Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy

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Russell County

Guide to Russell County, Kentucky ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Russell County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Russell County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the U.S. highlighting Kentucky
Location of Kentucky in the U.S.
Founded December 14, 1825
County Seat Jamestown
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Russell County Kentucky Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy Government Records
*Many years between 1852 and 1911 are missing
Russell County Kentucky Courthouse.jpg
Russell County Courthouse
101 Monument Square
PO Box 579
Jamestown, KY 42629-0579
Phone:. 270.343.2125[1]

Russell County Kentucky History

Parent County

1825--Russell County was created 14 December 1825 from Adair, Cumberland and Wayne Counties.
County seat: Jamestown [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Kentucky county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Kentucky County Boundary Maps" (1776-1939) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1976 A disaster destroyed some records.

Russell County Kentucky Places/Localities

Populated Places

Bryan Humble Middletown Russell Springs
Creelsboro Indian Hills Old Olga Salem
Decatur Jabez Olga Sano
Eli Jamestown Ono Sewelltown
Esto Jericho Ribbon Sycamore Flat
Fonthill Karius Rose Crossroads Vinnie
Freedom Long Bottom Rowena Webbs Cross Roads
Helm Manntown Royville Whittle

Neighboring Counties

Russell County Kentucky Genealogy Resources


African American Research

The following have information concerning African American research.  Both should be used:



Kentucky cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
KYGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
KYGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Kentucky Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See Kentucky Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 3,879
1840 4,238 9.3%
1850 5,349 26.2%
1860 6,024 12.6%
1870 5,809 −3.6%
1880 7,591 30.7%
1890 8,136 7.2%
1900 9,695 19.2%
1910 10,861 12.0%
1920 11,854 9.1%
1930 11,930 0.6%
1940 13,615 14.1%
1950 13,717 0.7%
1960 11,076 −19.3%
1970 10,542 −4.8%
1980 13,708 30.0%
1990 14,716 7.4%
2000 16,315 10.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Russell County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Kentucky Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See Kentucky Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Kentucky denominations, view the Kentucky Church Records wiki page.



  • [Warriner] Mireles, Dana Ann. "Jacob Warriner, Sr., of Buckingham County, Virginia: His Children and His Parents," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1994):83-93. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).


Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kentucky Land and Property for additional information about early Kentucky land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Russell County land records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:

  1. Deed Book A: 1825-1829
  2. Deed Book B: 1828-1834
  3. Deed Book C: 1834-1840

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Kentucky Local Histories.



Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Union), Companies A and C.
- 1st Regiment, Kentucky Veteran Cavalry (Wolford's Cavalry) (Union), Company C.



Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:



Online Probate Records

The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Russell County probate records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:

  1. Will Book 1: 1826-1854
  2. Will Book 2: 1854-1870


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more background information and state-wide resources see the wiki page Kentucky Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Kentucky enacted a statute in 1852-1862 requiring registration of births and deaths,many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1874-1879, and 1892-1910 but, again, was not always followed. By 1911, the law was more clearly defined and kept by 1920. Any existing births 1852-1960 and death records 1852-1953 can be accessed online. See How to Find Kentucky Birth Records and How to Find Kentucky Death Records for links to indexes and images.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy Clerk, with divorce records 1849-1958 located with the Russell County, Kentucky Genealogy Circuit Court. For more information see How to Find Kentucky Marriage Records. For Kentucky divorce records see the wiki page Kentucky Vital Records.. See also How to order Kentucky Vital Records

  • 1839-1960 - KY Births and Christenings ~ Kentucky Births and Christenings, 1839-1960 Family Search
  • 1852-1860 - Russell County Birth Index 1852-1860. Batch C517941 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1874 - Russell County Birth Index 1874. Batch C517942 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1875 - Russell County Birth Index 1875. Batch C517943 at FamilySearch - free.
  • Searchable KY Vital Records ~ Searchable databases of KY Births, Deaths and Marriages
  • 1973-1993 - KY Divorces 1973 - 1993 ~ Kentucky Divorce Records 1973 - 1993 ~ University of Kentucky Vital Records Databases

Russell County Kentucky Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Russell County Historical Society
P.O. Box 544
Jamestown KY 42629

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Russell County Kentucky Genealogy Websites

Russell County Kentucky Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Russell County, Kentucky page 275, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at