Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Genealogy
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Guide to Schleswig-Holstein, Germany ancestry, family history, and genealogy after 1945: birth records, marriage records, death records.
Historical Background[edit | edit source]
- In 1865, the German Confederation, led by Prussia and Austria, defeated the Danes in the Second War of Schleswig. Prussia and Austria then assumed administration of Schleswig and Holstein respectively.
- However, tensions between the two powers culminated in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. The victorious Prussians annexed both Schleswig and Holstein, creating the province of Schleswig-Holstein in 1867.
- It also included the Duchy of Lauenburg in the extreme southeast region of what is now Schleswig-Holstein from 1876 onward.
- During the decades of Prussian rule within the German Empire, authorities attempted a Germanization policy in the northern part of Schleswig, which remained predominantly Danish.
- In 1937, the Free City of Lübeck became part of the current state of Schleswig-Holstein.
- On 15 June 1920, Northern Schleswig officially returned to Danish rule after a vote by its citizens.
- After World War II, the Prussian province Schleswig-Holstein came under British occupation. On 23 August 1946, the military government abolished the province and reconstituted it as a separate state. Wikipedia
Getting Started[edit | edit source]
Getting Started with Germany Research
Links to articles on getting started with German research:
Germany Research Tools
Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:
Research to Find the Town of Origin[edit | edit source]
If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.
- Use Germany Finding Town of Origin as a guide in finding evidence in United States records proving your ancestors' town of origin. Also see Germany Emigration and Immigration, especially for immigration to countries other than the United States.
Geographical Changes to Schleswig-Holstein[edit | edit source]
Lost Areas[edit | edit source]
From the province of Schleswig-Holstein, these areas were annexed to Hamburg in 1937-8
- The municipality of Altona
- The district of Wandsbek
- From the district of Stormarn the municipalities Bergstedt, Billstedt, Bramfeld, Duvenstedt, Hummelsbüttel, Lemsahl-Mellingstedt, Lohbrügge, Poppenbüttel, Rahlstedt, Sasel, Steilshoop and Wellingsbüttel
- From the district Pinneberg the municipality Lokstedt with Niendorf and Schnelsen
- From the administrative district Herzogtum Lauenburg the place Kurslack in the Achterschlag of the municipality Börnsen
- (The northern part of Schleswig became part of Denmark.)
Areas Now in Denmark, By Kreis[edit | edit source]
Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. For German research prior to 1945, the Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the place names in use from 1871 to 1945. For research in that time period, use the Wiki links in the chart below:
- To find the 1871 duchy or province for your town, use Meyer's 1871 Gazetteer Online.
Hamburg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
1937-38: Exchanges of several small areas with Schleswig-Holstein (List and Map)
|1937: Became part of the current state of Schleswig-Holstein (Map)|
Finding Civil Registration Records[edit | edit source]
After 1945, the main source for research will be civil registration. Civil registration records are records of births, marriages, and deaths kept by the government. In Brunswick (Braunschweig), they were started 1 January 1876. German terms for these records include Standesamtsregister, Zivilstandsregister, or Personenstandsregister. They are an excellent source for information on names and dates and places of births, marriages, and deaths. These records are kept by the civil registrar (Standesbeamte) at the civil registry office (Standesamt). Study these links to learn what information can be found in them:
- Births (Geburtsregister)
- Marriages (Heiraten, Ehen, or Trauungen)
- Deaths (Sterberegister or Totenregister)
Privacy Laws[edit | edit source]
Since 2009, birth records have been public after 110 years, marriages after 80 years and deaths after 30 years. A direct relationship (direct descendants and direct ancestors) to the subject of the record sought will be required in cases where the required time period has not yet elapsed. Even then, the records may be accessible if it can be shown that all "participating parties" have died at least 30 years ago. Participating parties are both parents and the child in birth records, and both spouses in a marriage.
Determining the Location of a Civil Registration Office[edit | edit source]
Research your town name in MeyersGaz.org to find the location of the registry office (Standesamt). It is indicated by the abbreviation "StdA".
However, some of the offices were merged in 1970's, so the record location might be different than that listed in MeyersGaz.
- For a small town within a larger municipality:
- To find the current Standesamt, go to the German Wikipedia, and enter the name of the town in the search box. An article about the town will start with a first line such as: "Besse with about 3200 inhabitants is the largest district of the municipality Edermünde in Hessian Schwalm-Eder-Kreis ." It is probable that the Standesamt is now located in the municipality (in this example Edermünde).
- To e-mail the municipality to verify that the civil registry for your town is there.
- From the Wikipedia town article, click on the name of the municipality that links to that article.
- There will usually be an infobox on the right side of page that lists the address and the website of the municipality.
- Click on the website. Look for "Kontakt (Contact)" information, which should provide an e-mail address.
- Send a message asking whether you have the correct office for your ancestors' home town. You can
- For larger towns which constitute a municipality:
- To find the current Standesamt, go to the German Wikipedia, and enter the name of the town in the search box.
- This type of article will not state that the town belongs to another municipality, because it is itself a municipality.
- The infobox that lists the address and the website of the municipality will appear directly on a this first page that comes up.
- Follow the above instructions #2-4 above.
Writing for Civil Registration Records[edit | edit source]
Civil registration records for Germany can be obtained by writing to the local civil registry (Standesamt) or the district archives. Records may have been lost at one location of the other, so you might end up checking both. The first office you contact might choose to forward your request to the other location if necessary.
Standesamt Addresses[edit | edit source]
How to Write the Letter[edit | edit source]
Detailed instruction for what to include in the letter, plus German translations of the questions and sentences most frequently used are in the German Letter Writing Guide.
More Research Strategies and Tools[edit | edit source]
- Germany Online Classes and Tutorials
- Reading German Handwritten Records Practice exercises to build your skills and confidence.
- Old German Script Transcriber (alte deutsche Handschriften): See your family names in the script of the era. Type your name or other word into the font generator tool. Click on the 8 different fonts. Save the image to your computer and use it as you work with old Germanic records.
- Research Tips and Strategies
Search Strategy[edit | edit source]
- Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find their birth record, search for the births of their brothers and sisters.
- Next, search for the marriage of their parents. The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
- Search the death registers for all known family members.
- The marriage certificate will show the birth date, birth place, and parents of the bride and the groom.
- Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
- If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.