Royton, Lancashire Genealogy

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Guide to Royton, Lancashire ancestry, family history, and genealogy: chapelry register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

Royton, Lancashire
Royton St Paul Lancashire.jpg
Type Ecclesiastical Parish
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred Salford
County Lancashire, England Genealogy
Poor Law Union Oldham
Registration District Oldham
Records begin
Parish registers: 1755
Bishop's Transcripts: 1758
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Rochdale
Diocese Manchester
Province York
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court Court of the Bishop of Chester (Episcopal Consistory)
Location of Archive
Lancashire Archives

Chapelry History[edit | edit source]

ROYTON, a chapelry, in the parochial chapelry, parliamentary borough, and union of Oldham St Mary, Lancashire Genealogy, parish of Prestwich St Mary, Lancashire Genealogy, hundred of Salford, S. division of Lancashire, 2 miles north by west of Oldham, on the road to Rochdale. There are places of worship for Independents, Wesleyans, and the Society of Friends.[1]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Online index of Lancashire Births, Marriages and Deaths Lancashire BMD

Churches and chapels in Royton
[edit | edit source]

Royton had no medieval church of its own, and for ecclesiastical purposes, lay within the parish of Prestwich-cum-Oldham in the Diocese of Lichfield, until 1541, when this diocese was divided and Royton became part of the Diocese of Chester. This in turn was divided in 1847, when the present Diocese of Manchester was created. For ritual baptisms, marriages and burials, the people of Royton, a Christian community, had to travel to churches that lay outside of the township's boundaries, including  Oldham St Mary, Lancashire Genealogy, St Leonard's Middleton, Lancashire Genealogy or  Prestwich St Mary, Lancashire Genealogy.

The Religious Society of Friends were recorded as holding conventicles in Heyside in as early as the 1650s. A Baptist meeting place was erected in 1775. Congregational preachers regularly visited Royton, but it was not until 1854 that a workshop was established in the town. Primitive Methodism was established in Royton in a room in a Royley building, with its first purpose-built church being erected in 1867.

Roman Catholicism in Royton after the English Reformation began in 1874, when a disused factory was used as a chapel. Sir Percival Radcliffe, the then owner of Royton Hall, gave land and £2,000 towards the construction of a new Catholic school-chapel which opened in 1880; the local priest lived at Royton Hall. A rectory was built in 1901 and in 1966 the church, dedicated to saints Aidan and Oswald, was rebuilt. Royton, which forms part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Salford, continues to have a Catholic community, supported by Our Lady's R.C. High School.

The Lancashire Online Parish Clerk website contains a listing of all denominations in the Oldham area (see below).

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Online Records[edit | edit source]

Church of England

Royton chapelry's registers of christenings, marriages and burials, along with those of the ancient parish of Prestwich to which it is attached, have been mostly transcribed and are displayed online at the following websites and ranges of years:

AC = (£)
FMP = findmypast (£)
FREG = FreeReg
FS =
LOPC = Lancashire Online Parish Clerk

ROYTON ST PAUL Chapelry (1755) Indexes
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1755-1910 None 1758-1868
LOPC 1755-1797, 1806-1919 1839-1909 1757-1785, 1806-1938
LBMD 1837-1928 1839-1974 1838-1872
FMP None None 1757-1938
PRESTWICH ST MARY PARISH (1600) Indexes (ancient parish containing ROYTON Chapelry)
Baptisms Marriages Burials
FS 1603-1910 1600-1935 1712-1921
LOPC 1603-1936 1603-1895 1603-1921
LBMD 1837-1902 1837-1925 1837-1877
FMP None 1603-1712 None
AC 1603-1711 1603-1711 1603-1711

For a full list of all those chapels surrounding Royton and comprising the whole ancient parish of Prestwich to which it was attached, be certain to see "Church Records" on the PRESTWICH ST MARY PARISH page.

Parish registers, 1755-1938 Microfilm of original records housed at the Central Library, Oldham.

The Chapelry of Royton is in the parish of Prestwich.

Baptisms and burials, 1755-1813 Baptisms, 1813-1850
Baptisms, 1850-1919 Burials, 1813-1836
Burials, 1836-1938 Marriages, 1839-1889
Marriages, 1888-1909

Bishop's transcripts for Royton, 1758-1880 Microreproduction of original manuscripts housed at the Lancashire Record Office, Preston.The Chapelry of Royton (St. Paul's) is in the parish of Prestwich. It was formerly in the parish of Oldham.
Lancashire Record Office: DRM/2/253-258

Baptisms and burials, 1758-1836
1545720 Items 2-4
Baptisms and burials, 1836-1846; 1858-1869; marriages, 1843
Baptisms and burials, 1870-1880
1545722 Item 1

Non Conformist Records[edit | edit source]

Lancashire Online Parish Clerk
[edit | edit source]

A valuable resource is the online information provided by the Online Parish Clerk at With links to Baptisms, marriages and burials for the parish with surname index.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.

Poor Law unions[edit | edit source]

Oldham Poor Law Union

Probate records
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Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Lancashire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Taxation[edit | edit source]

  • 1541 - 1541 Subsidy of Ryton (p. 145)[2]
  • 1622 - 1622 Subsidy of Ryton (p. 158)[2]

Maps and Gazetteers
[edit | edit source]

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Websites[edit | edit source]

For information about the parish

For information about Oldham West Denery of the Diocese of Manchester

British History online

Royton History Society web page


References[edit | edit source]

  1. Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 707-711.
  2. 2.02.1 J.P. Earwaker, Three Lancashire Subsidy Rolls, viz., for the Hundred of Salford, 1541, the Hundred of Salford, 1622 and the Hundred of Leyland, 1628, Together with a Recusant Roll for the Hundred of Leyland, in 1628 (London: Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1885). Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library.