Ray County, Missouri Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
United States
Missouri
Ray County

Guide to Ray County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

{{{link}}}
County Facts
County seat: Richmond
Organized: November 16, 1820
Parent County(s): Howard[1]
Neighboring Counties
Caldwell  • Carroll  • Clay  • Clinton  • Jackson  • Lafayette
See County Maps
Courthouse
MissouriRayCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Missouri Ray County Map.svg.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The County was named for John Ray, Missouri state legislator. The County has Richmond as its seat and the County was created November 16, 1820. The County is located in the northwest area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Ray County Courthouse
100 W Main Street
PO Box 536
Richmond, MO 64085-0536
Phone: 816-776-4502
Ray County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records 1883-1884.
Recorder of Deeds has marriage and land records.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records.
Probate Judge has probate records.
(Records of interest to genealogists obtainable from Ray County Historical Society, Richmond, Missouri 64085) [3]

Ray County, Missouri Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1883 1820 1883 1821 1820 1821 1830
Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1820 Ray County was created November 16, 1820 from Howard County.
  • County seat: Richmond[5]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Ray County, Missouri:

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Ray County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

For tips on accessing Ray County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

New Hope Church, near Richmond, Ray County, Missouri, was the first church of any faith to organized (1820) in this county. (Transcript of records at Primitive Baptist Library in Carthage, Illinois.)[6]

Court Records

Many of your ancestors may be found in the "more genealogically obscure" court records as defendants, plaintiffs, witnesses, or jurors. Court records can establish family relationships and places of residence, occupations, and other family history information. See Missouri Court Records for a discussion of court types and their jurisdictions.

For the top court records sought by genealogists, see Vital Records  · Wills and Probate  · Land  · Naturalization

Circuit Court

  • Woods, Fred D. Name Index to the First Twenty Years of Ray County, Missouri, Circuit Court records, 1820-1840  FHL
  • The Missouri State Archives has the index (1821-1872) to the circuit court records, and Vols A-O (1821-1882) in microfilm.
  • Missouri, Ray County Circuit Court. Court Records, 1821-1882; Index to Court records, 1821-1888. FHL

County Court
The Missouri State Archives has Vol A (1820-1837) Minutes (County Clerk) on microfilm.

Court of Common Pleas
The Missouri State Archives has the Common Plea Index, Vol A, 1867-1874 and the Common Pleas book, Vol A, 1867-1870 on microfilm.

Justice of the Peace
Docket, 1836-1851 is available at the Missouri State Archives.

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Ray County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • History of Ray County, Mo. 1881. St. Louis Missouri Historical Company. Available online at FamilySearch; Google Books.
  • A History of Northwest Missouri. By Walter Williams, Editor. 1915. The Lewis Publishing Company. Available online at Google Books.

Maps and Gazetteers

{{{county}}}

Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration

Military Records

Indian Wars

(Black Hawk 1832, Seminole War 1837, Osage War 1837, Heatherly War 1836)

War with Mexico

Some Ray county residents served in the Santa Fe Battalion of the Missouri Mounted Volunteers. (This unit compiled its own record.)

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments

Service men in Ray County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Ray County, Missouri:

- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company E
- 15th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company I
- 35th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company A
- 44th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 4th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 4th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B

- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 51st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 6th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company D
- 6th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company K
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company C

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ray County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

  • Newspaperarchive.com ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Chillicothe newspapers from the late 1800's and early 1900's that covered local news on residents from Ray County communities.

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

A unique aspect of Ray county wills is that the people who legally should be referred to as executors are referred to as administrators.[7] The Ray County Courthouse houses the orginial probate records from 1821. All dates have associated packets.

Ray county, Probate Court. Wills, Letters & Bonds, 1821-1915. Missouri State Archives microfilm.

Ray county, Probate Court. Bonds, Vol B, 1836-1844. Missouri State Archives Microfilm Reel Number C 5780.

Ray county, Probate Court. Letters of Admministration, 1836-1884. Missouri State Arcives microfilm.

Ray county, Probate Court. Inventories/appraise/sale Bill, Vol B, 1853-1863. Missouri State Archives microfilm.

Ray county, Probate Court. Inventories,Appraisements & Sale Bills, Vol D-FI, 1859-1886. Missouri State Archives microfilm

Ray county, Probate Court. Notices & Affidavits, Vol A, 1862-1877. Missouri State Archives microfilm.

Ray county, Probate Court. Minutes, 1867-1869. Missouri State Archives microfilm.

Ray county, Probate Court. Record of Estates, Vol 1, Allen-Zuklin. Missouri State Archives microfilm.

Ray county, Probate Court. Record of Estates-guardians, Vol 1, Adams-Yates. Missouri State Archives microfilm.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

  • 1821 "Ray County Assessor's List for 1821" Ray county, Missouri USGenweb. Cites as its source: "Missouri Pioneer Book" Volume 2 February 1968, p. 39-41, compiled and published
    by Miss Nadine Hodges & Mrs John Vineyard & Mrs Howard W. Woodruff.
  • Cowles, Edgar M. Resident taxpayers of Ray County, Mo., comprising the names and occupation of all resident taxpayers in the county, arranged alphabetically, according to post-office addresses. (Hardin? Mo., c1894). See Library of Congress F472.R2 C87.
  • Missouri State Archives has microfilmed taxation sources starting in the 1900s.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Birth

  • 1827-1935 Missouri, Births and Christenings, 1827-1935 at FamilySearch — index
  • 1851-1910 Missouri Birth Records, 1851-1910 at Ancestry — index/images ($)
  • 1858-1868 Ray County Birth Index 1858-1868. Batch C515661 at FamilySearch.[8]
  • 1883-1890 Ray County Birth Index 1883-1890. Batch C582498 at FamilySearch.
  • Missouri, Ray county, County Clerk. Permanant Record of Births, Vol 1, 1883-1889 is available at the Missouri State Archives on microfilm. Reel Number C 25631.
  • Missouri, Ray county, County Clerk. Register of Births and Stillbirths, Vol 1, 1883-1890 is available at the Missouri State Archives on microfilm. Reel Number C 5754.

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

  • Ray County Museum and Genealogical Library
    901 W Royle Street
    Richmond, MO 64085-1545
    Phone: 816-776-2305
    Facebook

Museums

  • Ray County Museum and Genealogical Library
    901 W Royle Street
    Richmond, MO 64085-1545
    Phone: 816-776-2305
    Facebook

Societies

Websites

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Ray, Missouri," in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_County,_Missouri. accessed 9/13/2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ray County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Webb, Robert. "Sharing Our Joy in Successfully Locating Books, Church Records, and Other Valuable Original Source Documents, and a Listing of Recent Gifts Received." Primitive Baptist Library website, accessed 16 Dec 2012.
  7. Fred Woods, "Tarwater Family History / Genealogy - Daviess and Ray co. Missouri" Facebook group (closed) posting dated 29 Jul 2012 and email correspondence to Jana Stokes, July 2012. Wood is author of several Ray county genealogical books including Name Index to the First Twenty Years of Ray County, Missouri, Circuit Court Records, 1820-1840 (Richmond, Missouri : Ray County, Missouri Genealogical Association, 1994).
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/f/f4/Igimissourir.pdf.