto County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Courthouse
Scioto County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Scioto County Courthouse
607 7th St.
Portsmouth, Ohio 45662-3948
Scioto County Website


Scioto County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1856 1804 1856 1817 1803 1810 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Adams County in 1803.
  • County Seat: Portsmouth
     

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for an Indian word referring to deer or deer-hunting. It's county seat is Portsmouth and was founded March 24, 1803. It is located in the Southcentral area of the state.[2]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [3]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Adams County  • Pike County  • Jackson County  • Lawrence County  • Greenup County, Kentucky  • Lewis County, Kentucky

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1940) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves

Epodunk

OHGenWeb
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census and Directories[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.


Finding Church Records at Other Repositories

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Political Groups[edit | edit source]
Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]
  • Keyes, James, Pioneers of Scioto County: Being a Short Biographical Sketch of Some of the First Settlers of Scioto County, Ohio, (Portsmouth, Ohio: J. Keyes, 1880). Digital copy at Google Books FHL book 977.187 D3k
  • Gargiulo, Barbara Keyser, Scioto County, Ohio: As Extracted From Henry Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio, (Milford, Ohio: Little Miami Pub. Co., 2002). FHL book 977.187 H2g
  • Bannon, Henry Towne, Scioto Sketches: An Account of Discovery and Settlement of Scioto County, Ohio, (Scioto, Ohio: A. C. McClurg, 1920). Digital copy at Google Books Internet Archive
  • Portsmouth Area Recognition Society, A History of Scioto County, Ohio: A Narrative Account of Its Beginning, Its Development, and Its People, (Portsmouth, Ohio: Portsmouth Area Recognition Society, 1986). FHL book 977.187 H2h

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Finding More Land Records[edit source]

Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:


Maps[edit | edit source]

Pike CountyJackson CountyLawrence CountyGreenup CountyLewis CountyAdams CountyOH SCIOTO.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]

Many Military Records for Scioto County have been microfilmed or abstracted. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. For a listing of their holdings, see topic details.

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Scioto County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Scioto County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Heavy Artillery,  Companies A, D, and F
- 1st Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company G, also known as the Portsmouth Guards
- 56th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B, C, D, F, G, H, and K

-[War Research Database] $
-8th Independent Company Ohio Volunteer Sharp Shooters
-91st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry Field and Staff
-"Final Roll Call" First Ohio Light Artillery, Battery L
-Fifth Independent Ohio Sharpshooters

World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Korean War[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers. Online Newspapers

Online Newspaper Abstracts

Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form


  • Many Newspapers for Scioto County have been microfilmed or abstracted. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. For a listing of their holdings, see topic details.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

  • Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (1981).  Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981).FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).


Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Scioto County Courthouse
602 7th Street
Portsmouth, OH 45662-3948
Phone: 740.355.8313

Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1817;
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records;
County Recorder has land records[4]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Ohio Taxation.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]
General[edit | edit source]

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:


Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scioto County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Scioto County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/scioto/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Scioto County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scioto_County,_Ohio, accessed 14 January 2019.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scioto County, Ohio. Page 545 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.