Roanoke (Independent City), Virginia Genealogy

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United States
Roanoke (Independent City)
Roanoke, Virginia
—  Independent City  —
Founded 1884

County Information


The City of Roanoke is located in the Western portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and it's name comes from the Indian word "Rawrenock," which means wampum. These were white shell beads worn by native Americans[1].


For additional records, see Roanoke County.


Wikipedia has more about this subject: Roanoke, Virginia

The town first called Big Lick was established in 1852 and chartered in 1874. It was named for a large outcropping of salt which drew the wildlife to the site near the Roanoke River. In 1882 it became the town of Roanoke, and in 1884 it was chartered as the independent city of Roanoke.

Parent County

1884: Roanoke was created in 1884 from Roanoke County. [2]



  • History of Roanoke City and history of the Norfolk & Western Railway Company FHL
  • Garland, Hugh A. The Life of John Randolph of Roanoke. New York: D. Appleton, 1851. Two volumes. FHL World Vital Records ($) Volume 1 and Volume 2.


go to Roanoke County Cemeteries


  • Records of the field offices for the state of Virginia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872 - FHL Collection


Church History and Records

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • A history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the Virginia Roanoke Mission : with special emphasis of the Church in Roanoke. FHL Collection


  • Presbyterian churches of Roanoke, Virginia FHL
    Contains historical information about the following Presbyterian churches from both the city and county of Roanoke: Salem, First, Second, Bethany, Norwich, Vinton, West End, Belmont, Melrose and Raleigh Court.

Court Records

  • Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery
Chancery order book, no. 1, 1838-1866 FHL
  • Circuit Court
Chancery papers, ca. 1836-1900 FHL
  • County Court
County Court common law order books, 1838-1868 FHL
County Court papers, ca.1838-1910 FHL
Judgements, ca.1837-1899 FHL


  • Roanoke, Virginia, city directory : including Salem and Vinton, also a buyers' guide and a complete classified business directory FHL



  • History and wars of Roanoke County FHL
  • History of Roanoke County, Salem, Roanoke City, Virginia and representative citizens, 1734-1900 FHL
  • A place apart: a brief history of the early Williamson Road and North Roanoke Valley residents and places FHL
  • Roanoke: story of county and city FHL
  • Places near the mountains: from the community of Amsterdam, Virginia up the road to Catawba, on the waters of the Catawba and Tinker Creeks, along the Carolina Road as it approached Big Lick and other areas, primarily North Roanoke FHL
  • Salem and Roanoke Valley: a circular of information, location, railroad facilities, business interests, manufacturing prospects, water power, mineral wealth, fertile lands, healthful climate, social, moral, religious and educational advantages FHL
  • When past is prologue: a history of Roanoke County FHL

Inventories, registers, catalogs

  • Roanoke and New River Valleys, Virginia, manuscripts: a guide to collections in the United States FHL

Land and property

  • Botetourt County, Virginia, early settlers : from the earliest times through 1795, in the area that was Botetourt County in 1782, covers parts of present-day counties of Montgomery, Bath, Giles, Floyd, Alleghany, Roanoke, Craig and Monroe FHL
  • Botetourt County, Virginia, early settlers from the earliest times through 1795, in the area that was Botetourt County in 1782 FHL
  • County Court
Deed books, 1838-1902 ; general indexes to deeds, 1838-1923 FHL
General index to mixed probate records, 1838-1953; mixed probate records, 1838-1903 FHL
  • Commissioner of the Revenue
Land tax books, 1845-1899 FHL
Personal property tax lists, 1838-1850 FHL
  • County Surveyor
Surveyors' records of Roanoke County, 1849-1868 FHL


Salem (Independent City)Roanoke CountyFranklin CountyBedford CountyBotetourt CountyCraig CountyMontgomery CountyVA ROANOKE IND CITY.PNG
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  • Botetourt County, Virginia, 1865 and Botetourt and Roanoke counties, 1865-66 land ownership map FHL
  • Roanoke County, Virginia land ownership maps, [186-?] and 1864 FHL
  • Botetourt County FHL
  • An historical map of Roanoke County, Virginia : compiled from old maps, historical records and traditions FHL
  • Map of a portion of Roanoke County, Virginia, showing original grants in the area FHL
  • Map of a portion of Roanoke County, Virginia, showing the location and ownership of farms (1825-1875) in relation to a modern map of the area (1960) FHL

Military History and Records

Civil War

Since Roanoke was created in 1884 from Roanoke County, see Roanoke County for information about this area in the Civil War.



  • General index to mixed probate records, 1838-1953; mixed probate records, 1838-1903 FHL


Vital Records

Societies, Libraries and Museums

  • Pleasants Lodge No. 63, A.F. & A.M
100 years in the Roanoke Valley (a history of the Lodge) FHL



  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).

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