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Saint Kitts and Nevis History

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History[edit | edit source]

The country is a Commonwealth realm, with Elizabeth II as queen and head of state. The capital city is Basseterre on the larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller island of Nevis lies approximately 2 miles southeast of Saint Kitts across a shallow channel called The Narrows.

Saint Kitts and Nevis were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be settled by Europeans. Saint Kitts was home to the first British and French colonies in the Caribbean, and thus has also been titled The Mother Colony of the West Indies.

The islands of St Kitts, formerly St Christopher, and Nevis were discovered and named by Columbus in 1493. They were settled by Britain in 1623 and 1628 respectively, but ownership was disputed with France until 1783. They formed part of the Leeward Islands Federation from 1871 to 1956, and part of the Federation of the West Indies from 1958 to 1962. In 1967, the colonial status was replaced by an association with Britain, giving the islands full internal self-government. St Kitts and Nevis became fully independent in 1983.
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Timeline[edit | edit source]

St. Kitts:
1624 - Under the jurisdiction of England
1625 - Under the jurisdiction of England and France jointly
1626 - England and France partitioned
1629 - Under the jurisdiction of Spain
1630 - England and France partitioned
1665 - Under the jurisdiction of France
1667 - England and France partitioned
1689 - Under the jurisdiction of France
1690 - Under the jurisdiction of England?
1697 - England and France partitioned
1705 - Under the jurisdiction of France
1713 - Under the jurisdiction of Great Britain
1983 - Gained Independence

Nevis:
1628 - Under the jurisdiction of England
1629 - Under the jurisdiction of Spain
1630 - Under the jurisdiction of England
1983 - Gained independence

References[edit | edit source]