Saline County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States
Saline County

Guide to Saline County, Missouri ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Saline County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Saline County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded November 25, 1820
County Seat Marshall
Address Saline County Courthouse
101 E Arrow Street
Marshall, MO 63340
Phone: 660.886.3331
Saline County Website

County Information

Saline County, Missouri Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1883 1835 1883 1830 1821 1821

County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth and death records 1883-1885.[2]


Parent County

1820 Saline County was created 25 November 1820 from Cooper and Howard Counties. County seat: Marshall [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1864 Courthouse burned in August 1864.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Carroll  • Chariton  • Cooper  • Howard  • Johnson  • Lafayette  • Pettis

Saline CountyHoward CountyCooper CountyMorgan CountyMoniteau CountyPettis CountyLafayette CountyRay CountyCaldwell CountyJohnson CountyChariton CountyCarroll CountyRandolph CountyMOSaline.JPG




Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
MOGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MOGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Saline County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.


Immaculate Conception, Shackelford

  • 1849 - 1876 Immaculate Conception, Shackelford, Baptism Index 1849-1876. Batch C511901 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1867 - 1885 Immaculate Conception, Shackelford, Marriage Index 1867-1885. Batch M511901 at FamilySearch - free.

St. Joseph, Slater

  • 1866 - 1876 St. Joseph, Slater, Baptism Index 1866-1876. Batch C515041 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>

St. Peter's, Marshall

  • 1871 - 1876 St. Peter's, Marshall, Baptism Index 1871-1876. Batch C511891 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1872 - 1885 St. Peter's, Marshall, Marriage Index 1872-1885. Batch M511891 at FamilySearch - free.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Saline County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

A Portrait and biographical record of Lafayette and Saline counties, Missouri ... (1893) is available online free from Google Books. The first part of the book contains biographies of the U.S. presidents. The second part, starting on p.111, contains biographies Lafayette and Saline county residents.

  • Rainey, Thomas Claiborne. Along the old trail, volume I, pioneer sketches of Arrow Rock and vicinity. Marshall, Missouri : Daughters of the American Revolution. Marshall Chapter, 1914.
  • Rigney, Francis E. Diamond Jubilee of The Annunciation and Immaculate Conception Parish, The First Catholic Church in Saline Co., Mo., The Irish Settlement A.D. 1840. [S. l.] : Jubilee Committee, 1927.
  • History of Saline County, Missouri : including a history of its townships, cities, towns and villages. St. Louis, Missouri : Missouri Historical Co., 1881.




Civil War, 1861-1865

Online Records

Regiments Civil War service men from Saline County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Saline County.

Confederate Units:

- 5th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry, Company D, which became Marmaduke's Escort Company, Missouri Cavalry
- 5th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company D
- 5th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company E

Union Units:

- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 5th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 5th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Independent Company

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Saline County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like: ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Sedalia newspapers from the late 1800's and early 1900's that sometimes included Saline County residents.


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.


Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries

Historical Society

  • Saline County Historical Society
    101 Lafayette Avenue
    Marshall, MO 65340
    Phone: 660-886-7546


  • Marshall Public Library
    214 North Lafayette
    Marshall, MO 65340
    Phone: 660-886-3391
    (Has cemetery and other genealogy resources)

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


Sites with online indexes or images of records
Missouri Digital Heritage Free digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
MOGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Saline County, Missouri Genealogy
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Missouri Genealogy Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Saline County, Missouri Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Major genealogy resource library, located in Indiana. On home page enter "Saline Missouri" and search catalog.
Missouri State Archives Library catalog; from this page you must search "Saline County"
See also local libraries and Missouri Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Saline County, Missouri Genealogy
Google+ Missouri Genealogy Network Community
Facebook list of groups from "Missouri Genealogy" search


  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 422-438. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Saline County, Missouri. Page 405 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at