Richmond County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Richmond County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Rockingham
Organized: 1779
Parent County(s): Anson[1]
Neighboring Counties
Anson  • Chesterfield (SC)  • Hoke  • Marlboro (SC)  • Moore  • Montgomery  • Scotland
See County Maps
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Richmond County is located in the south-central portion of North Carolina and shares a border with South Carolina. It was named for Charles Lennox, the Third Duke of Richmond.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Richmond County Courthouse
114 E Franklin Street, #101
Rockingham, NC 28379
Phone: 910-997-8250
Richmond County Website

Register of Deeds has birth and death records from 1913, marriage records from 1870 and land records from 1784.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce records from 1913 and probate records from 1782.[3]

Richmond County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1870 1913 1772 1784 1782 1784
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Some of the court records are missing.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1779 Richmond County was created from Anson County.
  • County seat: Rockingham[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Beaverdam
  • Blackjack
  • Mark's Creek
  • Mineral Springs
  • Rockingham
  • Steeles
  • Wolf Pit

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Richmond County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 5,053
1800 5,623 11.3%
1810 6,695 19.1%
1820 7,537 12.6%
1830 9,396 24.7%
1840 8,909 −5.2%
1850 9,818 10.2%
1860 11,009 12.1%
1870 12,882 17.0%
1880 18,245 41.6%
1890 23,948 31.3%
1900 15,855 −33.8%
1910 19,673 24.1%
1920 25,567 30.0%
1930 34,016 33.0%
1940 36,810 8.2%
1950 39,597 7.6%
1960 39,202 −1.0%
1970 39,889 1.8%
1980 45,481 14.0%
1990 44,518 −2.1%
2000 46,564 4.6%
2010 46,639 0.2%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]


List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Stanly CountyMontgomery CountyMoore CountyHoke CountyScotland CountyAnson CountyMarlboro CountyNC RICHMOND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Richmond County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Richmond County:

- 2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry, Company C
- 2nd Battalion, North Carolina Infantry, Company D
- 3rd Regiment, North Carolina Artillery, Company E
- 7th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company C
- 8th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain Nathaniel McLean's Company
- 8th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain Neill McNeill's Company

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Richmond County. For state-wide archival repositories, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Richmond County. For state-wide library facilities, see North Carolina Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Richmond County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see North Carolina Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • Richmond County, NCGenWeb
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Richmond County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Richmond County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_North_Carolina#Communities, accessed 24 February 2020.
  7. "Cartledge Creek Baptist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  8. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:225. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at