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Saxony (Sachsen), Germany Genealogy

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Saxony (Sachsen), Germany Wiki Topics
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Getting Started
Major Saxony (Sachsen) Record Types
Reading the Records
Additional Saxony (Sachsen)
Record Types
Saxony (Sachsen) Background
Local Research Resources
Germany Record Types
Germany Background

Guide to Saxony (Sachsen), Germany ancestry, family history, and genealogy after 1945: birth records, marriage records, death records.

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Historical Background[edit | edit source]

  • The Kingdom of Saxony (German: Königreich Sachsen), lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany.
  • The kingdom was formed from the Electorate of Saxony.
  • From 1871, it was part of the German Empire.
  • It became a Free state in the era of Weimar Republic in 1918 after the end of World War I. 
  • Its modern successor state is the Free State of Saxony.


The area of the modern state of Saxony should not be confused with "Old Saxony," the area inhabited by Saxons. “Old Saxony” corresponds roughly to the modern German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and the Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.Wikipedia

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Germany Research

Links to articles on getting started with German research:

See More Research Strategies

Germany Research Tools

Links to tools and websites that assist in German research:

See More Research Tools


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Research to Find the Town of Origin[edit | edit source]

If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.

The Kingdom of Saxony (Sachsen)

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Modern State of Saxony
Former Kingdom of Saxony
with Annexed Areas (See List Below.)

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Areas of Modern Saxony Annexed from Other 1871 States[edit | edit source]

Bautzen Kreis, Saxony:

  • Most of this Kreis was originally in Saxony, except for:
    • City of Hoyerswerda, Silesia (no records in library at this time)

Görlitz Kreis, Saxony

  • Görlitz City, Silesia
  • Görlitz Kreis, Silesia
  • Rothenburg Kreis, Silesia

Nordsachsen Kreis, Saxony

  • Delitzch Kreis, Province of Saxony
  • Torgau Kreis, Province of Saxony

Nordsachsen Kreis, Saxony (continued)

  • Municipalities of Bitterfeld Kreis, Province of Saxony
    • Authausen
    • Durchwehna
    • Görschlitz
    • Kossa
  • Municipalities from Liebenwerda Kreis, Province of Saxony
    • Blumberg
    • Stehla
  • Municipalities from Wittenberg Kreis, Province of Saxony
    • Korgau
    • Wörlitz
    • Dahlenberg

Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. For German research prior to 1945, the Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the place names in use from 1871 to 1945. For research in that time period, use the Wiki links in the chart below:


History of Saxony (Sachsen) in the German Empire
Geo-Political Differences Today
FamilySearch Catalog
(organized by 1871 Meyer's Gazetteer)
Wiki Pages

Saxony (Sachsen)

Current state of Saxony has little change from the Kingdom of Saxony (Sachsen) during the German Empire.
1945: Only a small area of Saxony lying east of the Neisse River and centered around the town of Reichenau (now called Bogatynia), was annexed by Poland.
1990: The state gained further areas around Torgau north of Leipzig that had belonged to Saxony-Anhalt until 1952.

Sachsen Note: "Preussen, Sachsen" is used for the Province of Saxony.


Finding Civil Registration Records[edit | edit source]

After 1945, the main source for research will be civil registration. Civil registration records are records of births, marriages, and deaths kept by the government. In Brunswick (Braunschweig), they were started 1 January 1876. German terms for these records include Standesamtsregister, Zivilstandsregister, or Personenstandsregister. They are an excellent source for information on names and dates and places of births, marriages, and deaths. These records are kept by the civil registrar (Standesbeamte) at the civil registry office (Standesamt). Study these links to learn what information can be found in them:

Privacy Laws[edit | edit source]

Since 2009, birth records have been public after 110 years, marriages after 80 years and deaths after 30 years. A direct relationship (direct descendants and direct ancestors) to the subject of the record sought will be required in cases where the required time period has not yet elapsed. Even then, the records may be accessible if it can be shown that all "participating parties" have died at least 30 years ago. Participating parties are both parents and the child in birth records, and both spouses in a marriage.

Determining the Location of a Civil Registration Office[edit | edit source]

Research your town name in MeyersGaz.org to find the location of the registry office (Standesamt). It is indicated by the abbreviation "StdA".

However, some of the offices were merged in 1970's, so the record location might be different than that listed in MeyersGaz.

  • For a small town within a larger municipality:
  • To find the current Standesamt, go to the German Wikipedia, and enter the name of the town in the search box. An article about the town will start with a first line such as: "Besse with about 3200 inhabitants is the largest district of the municipality Edermünde in Hessian Schwalm-Eder-Kreis ." It is probable that the Standesamt is now located in the municipality (in this example Edermünde).
  • To e-mail the municipality to verify that the civil registry for your town is there.
  1. From the Wikipedia town article, click on the name of the municipality that links to that article.
  2. There will usually be an infobox on the right side of page that lists the address and the website of the municipality.
  3. Click on the website. Look for "Kontakt (Contact)" information, which should provide an e-mail address.
  4. Send a message asking whether you have the correct office for your ancestors' home town. You can
  • For larger towns which constitute a municipality:
  • To find the current Standesamt, go to the German Wikipedia, and enter the name of the town in the search box.
  • This type of article will not state that the town belongs to another municipality, because it is itself a municipality.
  • The infobox that lists the address and the website of the municipality will appear directly on a this first page that comes up.
  • Follow the above instructions #2-4 above.

Writing for Civil Registration Records[edit | edit source]

Civil registration records for Germany can be obtained by writing to the local civil registry (Standesamt) or the district archives. Records may have been lost at one location of the other, so you might end up checking both. The first office you contact might choose to forward your request to the other location if necessary.

Local Standesamt Address[edit | edit source]

Local Standesamt Addresses[edit | edit source]

How to Write the Letter[edit | edit source]

Detailed instruction for what to include in the letter, plus German translations of the questions and sentences most frequently used are in the German Letter Writing Guide.

More Research Strategies and Tools[edit | edit source]

Search Strategy[edit | edit source]

  • Search for the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find their birth record, search for the births of their brothers and sisters.
  • Next, search for the marriage of their parents. The marriage record will have information that will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
  • Search the death registers for all known family members.
  • The marriage certificate will show the birth date, birth place, and parents of the bride and the groom.
  • Repeat this process for both the father and the mother, starting with their birth records, then their siblings' births, then their parents' marriages, and so on.
  • If earlier generations (parents, grandparents, etc.) do not appear in the records, search neighboring parishes.