Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy

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United States
Georgia
Richmond County

Guide to Richmond County, Georgia ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Richmond County, Georgia
Map
Map of Georgia highlighting Richmond County
Location in the state of Georgia
Facts
Founded February 5, 1777
County Seat Augusta
Courthouse
Address GA Richmond County Courthouse]
530 Green Street
Augusta, GA 30911-0001
Phone: 760.821.2460
Richmond County Website


County Information

Richmond County, Georgia Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate

1785

1790
1789
1782


County Courthouse

Richmond County Courthouse
530 Green Street
Augusta, GA 30911-0001
Phone: 760.821.2460

Clerk Superior Court has land records from 1778 and court records; Probate Court has marriage and probate records.[1]

Clerk of Superior Court
735 James Brown Boulevard, Suite 1500
P.O. Box 2046 (30903)
Augusta, GA 30901
Phone: (706) 821-2460
Fax: (706) 821-2448

Probate Court of Richmond County
735 James Brown Boulevard
Suite 1000
augusta, GA 30901
Phone: 706-821-2431

History

Parent County

1777--Richmond County was created 5 February 1777 from St. Paul Parish.County seat:--Augusta [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[3]

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Aiken County, South Carolina  • Burke County  • Columbia County  • Edgefield County, South Carolina  • Jefferson County  • McDuffie County

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Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Terrell, Lloyd Preston. Blacks in Augusta: a chronology, 1741-1977 / by Lloyd P. Terrell and Marguerite S. C. Terrell. - Augusta, Ga. : Preston Publications. c 1977. 50 p. F294.A9 T47

Bible Records

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Richmond, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Richmond County cemeteries.

Census

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.

St. Mary's Church, Augusta

  • 1895 - St. Mary's Church, Augusta, Marriage Index 1895. Batch M713611 at FamilySearch - free.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Augusta
Episcopal

Christ Church Episcopal, Augusta

  • 1887-1895 Christ Church Episcopal, Augusta, Marriage Index 1887-1895. Batch M713591 at FamilySearch - free.[4]

Church of the Atonement Episcopal, Augusta

  • 1851-1885 - Church of the Atonement Episcopal, Augusta, Baptism Index 1851-1885. Batch C713601 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1851-1895 - Church of the Atonement Episcopal, Augusta, Baptism Index 1851-1885. Batch M713601 at FamilySearch - free.

St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Augusta

  • 1868-1885 - St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Augusta, Baptism Index 1868-1885. Batch C713621 at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • 1868-1885 - St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Augusta, Marriage Index 1868-1885. Batch M713621 at FamilySearch - free.

Court

  • 1873-1881 - Teachers Employed from 1873 to 1881 in Richmond County Georgia Pioneers $

Genealogy

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

  • Augusta. Augusta, Ga.: Tidwell Print. Supply Co., 1938. Digital version at Ancestry ($). See also Ancestry ($).
  • Clark, Walter A. A Lost Arcadia, or, The Story of My Old Community. Augusta, Ga.: Chronicle Job Print., 1909. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Dellquest, Augustus Wilfrid. Historic Augusta: A Brief Description of the Monuments and Places of Historical Interest in and around Augusta, Ga. Augusta, Ga.: A.W. Dellquest Book Co., 1917. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Jones, Charles Colcock. Memorial History of Augusta, Georgia: From Its Settlement in 1735 to the Close of the Eighteenth Century. Syracuse, N.Y.: D. Mason & Co., 1890. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps

Garichmond.jpg

Early migration routes to and from Richmond County for European settlers included:[5]

Military

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company F
- 1st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Ramsey's) (Confederate), Companies D and I
- 3rd Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and I
- 3rd Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters (Confederate)
- 3rd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and I
- 5th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies A, C and N
- 9th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 10th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B, D and K
- 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 12th Battalion, Georgia Light Artillery (Confederate), Reorganized Companies D and F
- 20th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company K
- 22nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 48th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and I
- 62nd Regiment, Georgia Cavalry (Confederate) , Company E, H and I
- Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project


  • Sheahan, John J. 1996. Military markers and data: Cemeteries located in Richmond County, Georgia. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. film 1598370

Naturalization

Newspapers

Newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Richmond County, Georgia Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Occupations

Probate Records

Online Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Taxation

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia. See also How to order Georgia Vital Records

Birth
Marriage Records
Death Records
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Richmond Hill Historical Society
PO Box 381
Richmond Hill, GA 31324
Website

Augusta Genealogical Society
1109 Broad St.
Augusta, GA 30901
Telephone Number: 706-722-4073
Website


Augusta-Richmond County Historical Society
ARCHS, 2500 Walton Way
Augusta , GA 30904-2200
Telephone Number:706-737-1532
Website


Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Richmond County, Georgia. Page 159 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 50-51. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.