Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Genealogy

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Guide to Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire ancestry, family history, and genealogy before 1945: birth records, marriage records, death records, both church and civil registration, compiled family history, and finding aids.

Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Wiki Topics
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Historical Background[edit | edit source]

Schaumburg-Lippe was created as a county in 1647. Schaumburg-Lippe was a county until 1807 when it became a principality; from 1871 it was a state within the German Empire. In 1913, it was the smallest state in the German Empire in terms of population. The capital was Bückeburg, and Stadthagen was the only other town. It became a free state in 1918, and was until 1946 a small state in Germany. It is located in the present day state of Lower Saxony, with its capital at Bückeburg. It should not be confused with the principality of Lippe.Wikipedia

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Germany Research

Links to articles on getting started with German research:

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Germany Research Tools

Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:

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Historical Geography[edit | edit source]

Disambiguation: The Difference Between Schaumburg, Schaumburg-Lippe, Lippe, and Lippe-Detmold

The "Schaumburg" is a cultural/geographical area:

  • Part of it, labelled "Graftschaft Schaumburg" on this map, was in Hanover (Hannover).
  • Schaumburg-Lippe was the part of the Schaumburg owned by a branch of the Lippe family.

Lippe (also called Lippe-Detmold) was a principality owned by a different branch of the Lippe family.

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Schaumburg-Lippe within the German Empire

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Province of Hanover (Hannover), Prussia (Preussen) 1866-1946

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Hanover (Hannover) Today as Part of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen
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History of Schaumburg-Lippe in the German Empire
Geo-Political Differences Today
FamilySearch Catalog
(organized by 1871 Meyer's Gazetteer)
Wiki Pages


1946: Merged into current state of Lower Saxony (Map)


Finding Birth, Marriage, and Death Records for Schaumburg-Lippe[edit | edit source]

Most of the information you need to identify you ancestors and their families will be found in two major record groups: civil registration and church records. To locate these records, follow the instructions in these Wiki articles.

1. Find the name of your ancestor's town in family history records.[edit | edit source]

Records were kept on the local level. You must know the town where your ancestor lived. If your ancestor was a United States Immigrant, use the information in the Wiki article Germany Finding Town of Origin to find evidence of the name of the town where your ancestors lived in Germany. Also, see:

2. Use gazetteers and/or parish register inventories to learn more important details.[edit | edit source]

Your ancestor's town might have been too small to have its own parish church or civil registration office. Find the location of the Catholic or Lutheran (Evangelical) parish that served your ancestor's locality. Find the name of the civil registration office (Standesamt) that serves your ancestor's locality. Use the Wiki article Finding Aids For German Records for step-by-step instructions.

Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. An important gazetteer, Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs, "Meyer's Gazetter" for short, details the place names of villages, towns, counties (kreise), and higher jurisdictions used at that time. In the Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records, the records of Germany are organized using those place names.

You can also consult Schaumburg-Lippe Church Record Inventories to learn the Lutheran or Catholic parish that would have kept records for your town.

At the end of both World Wars, the boundaries of the states were changed dramatically, as areas of Germany were distributed among the Allied nations. Eventually, after re-unification in 1990, the states of Germany settled into what they are today. It is also necessary to understand Germany by this system, as it affects the locations of civil registration offices, archives, and mailing addresses used in correspondence searches.

3. For birth, marriage, and death records after 1 January 1876, use civil registration.[edit | edit source]

Follow the instructions in Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Civil Registration.

4. For baptism, marriage, and death records, use church records or parish registers.[edit | edit source]

Follow the instructions in Schaumburg-Lippe, German Empire Church Records.

More Research Strategies and Tools[edit | edit source]

  • These printable handouts can be used for ready reference when reading German Handwriting.
Vocabulary found on Specific Records:
Dates, Numbers, Abbreviations:
Miscellaneous Vocabulary:
  • Fraktur Font -- Many forms and books are printed in this font.
German Given Names: