Schley County, Georgia Genealogy

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Schley County

Guide to Schley County, Georgia ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Schley County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Schley County
Location in the state of Georgia
Founded December 22, 1857
County Seat Ellaville
Schley County Courthouse Ellaville, Georgia.jpg
Address Schley County Courthouse
PO Box 352;
Ellaville, GA 31806
Phone: 912.937.2609
Schley County Website

County Information

Schley County, Georgia Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Schley County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate


County Courthouse

Schley County Courthouse
PO Box 352;
Ellaville, GA 31806
Phone: 912.937.2609

Probate Court has birth, death and burial records from 1927, marriage records from 1858 and probate records; Clerk Superior has divorce, court and land records from 1850[1]

Clerk of Superior Court
14 South Broad Street
P.O. Box 7
Ellaville, GA 31806
Telephone: (229) 937-5581
Fax: (229) 937-5588

Probate Court of Schley County
P.O. Box 385
Ellaville, GA 31806
Telephone: 229-937-2905
Fax: 229-937-5588


Parent County

1857--Schley County was created 22 December 1857 from Marion and Sumter Counties. County seat: Ellaville [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[3]


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Macon County  • Marion County  • Sumter County  • Taylor County

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Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records


Cemeteries of Schley, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Schley County cemeteries.


Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.


Concord Methodist Church

  • 1880-1882 - Concord Methodist Church Baptism Index 1880-1882. Batch C713661 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1880-1895 - Concord Methodist Church Marriage Index 1880-1895. Batch M713661 at FamilySearch - free.



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Schley County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.




Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Schley County, Georgia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Schley County, Georgia Genealogy:

- 5th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company G
- 17th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 27th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 28th Battalion, Georgia Siege Artillery (Confederate), Company A
- 46th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
  • Georgia. Superior Court (Schley County). 1964. Military records, World War I service and discharge records, 1917-1963. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. (go to Civil War part of the film) film 364114
World War I



Newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Schley County, Georgia Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia. See also How to order Georgia Vital Records

Marriage Records
Death Records
Vital Record Substitutes

Voter Records

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Ellaville / Schley County Historcal Society, INC.
PO BOX 175
Ellaville, GA 31806
Telephone Number:229-937-2116

Schley County Preservation Society
PO Box 326
Ellaville, Georgia 31806-0326

Southwest Georgia Genealogical Society
PO Box 4672
Albany, GA 31706

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Schley County, Georgia. Page 159 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 50-51. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at